Sinaia

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Sinaia
Skyline of Sinaia
Coat of arms of Sinaia
Coat of arms
Location of Sinaia
Location of Sinaia
Coordinates: 45°21′0″N 25°33′5″E / 45.35000°N 25.55139°E / 45.35000; 25.55139Coordinates: 45°21′0″N 25°33′5″E / 45.35000°N 25.55139°E / 45.35000; 25.55139
Country  Romania
County Prahova County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Vlad Gheorghe Oprea (National Liberal Party)
Population (2011)
 • Total 10,410
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariasinaia.ro/

Sinaia (Romanian pronunciation: [siˈnaja]) is a town and a mountain resort in Prahova County, Romania. The town was named after Sinaia Monastery, around which it was built; the monastery in turn is named after the Biblical Mount Sinai. King Carol I of Romania built his summer home, Peleș Castle, near the town.

Sinaia is about 60 kilometres (37 miles) northwest of Ploiești and 50 kilometres (31 miles) south of Brașov, in a mountainous area on the Prahova River valley, just east of the Bucegi Mountains. The altitude varies from 767 to 860 metres (2,516 to 2,822 feet) above sea level.

The city is a popular destination for hiking and winter sports, especially downhill skiing. Among the tourist landmarks, the most important are Peleș Castle, Pelișor Castle, Sinaia Monastery, Sinaia Casino, Sinaia train station, and the Franz Joseph and Saint Anne Cliffs. Sinaia was also the summer residence of the Romanian composer George Enescu, who stayed at the Luminiș villa.

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1912 3,919 —    
1930 4,072 +3.9%
1948 6,537 +60.5%
1956 9,006 +37.8%
1966 11,976 +33.0%
1977 13,822 +15.4%
1992 15,465 +11.9%
2002 14,636 −5.4%
2011 10,410 −28.9%
Source: Census data

Climate[edit]

An 1890s postcard image of Sinaia

The climate is a characteristic of low-altitude mountain passes. Annual average temperature: 8 °C (46 °F) Average temperature in June: 15 °C (59 °F) Average temperature in January: −4 °C (25 °F).

Summers are bracing and very rainy in the beginning of the season. Winters are relatively mild, with heavy snow. Average annual rainfall is 900 millimetres (35.4 inches) The maximum monthly registered rainfall was in June (173 mm). The minimum rainfall was recorded in September 55 mm (2.2 in) and February 40 mm (1.6 in).

A uniform layer of snow is deposited usually in November and it melts from March to April, sometimes at the beginning of May. The thickness of the snow layer varies between 20 centimeters and 3 meters in higher elevations.

In recent years, Sinaia has felt the effects of global climate change – change that has meant shorter summers, with temperatures frequently over 30 °C (86 °F), a slight reduction in the length of spring and autumn, and relatively longer winters (end of October – beginning of May), colder winters with entire weeks dominated by frost −25 to −19 °C (−13 to −2 °F) and numerous blizzards.

Natural cure factors[edit]

Proponents claim that Sinaia has a refreshing and stimulating climate that is beneficial to the human body. There are also some mineral springs in Câinelui Valley that have sulphur-ferric mineral water and contain other soluble minerals.

Nature preservation[edit]

Sinaia Monastery

In the town of Sinaia and its surroundings restrictions are in place regarding cutting down or picking up flora. The felling of trees is not allowed. It is forbidden to pick up any alpine plants. Severe punishment may be in store for those who gather these plants: the Mountain Peony (Rhododendron Kotsky), Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum), and the Yellow Gentiana (Gentiana lutea). Tourist camping is only authorized in designated places, following necessary and compulsory protection standards.

The mountainous area in which Sinaia is located is in the Bucegi Natural Park region. The Park covers a total area of 326.63 square kilometres (126.11 sq mi), of which 58.05 km2 (22.41 sq mi) are under strict protection and shelter natural monuments. The Bucegi Natural Preserve area includes all the abrupt areas of the mountains Vârful cu Dor, Furnica, and Piatra Arsă. The mountainous area is continuously patrolled by mountain rescue patrols as well as by members of the Mountain Police.

At the entrance to the Cumpătu district, one can find the “Sinaia alder-tree grove” botanical reservation placed under the protection of the Romanian Academy and the Bucharest Biology Institute. In the same district, there is also another ecological research station under the patronage of UNESCOJacques-Yves Cousteau, belonging to the University of Bucharest, which also includes a museum of Bucegi Mountains fauna in a laboratory for nature protection.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Sinaia is twinned with:

Notable residents[edit]

  1. George Enescu
  2. Romanian Royal family

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuaire-Mairie.fr. "Ville d'Aoste" (in French). Retrieved 2013-06-18. 

External links[edit]

Sinaia travel guide from Wikivoyage