Sinan Hasani

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Sinan Hasani
Синан Хасани
Sinan Hasani.jpg
9th President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia
In office
15 May 1986 – 15 May 1987
Prime Minister Branko Mikulić
Preceded by Radovan Vlajković
Succeeded by Lazar Mojsov
7th Chairman of the League of Communists of Kosovo
In office
June 1981 – May 1983
Preceded by Velli Deva
Succeeded by Ilaz Kurteshi
Personal details
Born (1922-05-14)14 May 1922
Požaranje, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (today Kosovo[a])
Died 28 August 2010(2010-08-28) (aged 88)
Belgrade, Serbia
Nationality Yugoslavian
Political party League of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ)

Sinan Hasani (Serbian Cyrillic: Синан Хасани; 14 May 1922 – 28 August 2010[1]) was a Yugoslav novelist, statesman, diplomat and a former President of Presidency Yugoslavia, a revolving form of executive leadership which rendered him the President of Yugoslavia at the time as well. He was of Albanian ethnicity.

Early life and career[edit]

Hasani finished primary school and Gazi Isa-bey madrasah (high school) in Skopje. He became a writer and wrote his first Albanian language novel "The Grape Starts to Ripen" in 1957.[1]

Hasani joined the Yugoslav Partisan resistance movement in 1941, during the war, and the Yugoslav Communist Party in 1942. He found himself in Nazi German captivity in 1944, and spent time in a POW camp near Vienna until the end of World War II. After the war, he attended the Đuro Đaković party school in Belgrade (1950–52). Later, he became leader of the Socialist Union of the Working People mass organization in Kosovo, and was from 1965 to 1967 manager of the Kosovar publishing house Rilindja. From 1971 to 1974, he was the Yugoslav ambassador to Denmark. In 1975 he was elected Deputy Speaker of the Yugoslav Federal Assembly, and remained in that position until he became the leader of the League of Communists of Kosovo in 1982.

In the presidency[edit]

Hasani was elected as the Kosovar member of the Yugoslavian presidency in 1984 with his term ending in 1989. He also served as head of the rotating presidency. On Hasani's first day as president, he and his presidency unanimously appointed the anti-reform hardliner Branko Mikulić as the federal Prime Minister of Yugoslavia. After Mikulić and his cabinet voluntarily resigned in March 1989, as the first federal ministry in the history of Socialist Yugoslavia, Hasani initially supported the unsuccessful bid of the Milošević loyalist and Serb hardliner Borisav Jović, to become the federal PM. It was contrary to the candidacy of the economically liberal reformist Ante Marković, which was proposed by the republics of Slovenia and Croatia, and finally approved by the Federal Assembly of Yugoslavia, and also by the outgoing presidency, including Hasani himself.

Hasani died in Belgrade on 28 August 2010.

Relations with the Albanian community[edit]

As an ethnic Albanian, Hasani was perceived by the wider Albanian community of Yugoslavia as highly controversial because of the continued oppressive situation of the ethnic Albanians during his leadership. He used his position to feed the interests of the Slavic majority; he was thus unsympathetic towards the architects who fought for Albanian non-Yugoslavian interests, mostly in Kosovo, much to the anger of the Albanians in Yugoslavia.

Hasani is also remembered for his undiplomatic deals with the leader of Albania, Enver Hoxha who in turn, through his patriotic speeches, gained a lot of support among the ethnic Albanians in Yugoslavia. Hasani had tagged Enver Hoxha “a scabby goat” (a Serbian idiom), while Hoxha called Hasani “a Serbian dog”[2] in response to this. These events nevertheless, occurred some time before Hasani became head of presidency - Hoxha had died in 1985.

Works[edit]

Hasani also wrote a number of novels in Albanian, which were translated into Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian.

Novels[edit]

  • Një natë e turbullt ("A troubled night", 1966)
  • Era dhe Lisi ("The wind and the oak", 1973; filmed in 1979 as a TV-series)
  • Fëmijëria e Gjon Vatrës ("The childhood of Gjon Vatra", 1975)
  • Për bukën e bardhë ("For white bread", 1977)

Other works[edit]

  • Kosovo : istine i zablude, ("Kosovo, Truths and Illusions" 1986, in Serbian, concerning Albanian nationalism in Kosovo)
  • Në fokus të ngjarjeve : bisedë me Sinan Hasanin / Tahir Z. Berisha ("In the focus of events, a conversation with Sinan Hasani / Tahir Z. Berisha" 2005, Biography, ISBN 9951-408-08-7)

Notes[edit]

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  1. ^ a b B92: Preminuo Sinan Hasani (Sinan Hasani dies), 29 August 2010 (Serbian)
  2. ^ Video on YouTube

References[edit]

  • Raif Dizdarević, Od smrti Tita do smrti Jugoslavije ("From Tito's death to the death of Yugoslavia", Sarajevo: Svjetlost, 2000)

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Radovan Vlajković
President of the Presidency of SFR Yugoslavia
15 May 1986 – 15 May 1987
Succeeded by
Lazar Mojsov
Party political offices
Preceded by
Velli Deva
Chairman of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Kosovo
15 May 1982 – 15 June 1983
Succeeded by
Ilaz Kurteshi