Sindhi workies

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Sindhi workies, or Sindworkis were wealth Hindu overseas traders from the region of Sindh who emerged during the British rule of India. They came from amongst the Bhaibund merchant caste, and mainly from the city of Hyderabad, establishing their businesses on the supply of traditional Sindhi arts and crafts known as "Sindhi work", particularly to British and European markets.[1]

Sindhi workies were amongst the first India traders to establish business outside of India, wherever the British had influence.[2]

Due to the nature of their business, the men traditionally spent only six months at home in Hyderabad and up to the following two and half to three years abroad.[3]

Sindhi work[edit]

Typical Sindhi works were actually produced by Muslim crafts people from the area of colonial India which is now Pakistan. These included printed and embroidery materials, silks, silverware, lacquer ware, pottery and jewellery.[2]

Hatta varnka[edit]

One of the unique characteristics of was hatta varnka, a secret code language developed for cash books and legers. Used only business and overseas communications, the purpose of it was to make the company's accounting unintelligible to revenue collectors thereby enabling tax evasion.[1]

See also[edit]


  • The Global World of Indian Merchants, 1750-1947: Traders of Sind from Bukhara to Panama. Issue 6 of Cambridge Studies in Indian History and Society. Markovits, Claude. Cambridge University Press, 2000. ISBN 1139431277.


  1. ^ a b Cosmopolitan Connections: The Sindhi Diaspora, 1860-2000, Vol. 9 of International Comparative Social Studies. Falzon, Mark-Anthony. BRILL, 2004. ISBN=9004140085
  2. ^ a b Sindhi Diaspora in Manila, Hong Kong, and Jakarta. Thapan, Anita Raina. Ateneo University Press, 2002. ISBN=971550406X
  3. ^ The Sindh Story, Malkan, K. R.. Allied Publishers Limited, 1984