Sindhudurg district

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Sindhudurg district
सिंधुदुर्ग जिल्हा
District of Maharashtra
Location of Sindhudurg district in Maharashtra
Location of Sindhudurg district in Maharashtra
Country India
State Maharashtra
Administrative division Konkan Division
Headquarters Oros
Tehsils 1. Dodamarg, 2. Sawantwadi, 3. Vengurla, 4. Kudal, 5. Malvan, 6. Kankavli, 7. Devgad, 8. Vaibhavwadi
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Ratnagiri-Sindhudurg (shared with Ratnagiri district) (Based on Election Commission website)
 • Assembly seats 4
Area
 • Total 5,207 km2 (2,010 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 868,825
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
 • Urban 9.47%
Demographics
 • Literacy 80.3%
 • Sex ratio 1079
Major highways NH-17
Average annual precipitation 3,287 mm
Website Official website

Sindhudurg (Marathi: सिंधुदुर्ग जिल्हा) is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in India, which was carved out of the erstwhile Ratnagiri District. The district headquarters are located at Oros (ओरस). The district occupies an area of 5207 km² and has a population of 868,825 of which 9.47% were urban (as of 2001).[1]

As of 2011 it is the least populous district of Maharashtra (out of 39).[2]

Origin of name[edit]

The district is named after the fort of Sindhudurg (which means "fort in the sea"), which lies on a rocky island just off the coast of Malvan. Sindhudurg fort, built in the 16th century by King Shivaji is the only fort which has Shivaji's temple inside the fort and a palm imprint of King Shivaji.[citation needed] Sindhudurg district has 37 forts, the highest number of forts in Maharashtra as well as all types of forts (Jaldurg – Sea), (Bhuikot – fort on land) and (Giri- fort on hilltop).

Statistical Details[edit]

Population 868,825 Male 417,890 Female 450,935 Literacy 80.30% Male 90.30% Female 71.20% Density 167 Per km2. Sex Ratio 1079 ( For 1000 Male)

The area is largely rural populated with 91% of rural population of the total population of 868825.

  • Tahsil's:
  1. Dodamarg
  2. Sawantwadi
  3. Vengurla
  4. Kudal
  5. Malvan
  6. Kankavli
  7. Devgad
  8. Vaibhavwadi
  • Panchayat Samiti:
  1. Dodamarg
  2. Sawantwadi
  3. Vengurla
  4. Kudal
  5. Malvan
  6. Kankavli
  7. Devgad
  8. Vaibhavwadi
  • Nagar Palika:
  1. Vengurla
  2. Sawantwadi
  3. Malvan
  4. Kankavli
  • Gram Panchayat: 433
  • Tot. Villages: 743
  • No. of Towns: 5
  • Police Stations: 9
  • Police outpost: 23

Transport & Communication[edit]

Total Railway track 103 km Villages Connected by roads 743 Total Road Length 4640 km National Highway 108 km State Highway 668 km Dist. Roads 1473 km Village Roads 2391 Railway stations- (7) Vaibhavwadi, Nandagav, Kankavli, Sindhudurgnagari, Kudal, Sawantwadi, Madura

Agriculture Details[edit]

Major Crops Rice, Coconut, kokam, Mango, Cashew Annual Crop kokam, Mango, Cashew Irrigated 33,910 Hector Non-Irrigated. 104,390 Hector Forest 38,643 Hector 74% of total land holding in the district, are held by small and marginal farmers. The irrigated area is only 23.48% through well and small channels.

Irrigation[edit]

Major Projects 2 (Tilari & Talamba) Medium Projects 4 Small Projects State owned : 33, Z.P. owned : 460

Education Section[edit]

Primary Schools Zilla Parishad – 1469, Private – 49 Secondary Schools Grantable : 184, Central Govt. : 1, Private : 22 Junior Colleges 43 Senior Colleges 7 D.Ed./ BEd Colleges 4 + 1 Medical Colleges 2 Engineering Colleges 1 Polytechnic Colleges 1 Industrial Training Institutes (ITI)- (7) 1.Sawntwadi 2.Malvan 3.Deogad 4.Sindhudurgnagari 5.Vengurla 6.Phondaghat 7.Vaibhavwadi

Banking Sector[edit]

Nationalised Banks 66 Branches Cooperative Banks 106 Branches Rural Banks 15 Branches

Fisheries[edit]

Sea Coast Length 121 km Fishing Area 16000 km2. Main Fisheries Centers – (8) Vijaydurg, Devgad, Achara, Malvan, Sarjekot, Kochara, Vengurla, Shiroda Fisherman Population 25365 Total Fish Production 19273 M. Tons Fisheries Co.Op. Soc. 34 (Total Members 14216)

Location[edit]

Sindhudurg is bordered on the north by Ratnagiri District, on the south by the state of Goa, on the west by the Arabian Sea, and to the east across the crest of the Western Ghats or Sahyadris is Kolhapur District. Sindhudurg is part of Konkan (coastal) region, a narrow coastal plain in western Maharashtra which lies between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea.

Climate[edit]

Sindhudurg has a semi-tropical climate and remains warm and humid in most of the year. It has three clear seasons : Rainy (June – October), winter (November-mid February) and Summer (mid February–May). Temperatures vary between Max. 32 °C and monsoon winds bring heavy rains (average rainfall 3240.10 mm).

People[edit]

The people of Sindhudurg District mostly speak a distinct Konkani dialect Malvani, though Marathi, Konkani and English are also spoken and understood by majority of population.

Cities & Towns[edit]

Cities in the district include:

Smaller towns include:

Cuisine[edit]

The cuisine of the district is popularly known as Malvani cuisine. Coconut, Rice and Fish assume prime significance in the Malavani cuisine. Seafood containing fish, especially Bangada (Soloman) Paplet (Pomfret), Prawns, Bombil (Bombay Duck) and Tisrya (Mussels) is very popular. "Kombdi Vade", a chicken savoury, is the most popular dish here. Others include Ukadya Tandulachi Pej (उकड्या तांदळाची पेज – a semi-fluid boiled preparation made of brown-red rice variety) and Sol Kadhi (सोल कढी – A preparation made of Sol (Kokum) सोल and coconut milk). Dry fish is also a local delicasy like "Golma" (dried prawns).

Malvani cuisine is one of the unique cuisine than rest of the Maharashtra with very low oil and spices but very testy with use of locally available spices. Even TAJ group has also included Malvani cuisine in their menu. Below are some of the famous dishes/ sweets are Malvani

  • Kombadi vade (Puris made of rice atta)
  • Ghavane – Ras
  • Amboli – Usual
  • Shirvale
  • Dhondas
  • All types of fry fishes and fish curries in Malvani masala
  • Solkadi
  • Khaprolya
  • Ukadiche Modak in Malvani style
  • Nhevre
  • Olya Kajuchi Usual
  • Pitla Bhat with Suko Bangdo
  • Ukdya Tandlachi Pej with Narlacha khobra

Mango is a major factor to the life of Sindhudurg. Varieties of Alphonso Mango (हापुस आंबा ) from Devgad are particularly popular. Other varieties of mango: Mankur (मानकुर), Pāyari (पायरी) and Karel (करेल – used for preparing Mango Pickle) are also popular for their distinct taste.

The Malvani cuisine also has many vegetarian dishes, including garyache sandan, pickle of karmal, bimble, amba halad, karadichi bhakri, kanyacha sanja, appe, ghavan, dalimichi usual, and kaju usual, Raiwal Ambyacha Rayta, Yelapp.

Places of attraction[edit]

Beaches[edit]

  • Redi
  • Shiroda
  • Tarkarli
  • Malvan
  • Vijaydurg
  • Rameshwar
  • Kotharwadi Beach, Girye
  • Velagar
  • Bhogve
  • Nivati (Mhapan – Taluka Vengurle)
  • Khavne (Mhapan – Taluka Vengurle)
  • Kondura (Dabholi – Taluka Vengurle)
  • Devbaug (Malvan)
  • Waingani (aachra)
  • Sagareshwar (Vengurle)
  • Aachra (Malvan)
  • Mochemad, Aravali(Vengurle)
  • Mithbaon (Devgad)
  • Chivla, Rajkot (Malvan)
  • Bhogve (Vengurle) – you can see this beach in famous marathi movie 'Shwaas'

Sindhudurg Guide[edit]

Sindhudurg Tour Guide Pvt Ltd is an innovative initiative launched to boost tourism in Sindhudurg district. The organisation trains youth from local communities to take various self-employment opportunities in tourism industry. These trainees are later motivated to run businesses like tourist guides, tour operators, travel agency, rental cars, home stays, agro tourism, water sports and village tourism. More details about this initiatives can be found on www.sindhudurgguide.com.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Sindhudurg district has a population of 848,868,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Qatar[4] or the US state of South Dakota.[5] This gives it a ranking of 474th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 163 inhabitants per square kilometre (420/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was -2.3%.[2] Sindhudurg has a sex ratio of 1037 females for every 1000 males which is second highest in Maharashtra,[2] and a literacy rate of 86.54%.[2]

Divisions[edit]

The 8 talukas of this district are Devgad, Kankavli, Malvan, Kudal, Savantwadi, Vengurla and Dodamarg and Vaibhavwadi.

There are 3 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district. These are Kankavli, Sawantwadi and Kudal. All of these are part of the Ratnagiri-Sindhudurg Lok Sabha constituency.[6]

Transportation[edit]

The Sindudurg district is connected to state capital Mumbai by road through National Highway 17 ( NH-17 ) which is now renumbered as NH-66.[7] This highway also connects district to neighbouring state Goa and Karnataka also. There are regular MSRTC and private luxury buses connecting to adjoining cities like Kolhapur (110 km away from Kanakavli City), Belgaum (90 km away from Sawantwadi City), Panaji – Goa (55 km away from Sawantwadi & Vengurle). Towns and major villages has good connectivity with Mumbai as major migrated population of district is located in Mumbai area. According to one source, there are roughly more than 120 luxury buses running daily towards Mumbai and suburbs. District is also well connected by Konkan railway to Mumbai, Thane,Goa and other parts of the country like Mangalore, Karwar Ernakulam, Thiruvananthapuram, Coimbatore, Tirunelveli, Hapa, Veraval, New Delhi, Jodhpur, Porbundar by Konkan Railway. The main railway stations on this route are Kudal, Kankavli and Sawantwadi. Many trains halt at these stations. The nearest airport is Dabolim Airport in Goa which is very close(80 kms) for cities like Sawantwadi, Kudal and Vengurle. New airport Sindhudurg Airport at Chipi-Parule is under construction.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindiamaps.net/page/India_WhizMap/IndiaMap.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Kunkeshwar Temple and Beach | Sindhudurg". Konkanonline.com. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. "Qatar 848,016 July 2011 est." 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. "South Dakota 814,180" 
  6. ^ Election Commission, Maharashtra – No. of Voters 1.8.2006
  7. ^ "NH in state renumbered". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  8. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/goa/Work-on-Chipi-airport-takes-off/articleshow/19534792.cms

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°04′58″N 72°50′00″E / 19.082823°N 72.833443°E / 19.082823; 72.833443