Simranjit Singh Mann
Simranjit Singh Mann (Punjabi: ਸਿਮਰਨਜੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਮਾਨ) (born May 20, 1945, Simla, India) is a politician from Punjab. He is president of a Sikh political party, Shiromani Akali Dal (Amritsar). Mann has been arrested or detained some 30 times but he has never been convicted.
In 1984, he resigned his post as Commandant of the Central Industrial Security Force (I.P.S.) in Bombay in protest of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots (including women and children) and attack on the most sacred shrine Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) during Operation Blue Star which was carried out by the Indian army, and was detained. Mann was charged, among other things, with conspiracy to assassinate Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
He was elected in absentia to India's Parliament by an overwhelming mandate in the State of Punjab, and unconditionally released "in the interests of the State", with all charges dropped, after five years in prison, in November 1989. He was denied an Indian passport on the grounds that he was "threat to the security and integrity of India". Mann was denied entry into the Indian Parliament when he insisted on carrying a kirpan, which is allowed under the Indian constitution, with him.
In May 1993, while campaigning in support of a candidate during the Jalandhar by-elections, a gunman attempted to assassinate Mann. No one was charged in the crime.
On November 3, 1999, after Mann was elected to the Indian Parliament, the Punjab and Haryana High Court ordered the Union of India and the Passport Office in Chandigarh to issue a passport to Mann.
Mann is a two time Member of Parliament, winning from Taran Tarn in 1989 and Sangrur in 1999.
He comes from a political family. His father Lt. Col. Joginder Singh Mann was a speaker of the Punjab Vidhan Sabha (also known as Punjab Legislative Assembly) in 1967. He is married to Geetinder Kaur Mann. Mann's wife and Capt. Amarinder Singh's wife Maharani Preneet Kaur are sisters.
Indian Police Service
He had appeared for Central Services Examination in 1966 and subsequently he joined Indian Police Services in 1967 and he was allocated "Punjab Cadre". He worked on several Indian Police Service positions, including Assistant Superintendent of Police Ludhiana, Senior Superintendent of Police Ferozepur, Senior Superintendent of Police Faridkot, Inspector-General of Police Railways, Patiala, Deputy Director of Vigilance Bureau Chandigarh, Commandant of Panjab Armed Police and Group Commandant of Industrial Security Force Bombay. He also served as Assistant Deputy Commissioner Governor of Punjab. To protest against Indian Government troops attack (also known as Operation Blue Star) on Golden Temple he resigned from Indian Police Service on June 18, 1984.
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- Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. "India: Whether members of the Akali Dal (Mann) / Akali Dal (Amritsar) party are harassed and arrested for participating in party gatherings, for publicly complaining about the treatment of Sikhs by Indian authorities or for calling for the creation of Khalistan (separate homeland for Sikhs); whether police regard members of the Akali Dal (Mann) party with suspicion and monitor them for signs of any links with terrorism (2005-2008) (15 April 2008, IND102547.E)". UNHCR. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "United Nations". Unhcr.org. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
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- "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - mad". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
- Posted: Feb 02, 2003 at 0000 hrs IST (2003-02-02). "Mandarins who rule Punjab". Indianexpress.com. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
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- "It's from father to son in Punjab". rediff.com. 2002-02-09. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
- "Mann resigns from party after defeat in Punjab elections". PunjabNewsline.com. 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2009-08-09.