Singapore Airlines Cargo
|Secondary hubs||Amsterdam Airport Schiphol|
|Parent company||Singapore Airlines Limited|
Singapore Airlines Cargo (abbreviated as SIA Cargo) is a cargo airline based in Singapore. It is a subsidiary of Singapore Airlines and was incorporated in 2001. SIA Cargo operates 13 freighters and manages the bellyhold of all Singapore Airlines aircraft. Its head office is in the Fifth Floor of the SATS Airfreight Terminal 5 at Singapore Changi Airport.
SIA Cargo's warehouse in Singapore, dubbed SIA Superhub 1, was opened in 1995. This warehouse is capable of handling up to 450,000 tonnes of goods a year. In 2001, the SIA Superhub 2 was opened which increased the capacity to over 1,200,000 tonnes per year.
SIA Cargo is part of the WOW Alliance, which also includes SAS Cargo Group and, formerly, JAL Cargo and Lufthansa Cargo, as members. The airline owns a 25% stake in Great Wall Airlines and a 16% stake in China Cargo Airlines.
In July 1992, Singapore Airlines created a cargo division to complement its passenger-carrying business. However, it was not until 1 July 2001, when Singapore Airlines Cargo was incorporated, taking over the air-freight operations of Singapore Airlines as a separate subsidiary. SIA Cargo leased the entire freighter fleet from Singapore Airlines, as well as taking over management of the cargo holds in all of Singapore Airlines' passenger aircraft. Within a few months, it entered an alliance with Lufthansa Cargo and SAS Cargo Group to form WOW Alliance on 1 October 2001.
Securerider, a premium product for secured shipments was launched on 7 January 2002, including services such as Swiftrider, Timerider and Coolrider targeting general shipments, heavy shipments, and temperature-sensitive cargo, respectively.
The airline garnered its first award as an all-cargo airline by winning the "Best Global Air Cargo Carrier" and "Best Air Cargo Carrier - Asia" at the Asian Freight Industry Awards (AFIA) in 2002, an award the parent company, Singapore Airlines, had already won eight times consecutively. It was named as the "Best Airfreight Carrier" in the inaugural Hong Kong-based Asia Logistics Awards in the same year.
New routes were introduced in the next few years as the airline began to take advantage of liberalised aviation agreements. A round-the-world service was introduced on 31 October 2001, flying from Singapore to Hong Kong, Dallas, Chicago, Brussels, Sharjah, and back to Singapore on Wednesdays, and on the Singapore, Hong Kong, Dallas, Chicago, Brussels, Mumbai, Singapore route on Fridays. It became the first third-country freighter airline to fly direct between China and the United States on 22 May 2003 when flights commenced from Singapore to Xiamen, Nanjing and onwards to Chicago. Return flights are operated from Chicago and Los Angeles to Nanjing.
In December 2008, Singapore Airlines Cargo was alleged by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission for price fixing cartels in the air cargo industry. The ACCC accused Singapore Airlines Cargo of fixing the price of a fuel surcharge and a security surcharge that was applied to air cargo to and from Australia. Singapore Airlines Cargo is the third airline to be the targeted for fuel surcharge price fixing.
In May 2010, Singapore Airlines was fined by the Fair Trade Commission (South Korea) for conspiring to introduce fuel surcharges for freight cargoes or continued to raise them over the past seven years. Singapore Airlines Cargo released a statement saying that they are "very disappointed" and "will study the decision closely with a serious view towards mounting an appeal" once they receive the Commission's full reasoning.
In November 2010, the European Commission fined Singapore Airlines Cargo 74.8 million euros for its involvement in a global cartel that included ten other carriers. The Commission found that the carriers—including SIA, Japan Airlines, Qantas, Air Canada, Air France-KLM, and British Airways—had fixed fuel and security surcharges for more than six years. Singapore Airlines Cargo said it would likely appeal the ruling.
On 30 November 2010, Singapore Airlines Cargo pleaded guilty to a US$48 million fine imposed by the U.S. Department of Justice for its role in a conspiracy to fix cargo rates since February 2002, until at least 14 February 2006. Singapore Airlines Cargo's price fixing is in violation of the Sherman Act, which carries a maximum fine for corporations of US$100 million.
Singapore Airlines Cargo operates 600 dedicated weekly cargo flights to 72 destinations in 36 countries, of which 17 are served by both Singapore Airlines passenger aircraft and SIA Cargo aircraft. The nine destinations that have scheduled cargo service but do not receive service from Singapore Airlines passenger aircraft are: Atlanta, Brussels, Chicago, Dallas/Fort Worth, Lagos, Nairobi, Nanjing, Sharjah and Xiamen. Sharjah and Amsterdam, and in a lesser extent Brussels are hubs for the Middle Eastern and European regions respectively.
Additionally, as SIA Cargo manages the cargo holds of all Singapore Airlines passenger aircraft, the company offers cargo product services to all destinations on the Singapore Airlines passenger network.
When incorporated in 2001, all nine Singapore Airlines' Boeing 747 freighters were transferred to the new cargo start-up at market value, and henceforth, all new freighter purchases were to be made from the new company's books. All cargo-hold spaces in the Singapore Airlines' passenger planes are also managed by the new company.
SIA Cargo operates 11 Boeing 747-400Fs and 2 Boeing 747-400BCFs. The Boeing 747-400 freighters have a maximum payload of 112 tonnes and a maximum range of 8,230 km. They feature typical capabilities such as front loading from the nose, temperature control and pressure-regulation systems. Despite the increase in payload offered by the Boeing 747-8 Freighter, which can carry up to 140 tonnes of cargo, SIA Cargo has announced that there are no plans to acquire them. According to the then CEO Chew Choon Seng of Singapore Airlines, “We (Singapore Airlines) are not convinced about the additional expenditure that would be needed to renew the freighter fleet with 747-8 freighters, when the tradeoffs in terms of operating efficiency is rather marginal, in our view. So we do not need that."
Due to the financial crisis in the late 2000s, there was a drop in global demand for freight. SIA Cargo parked a freighter at Southern California Logistics Airport in Victorville, California from January 2009 until January 2010 to reduce capacity.
In addition, the company manages the cargo holds of Singapore Airlines' and Scoot's passengers aircraft. These offer a cargo capacity of 9-23 tonnes per plane depending on aircraft type.
As of 30 November 2013, the Singapore Airlines Cargo fleet consists of the following aircraft:
|Aircraft||In Service||Orders||Cargo capacity|
|Boeing 747-400BCF||2||—||112,000 kg|
|Boeing 747-400F||11||—||112,000 kg|
- "About Us". Singapore Airlines Cargo.
- "List of Aircraft on Singapore Register". CAAS.
- "Singapore Air Operators." (Archive) Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore. Retrieved on 31 October 2012. "05J, SATS Airfreight Terminal 5, 30 Airline Road, Singapore 819830"
- "Directory: World airlines." Flight Global. 30 March-5 April 2004. p. 68. "5th Floor, Core L, SATS Airfreight Terminal 5, 30 Airline Road, Singapore, Singapore"
- All Freight Solutions - SIngapore Airlines Retrieved 2 October 2013
- "Lufthansa Cargo, SAS Cargo and Singapore Airlines Cargo - Alliance Enters the Market" (Press release). Singapore Airlines Cargo. 26 September 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
- "Singapore Airlines Cargo Launches Securerider" (Press release). Singapore Airlines Cargo. 7 January 2002. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
- "Singapore Airlines Cargo Wins Again At Asian Freight Industry Award" (Press release). Singapore Airlines Cargo. 14 March 2002. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
- "Singapore Airlines Cargo Wins Top Logistics Award" (Press release). Singapore Airlines Cargo. 29 November 2002. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
- "DFW Welcome Singapore Airlines Cargo" (Press release). Singapore Airlines Cargo. 31 October 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
- "Singapore Airlines Cargo Commences Direct China-US services" (Press release). Singapore Airlines Cargo. 22 May 2003. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
- "ACCC institutes proceedings against Singapore Airlines Cargo Pte Ltd for alleged price-fixing" (Press release). Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "South Korea fines airlines". Air Cargo News. 27 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- "Singapore Airlines Cargo dismayed by FTC fine" (Press release). Singapore Business Review. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- Kaur, Karamjit (10/11/10). "SIA Cargo to appeal ruling". Strait Times. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
- "SINGAPORE AIRLINES CARGO PTE LTD. AGREES TO PLEAD GUILTY TO PRICE FIXING ON AIR CARGO SHIPMENTS" (Press release). Washington: U.S. Department of Justice. 30/11/10. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
- "SIA accepts US$48m fine". Washington: Strait Times. 1/12/10. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
- "SIA to phase out passenger 747s by 2011 and rejects 747-8F" (Press release). Flight Global. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
- "Global air cargo demand 16.5% below June 2008 level". airportwatch.
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