Singapore Broadcasting Corporation

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Singapore Broadcasting Corporation (SBC)
Type Public Broadcasting Department of Singapore
Ministry of Information
Radio
Television
Country Singapore
First air date
1 February 1980
Availability Nationwide
Founded 1 February 1980
Broadcast area
Singapore
Johor, Malaysia
Riau Islands Province, Indonesia
Owner Government of Singapore
Launch date
1 February 1980
Dissolved 30 September 1994
SBC-5
SBC-8
SBC-12
Group Radio
Television

Singapore Broadcasting Corporation (Abbreviation: SBC; Singapore Mandarin: 新加坡广播局 (Abbreviation: 新广); Malaysian: Perbadanan Penyiaran Singapura; Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் ஒலிபரப்புக் கழகம) was a partially privatised mass market media conglomeration, which dominated the television and radio broadcasting industry in Singapore during its existence. Prior to the liberalisation of the broadcasting industry, SBC holds a virtual monopoly in Singapore in the broadcasting industry. SBC emerged on 1 February 1980 from the former government owned Radio and Television of Singapore (RTS) on 15 February 1963.

SBC had since became the Television Corporation of Singapore (TCS), Radio Corporation of Singapore (RCS) and Singapore Television Twelve (STV12) under a privatisation exercise on 1 October 1994 and subsequently MediaCorp TV owner by MediaCorp on 12 February 2001 after the Singapore International Media (SIM Group of Companies) based parent by Singapore International Television (SIM) becomes the Media Corporation of Singapore (MediaCorp Singapore) on 1 January 1999.

History[edit]

Timeline[edit]

Singapore Broadcasting Corporation (1980–1994)[edit]

With the passing of an Act of Parliament and after much public effort, Radio and Television of Singapore (RTS) was partially privatised and given autonomy and flexibility in its lineup of programmes and handling issues such as personnel, finance and production. Radio and Television of Singapore (RTS) became Singapore Broadcasting Corporation (SBC) was officially exclusive largest ambassador names David Gabriel on 1 February 1980 was audio voice reading declarations inaugurated ambassador names : "'Good Evening, From Tomorrow, Radio and Television of Singapore (before earlier former names) -to becomes- Singapore Broadcasting Corporation (replaced after completed born names) abbreviation change of name "SBC" took over all mass media conglomerate form Radio and Television services.'".

Immediately after the partial privatisation, the company managed breakthroughs that were hitherto impossible due to the direct influence of the Ministry of Culture.

On 25 July 1982, Singapore Broadcasting Corporation (SBC) produced its first local drama for SBC-8. SBC also produced various awarding-winning documentaries and current affairs talk shows but were criticised for their marginalised broadcast of news and current affairs, carrying news that are supporting the common misconceptions that are much silenced.

On 31 January 1984, SBC launched Singapore's third free-to-air terrestrial television channel, SBC-12 after the government announced its life to nurture a gracious and elegant society. Channel 12 carried mostly art and cultural programmes marking the inception of niche programming.

Due to the lack of proper theatre school at that time, a drama training course was initiated to scout for local Mandarin-speaking talent and ten batches of young artistes were trained Notable graduates of the course include Zeng Huifen, Xiang Yun, Edmund Chen,[1] Terence Cao, Bryan Chan (Chen Guohua), Jimmy Nah (MC King),[2] Pan Lingling, Huang Biren and Cynthia Koh. A training programme for young children and teenagers starring in children's programmes was also started and early trainees included Fann Wong, Bryan Wong[3] and Dennis Chew. With the initiation of Star Search Singapore in 1988 and more tertiary institutions and schools offering drama courses, these training courses were eventually discontinued.

Television Corporation of Singapore (1994–2001)[edit]

The Singapore Broadcasting Corporation (SBC) was privatised on 1 October 1994, and SBC's operations were split into 3 individual companies under the Singapore International Media (SIM Group of Companies) banner. Television Corporation of Singapore (TCS) and Singapore Television Twelve (STV12) took over SBC's television-broadcasting operations and Radio Corporation of Singapore (RCS) took over SBC's radio-broadcasting operations.

On 27 September 1995 at midnight, Fifth Frequency and Eighth Frequency began 24 hour transmission, while Malay and Tamil programmes (previously aired on Fifth Frequency and Eighth Frequency, respectively) were moved to Twelfth Frequency such as: Prime 12 (later Suria) and Premiere 12 (later Central) programming.

Milestones[edit]

Before 1 February 1980, Singapore Broadcasting Corporation was formerly known as:

  • Radio Singapore (1 January 1957 - 15 September 1963)
  • Television Singapore (16 February 1963 - 30 December 1963)Head of Broadcasting Mr. John Duclos.

Inauguration of Television Singapore was by Mr. P Rajaratnam Minister of Culture Singapore

Important events[edit]

Year Date Event
1980 31 January RTS hosted a closing ceremony before ceasing transmission. It was officially dissolved by David Gabriel, the voice of announcements.

[4][5]

1980 1 February RTS becomes the Singapore Broadcasting Corporation, launched by an Act of Parliament that provided it with greater autonomy and flexibility in personnel, financial and production matters.

[6]

1980 2 January The Permanent Secretary (Culture), Cheng Tong Fatt, was appointed as SBC's General Manager and Wong-Lee Siok Tin. The former Director of Broadcasting, its Deputy General Manager. Mr Ong Teng Cheong, who would later be Singapore's first directly elected president, became SBC's first board chairman.
1980 3 February Rolling off the presses for the very first time in 1980, the Radio Times and TVTimes became an important source of weekly radio and television programme schedules for Singapore. First published in Singapore English and Singapore Mandarin, these magazines also served up local and international entertainment news and trivia. They have grown to be today's best-selling 8 Days and i-Weekly magazines.
1980 11 August SBC 5 officially launched its afternoon broadcasts after intermissions were abolished.
1982 25 July SBC hosted Singapore's first locally produced Mandarin television drama, Seletar Robbery, marking the birth of the Singapore Mandarin drama production industry.
1984 31 January SBC-12 was launched.
1984 6 February SBC was the first broadcaster to screen Singaporean blockbuster drama The Awakening and had the honour of hosting Singapore's momentous 25th National Day Parade.
1990 1 August SBC began stereo audio broadcasts on all radio and television channels in conjunction with the 1990 National Day Parade, to be broadcast in Stereo.
1993 1 December SBC launched the first international satellite television transmitter/receiver station on Caldecott Hill for the Singapore International Foundation's regional broadcast venture Singapore International Television (SITV).
1994 1 January SBC-5 was the first channel within the broadcaster to break away from their unified logo and ident, being replaced by the current logo that is currently in use since 1994 as well as the only full-fledged English channel. Due to this, Malay programmes were transferred to SBC 5 to SBC 12 so that they could increase more viewership. It was the first channel in the country to do so.
1994 1 February Radio Singapore International (RSI), the first international shortwave radio station, was launched. SBC-12 was also the next channel within the broadcaster to break away from their unified logo and ident and launched its channel's own logo and ident. Malay programmes were shown on this channel with culture, arts, documentary, children and sports programming by the following their sister channel SBC-5 relaunched as a full-fledged English channel.
1994 29 May SBC-8 was the first Chinese-Tamil channel to break away from their unified logo and ident. The channel launched their own channel's logo which lasted till 2001 when TCS was renamed as MediaCorp.
1994 August The premiere of AM Singapore on SBC-5.
1994 30 September SBC was ceased transmission on 1 October 1994 at 00:00 SST was renamed as Television Corporation of Singapore (TCS), Radio Corporation of Singapore (RCS) and Singapore Television Twelve (STV12) it was launched on 1 October 1994.[7]
1994 1 October SBC was privatised into a new holding company, Singapore International Media (SIM), to own Singapore's television and radio industry. It was divided into three companies: Television Corporation of Singapore (TCS), Radio Corporation of Singapore (RCS) and Singapore Television Twelve (STV12). TCS operated Channel 5 and Channel 8 while STV12 operated Channel 12.

Test card[edit]

List of channels[edit]

List of channels until closedown and dissolution on September 30, 1994.

Television[edit]

Singapore Broadcasting Corporation/新加坡广播局[edit]

SBC-5 (Fifth Frequency) logo before December 31, 1993
SBC-8 (Eighth Frequency) logo before May 27, 1994
SBC-12 (Twelfth Frequency) logo before January 31, 1994
1 February 1980-30 January 1984[edit]
  1. SBC-5/新广第5波道 (VHF on Channel 5 (175.250-MHz) – Both English and Malay Station (also known as 5th Frequency, currently Channel 5 and 120-kW ERP).
  2. SBC-8/新广第8波道 (VHF on Channel 8 (175.250-MHz)) – Both Chinese and Tamil Station (also known as 8th Frequency, currently Channel 8 and 120-kW ERP).
31 January 1984-31 December 1993[edit]
  1. SBC-5/新广第5波道 (VHF on Channel 5 (175.250-MHz) – Both English and Malay Station (also known as 5th Frequency, currently Channel 5 and 120-kW ERP).
  2. SBC-8/新广第8波道 (VHF on Channel 8 (175.250-MHz)) – Both Chinese and Tamil Station (also known as 8th Frequency, currently Channel 8 and 120-kW ERP).
  3. SBC-12/新广第12波道 (VHF on Channel 12 (224.250-MHz) – Both English Station (also known as 12th Frequency, currently Channel 12 and 120-kW ERP).
1 January-30 September 1994[edit]
  1. SBC-5/新广第5波道 (VHF on Channel 5 (175.250-MHz) – Both English Station (also known as 5th Frequency, currently Channel 5 and 120-kW ERP).
  2. SBC-8/新广第8波道 (VHF on Channel 8 (175.250-MHz)) – Both Chinese and Tamil Station (also known as 8th Frequency, currently Channel 8 and 120-kW ERP).
  3. SBC-12/新广第12波道 (VHF on Channel 12 (224.250-MHz) – Both English and Malay Station (also known as 12th Frequency, currently Channel 12 and 120-kW ERP).

Radio[edit]

Singapore Broadcasting Corporation/新加坡广播局[edit]

1 February 1980 - 31 December 1988[edit]
  1. SBC Radio 1/新广第1广播网 (FM on 90.5-MHz) – English radio station (currently Gold 90.5FM).
  2. SBC Radio 2/新广第2广播网 (FM on 94.2-MHz) – Malay radio station (currently Warna 94.2FM).
  3. SBC Radio 3/新广第3广播网 (FM on 95.8-MHz) – Chinese radio station (currently Capital 95.8FM).
  4. SBC Radio 4/新广第4广播网 (FM on 96.8-MHz) – Tamil radio station (currently Oli 96.8FM).
  5. SBC Radio 5/新广第5广播网 (FM on 92.4-MHz) – Classical Music Station (currently Symphony 92.4FM).
1 January 1989 - 31 December 1989[edit]
  1. SBC Radio 1/新广第1广播网 (FM on 90.5-MHz) – English (currently Gold 90.5FM).
  2. SBC Radio 2/新广第2广播网 (FM on 94.2-MHz) – Malay (currently Warna 94.2FM).
  3. SBC Radio 3/新广第3广播网 (FM on 95.8-MHz) – Chinese (currently Capital 95.8FM).
  4. SBC Radio 4/新广第4广播网 (FM on 96.8-MHz) – Tamil (currently Oli 96.8FM).
  5. SBC Radio 5/新广第5广播网 (FM on 92.4-MHz) – Classical Music Station (currently Symphony 92.4FM).
  6. Perfect 10 98.7FM (FM on 98.7-MHz) – Singapore's first 24-hour English music radio station (currently 987FM).
1 January 1990-30 November 1990[edit]
  1. SBC Radio 1/新广第1广播网 (FM on 90.5-MHz) – Both English Station (currently Gold 90.5FM).
  2. SBC Radio 2/新广第2广播网 (FM on 94.2-MHz) – Both Malay Station (currently Warna 94.2FM).
  3. SBC Radio 3/新广第3广播网 (FM on 95.8-MHz) – Both Chinese Station (currently Capital 95.8FM).
  4. SBC Radio 4/新广第4广播网 (FM on 96.8-MHz) – Both Tamil Station (currently Oli 96.8FM).
  5. SBC Radio 5/新广第5广播网 (FM on 92.4-MHz) – Both Classical Music Station (currently Symphony 92.4FM).
  6. Perfect 10 98.7FM (FM on 98.7-MHz) – Both English Station (currently 987FM).
  7. Class 95FM (FM on 95.0-MHz) – Both English Station.
  8. 93.3FM/933醉心频道 (FM on 93.3-MHz) – Both Chinese Station (currently Y.E.S. 93.3FM).
1 December 1990-15 November 1991[edit]
  1. SBC Radio 1/新广第1广播网 (FM on 90.5-MHz) – Both English Station (currently Gold 90.5FM).
  2. SBC Radio 2/新广第2广播网 (FM on 94.2-MHz) – Both Malay Station (currently Warna 94.2FM).
  3. SBC Radio 3/新广第3广播网 (FM on 95.8-MHz) – Both Chinese Station (currently Capital 95.8FM).
  4. SBC Radio 4/新广第4广播网 (FM on 96.8-MHz) – Both Tamil Station (currently Oli 96.8FM).
  5. SBC Radio 5/新广第5广播网 (FM on 92.4-MHz) – Both Classical Music Station (currently Symphony 92.4FM).
  6. Perfect 10 98.7FM (FM on 98.7-MHz) – Both English Station (currently 987FM).
  7. Class 95FM (FM on 95.0-MHz) – Both English Station.
  8. 93.3FM/933醉心频道 (FM on 93.3-MHz) – Both Chinese Station (currently Y.E.S. 93.3FM).
  9. Ria 89.7FM (FM on 89.7-MHz) – Both Malay Station.
16 November-15 December 1991[edit]
  1. SBC Radio 1/新广第1广播网 (FM on 90.5-MHz) – Both English Station (currently Gold 90.5FM).
  2. Warna 94.2FM (FM on 89.7-MHz) – Both Malay Station.
  3. SBC Radio 3/新广第3广播网 (FM on 95.8-MHz) – Both Chinese Station (currently Capital 95.8FM).
  4. SBC Radio 4/新广第4广播网 (FM on 96.8-MHz) – Both Tamil Station (currently Oli 96.8FM).
  5. Symphony 92.4FM (FM on 92.4-MHz) – Both Classical Music Station.
  6. Perfect 10 98.7FM (FM on 98.7-MHz) – Both English Station (currently 987FM).
  7. Class 95FM (FM on 95.0-MHz) – Both English Station.
  8. 93.3FM/933醉心频道 (FM on 93.3-MHz) – Both Chinese Station (currently Y.E.S. 93.3FM).
  9. Ria 89.7FM (FM on 89.7-MHz) – Both Malay Station.
16 December 1991 - 22 September 1994[edit]
  1. SBC Radio 1/新广第1广播网 ([FM on 90.5-MHz) – English radio station broadcasting from 6:00am to 1:00am (currently Gold 90.5FM).
  2. Warna 94.2FM (FM on 89.7-MHz) – Malay radio station broadcasting from 4:45am to 2:00am.
  3. City Sounds 95.8FM/958城市频道 (FM on 95.8-MHz) – Chinese radio station broadcasting from 6:00am to 12:00midnight. (currently known as Capital 95.8FM).
  4. Olikkalanjiam 96.8FM (FM on 96.8-MHz) – Tamil radio station broadcasting from 5:00am to 2:00am (currently known as Oli 96.8FM).
  5. FM 92.4 (FM on 92.4-MHz) – Classical Music Station (currently known as Symphony 92.4 FM).
  6. Perfect 10 98.7FM (FM on 98.7-MHz) – English Station (currently 987FM).
  7. Class 95FM (FM on 95.0-MHz) – English Classic Hits Station.
  8. 93.3FM/933醉心频道 (FM on 93.3-MHz) – Singapore's first 24-hour Chinese music station targeting the Chinese youth listerners. (currently Y.E.S. 93.3FM).
  9. Ria 89.7FM (FM on 89.7-MHz) – Malay radio station targeting the Malay youth listeners. The first station to play both Malay & English songs.
23 - 30 September 1994[edit]
  1. SBC Radio 1/新广第1广播网 (FM on 90.5-MHz) – English radio station (currently Gold 90.5FM).
  2. Warna 94.2FM (FM on 89.7-MHz) – Malay radio station.
  3. 95.8FM/958城市频道 (FM on 95.8-MHz) – Chinese radio station (currently Capital 95.8FM).
  4. Olikkalanjiam 96.8FM (FM on 96.8-MHz) – Tamil radio station (currently Oli 96.8FM).
  5. Symphony 92.4FM (FM on 92.4-MHz) – Classical Music Station.
  6. Perfect 10 98.7FM (FM on 98.7-MHz) – Singapore's first 24-hour English Music radio station (currently 987FM).
  7. Class 95FM (FM on 95.0-MHz) – English Classic Hits Station.
  8. 93.3FM/933醉心频道 (FM on 93.3-MHz) – First 24-hour Chinese radio station (currently Y.E.S. 93.3FM).
  9. Ria 89.7FM (FM on 89.7-MHz) – Malay music radio station.
  10. 97.2FM/972最爱频道 (FM on 97.2-MHz) – Second 24-hour Chinese music radio station (currently Love 97.2FM).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Celeb couple's son makes acting debut". AsiaOne. 27 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "Celebrity-studded farewell for 'MC King'". AsiaOne. 7 January 2008. 
  3. ^ "王禄江:我的50岁退休大计…". 4 July 2006日. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Good Evening, From Tommorow, RADIO AND TELEVISION OF SINGAPORE (before earlier former names) -to becomes- SINGAPORE BROADCASTING CORPORATION (replaced after completed born names) abbreviation change of name "SBC" took over all mass media congromelate form Radio and Television services.
  5. ^ RADIO TELEVISION SINGAPORE Today's Radio and Television Programme Scheludes on January 31, 1980 was closing ceremony final broadcasting (off-air) ceased transmission
  6. ^ SINGAPORE BROADCASTING CORPORATION Today's Radio and Television Programme Scheludes on February 1, 1980 was opening ceremony started broadcasting (on-air) officially inaugurated transmission
  7. ^ The privatisation of SBC saw the formation of three companies with its television and radio businesses coming under the purview of Television Corporation of Singapore (TCS), Radio Corporation of Singapore (RCS) & Singapore Television Twelve (STV12) including: STV12 operated Channel 12 is an English programmes showcased culture, art, children and sports while of Malay programmes showcased variety, lifestyle and entertainment while TCS operated Channel 5 is an English channel and Channel 8 is a Chinese channel with Tamil programmes respectively.

External links[edit]