The Simpson Strait (Coordinates: ) is a natural, shallow waterway separating King William Island to the north from Adelaide Peninsula on Nunavut's mainland to the south. The strait, an arm of the Arctic Ocean, connects the Queen Maud Gulf with Rasmussen Basin's Rae Strait.
Simpson Strait measures 40 mi (64 km) long and 2–10 mi (3.2–16 km) wide, and there are several small islands within it: Albert, Beaver, Boulder, Castor, Chens, Club, Comb, Denille, Dolphin, Eta, Hook, Kilwinning, Pollux, Ristvedt, Saatuq, Sarvaq and Taupe.
In 1836, the Hudson's Bay Company wanted 'to endeavor to complete the discovery and survey of the northern shores of the American continent' and so it sent Thomas Simpson and Peter Warren Dease on an expedition. Simpson and Dease reached the Simpson Strait in 1839, and named it in honor of Simpson.
- "Simpson Strait". The Columbia Gazetteer of North America. 2000. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- "Group Name: Nunavut (Kitikmeot Region) East Centre group". rsgbiota.org. 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- Greely, A. W. Handbook of Polar Discoveries. ISBN 1-4067-6645-3.
- "Northwest Passagevia Simpson Strait". quarkexpeditions.com. Archived from the original on 2008-03-17. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
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