Singapore Changi Airport

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"Changi Airport" redirects here. For Changi Air Base (West) & RAF Changi, see Changi Air Base.
Singapore Changi Airport
Lapangan Terbang Changi Singapura
新加坡樟宜机场
(Xīnjiāpō Zhāngyí Jīchǎng)

சிங்கப்பூர் சாங்கி
சர்வதேச விமானநிலையம் 
(Ciṅkappūr Cāṅki Vimana Nilaiyam)
Singapore Changi Airport logo.png
Aerial view of Singapore Changi Airport and Changi Air Base - 20110523.jpg
IATA: SINICAO: WSSS
WMO: 48698
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Singapore[1]
Operator Changi Airport Group (S) Pte Ltd
Serves Singapore
Location Changi, East Region
Opened 1 July 1981 (operational)
29 December 1981 (official)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 22 ft
Coordinates 01°21′33″N 103°59′22″E / 1.35917°N 103.98944°E / 1.35917; 103.98944Coordinates: 01°21′33″N 103°59′22″E / 1.35917°N 103.98944°E / 1.35917; 103.98944
Website

www.changiairport.com

www.changiairportgroup.com
Map
SIN/WSSS is located in Singapore
SIN/WSSS
SIN/WSSS
Location in Singapore
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02L/20R[N 1] 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
02C/20C 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
02R/20L[N 2] 2,750 9,022 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passenger Movements 54,091,802
Air freight movements in tonnes 1,879,918
Aircraft movements 341,400
Sources: Changi Airport Group Website[2]

Singapore Changi Airport (IATA: SINICAO: WSSS), or simply Changi Airport, is the primary civilian airport in the Republic of Singapore, and one of the largest transportation hubs in Southeast Asia and the greater India region.Current World's Best Airport(Skytrax 2013,2014 and 2015).It is located approximately 17.2 kilometres (10.7 mi) northeast[3] from the commercial centre in Changi, on a 13-square-kilometre (5.0 sq mi) site. The airport, operated by Changi Airport Group and it is the home base of Singapore Airlines, Singapore Airlines Cargo, SilkAir, Scoot, Tigerair and Jetstar Asia Airways.

Background[edit]

Changi Airport serves more than 100 airlines flying to some 300 cities in about 80 countries and territories worldwide. Each week, about 6,500 flights land or depart from Changi, with more than 54.1 million passengers passing through the airport in 2014.[2]

Changi Airport has three passenger terminals with a total annual handling capacity of 66 million passengers. Terminal 1 opened in 1981, followed by Terminal 2 in 1990 and Terminal 3 in 2008. The Budget Terminal, opened on 26 March 2006 and closed on 25 September 2012, will make way for Terminal 4 which will be ready by 2017.[4] Changi Airport Terminal 5 is set to be ready in mid-2020s which will be able to handle 50 million passenger movements per annum .[5]

In 2014, the airport handled 54.1 million passengers, a 0.75% increase over the previous year. This made it the fifth busiest airport by international passenger traffic in the world[6] and the second busiest in Asia by international passenger traffic in 2013. Changi's daily record was broken on 21 December 2013, the Saturday before Christmas Day, with 191,800 passengers passing through the 24 hours. In addition to being an important passenger hub, the airport is one of the busiest cargo airports in the world, handling 1.85 million tonnes of cargo in 2013. The total number of commercial aircraft movements was 343,800 in 2012.[7]

The airport has won over 470 awards since 1981, including 30 "Best Airport" awards in 2013.[8] Changi Airport's efforts to mitigate the effects of ageing infrastructure include continual physical upgrades to its existing terminals and building new facilities to maintain its reputation for setting standards in airport service quality.[7]

Airline Operations[edit]

Operational statistics
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
(tonnes)
Aircraft
movements
1998 23,803,180 1,283,660 165,242
1999 26,064,645 1,500,393 165,961
2000 28,618,200 1,682,489 173,947
2001 28,093,759 1,507,062 179,359
2002 28,979,344 1,637,797 174,820
2003 24,664,137 1,611,407 154,346
2004 30,353,565 1,775,092 184,932
2005 32,430,856 1,833,721 204,138
2006 35,033,083 1,931,881 214,000
2007 36,701,556 1,918,159 221,000
2008 37,694,824 1,883,894 232,000
2009 37,203,978 1,633,791 240,360
2010 42,038,777 1,813,809 263,593
2011 46,500,000 1,870,000 301,700
2012 51,181,804 1,806,225 324,722
2013 53,726,087 1,850,233 343,800
2014 54,091,802 1,879,818 341,400

Passenger operations[edit]

As all passenger traffic out of the airport is international in nature, the four major terminals in operation are equipped with immigration-processing facilities for international travel.

After recovering from a drop in passenger traffic as a result of the September 11 attacks in 2001, the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in 2003, the airport saw rapid growth in traffic which hit the 30-million mark for the first time a year later in 2004. In March 2008 and prior to the full effect of the financial crisis of 2007–2010 on the global economy, the airport predicted that it will handle 50 million passengers by 2012,[9] with increases due to the opening of casinos in Singapore, together with the phased liberalisation of the Asean aviation sector. The airport surpassed the 46-million mark for the first time in 2011.[7]

For the last set of full-year figures published by the airport, it handled 53,726,087 passengers in 2013, a 5% increase as compared to the previous year.[7] The airport recorded its busiest month in December 2013 (5.12 million) and its busiest day on 21 December 2013 with 191,800 passengers handled.[7]

53,726,087 passengers passed through Changi Airport in 2013.[10] It also handled more than 64 million bags. Lined up, they form the circumference of the Earth.[11]

Key markets[edit]

The LCC market in the airport expanded rapidly since the opening of the Budget Terminal. The terminal handled about 657,000 passengers by 26 October 2006, six months after its opening in March. LCC flights in Changi constituted 11.3% of total flights in October 2006 compared to 9.6% in April the same year.[12] The terminal handled its one-millionth passenger at the end of 2006.[13] A monthly record of 4.53 million passengermovements was registered in December 2011, which marks an increase of 11.4% compared to December 2010. On 17 December 2011, Changi has also set a new record of 165,000 passengermovements in the day. In 2011, LCCs accounted for about 25% of passengers carried (compared to 22.4% in 2009) and 28.6% of flight movements (26.3% in 2009).[7]

In 2010 Indonesia was the largest market for Singapore Changi Airport with 5 million passengers.[14]

Passenger airlines[edit]

Qantas and Singapore Airlines Airbus A380s at Changi (2011).
Scoot Boeing 777-212ER
Singapore Airlines & Silkair
Airlines Destinations Terminal
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Langkawi, Miri, Penang 1
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu 1
Air France Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air India Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai 2
Air India Express Chennai, Tiruchirappalli 2
Air Koryo Charter: Pyongyang
Air Mauritius Mauritius[Note 1] 1
Air New Zealand Auckland 3
Air Niugini Port Moresby 1
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita 2
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 3
Bangkok Airways Koh Samui 1
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka 1
British Airways London-Heathrow, Sydney 1
Cathay Pacific Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong 1
Cebu Pacific Cebu, Clark, Iloilo, Manila 2
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Surabaya, Taipei-Taoyuan 1
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Shanghai-Pudong, Wuxi 3
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou 1
Delta Air Lines Tokyo-Narita 1
Druk Air Kolkata, Paro 1
Emirates Brisbane, Colombo, Dubai-International, Melbourne 1
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi, Brisbane (ends 31 May 2015)[15] 2
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan 1
Finnair Helsinki 1
Firefly Ipoh, Kuala Lumpur-Subang, Kuantan 2
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Surabaya 3
Hainan Airlines Haikou, Taiyuan 2
IndiGo Chennai 2
Indonesia AirAsia Bandung, Denpasar, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Semarang (temporarily suspended), Solo, Surabaya (temporarily suspended),[16] Yogyakarta 1
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita 1
Jet Airways Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai 3
Jetstar Airways Denpasar, Melbourne, Perth 1
Jetstar Asia Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Darwin, Denpasar, Fukuoka, Haikou, Hangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Medan, Osaka-Kansai, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Penang, Perth, Shantou, Siem Reap, Surabaya, Taipei-Taoyuan, Yangon 1
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Ho Chi Minh City 1
KLM Amsterdam, Denpasar 1
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 2
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang, Vientiane 2
Lion Air Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta 3
Lucky Air Lijiang[17] (ends 30 June 2015) 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt 2
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Miri 2
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur 3
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Ulaanbaatar[Note 2] 3
Myanmar Airways International Yangon 1
NokScoot Bangkok-Don Mueang[18] 2
Oman Air Kuala Lumpur, Muscat 3
Philippine Airlines Manila 1
Qantas Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth (resumes 26 June 2015),[19] Sydney 1
Qatar Airways Doha 3
Regent Airways Dhaka 1
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan 2
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh 3
Scoot Bangkok-Don Mueang, Gold Coast, Hong Kong, Kaohsiung (begins 9 July 2015),[20] Melbourne (begins 1 November 2015),[21] Nanjing, Osaka-Kansai (begins 9 July 2015),[20] Perth, Qingdao, Seoul-Incheon, Shenyang, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita 2
Shenzhen Airlines Shenzhen 1
SilkAir Balikpapan, Bandung, Bangalore, Cairns (begins 30 May 2015),[22] Cebu, Changsha, Chengdu, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Coimbatore, Da Nang, Darwin, Davao, Denpasar, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Hyderabad, Kalibo, Kathmandu, Kochi, Koh Samui, Kolkata, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Kunming, Langkawi, Lombok, Makassar, Manado, Mandalay, Medan, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Penang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Shenzhen, Semarang, Siem Reap, Surabaya, Thiruvananthapuram, Visakhapatnam, Wuhan, Xiamen, Yangon, Yogyakarta
Charter: Sanya (begins 16 June 2015), Sihanoukville (begins 1 June 2015)
2
SilkAir
operated for Air Timor
Dili 2
SilkAir
operated for Singapore Airlines
Bandar Seri Begawan 2
Singapore Airlines Ahmedabad, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cape Town, Chennai, Colombo, Denpasar, Delhi, Dhaka, Dubai-International, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Kolkata, Kuala Lumpur, Malé, Manila, Mumbai, Surabaya, Yangon 2
Singapore Airlines Adelaide, Amsterdam, Auckland, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Brisbane, Christchurch, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Istanbul-Atatürk, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manchester, Melbourne, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Perth, Rome-Fiumicino, São Paulo-Guarulhos, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita, Zürich
Seasonal: Athens, Sapporo-Chitose
3
SriLankan Airlines Colombo 3
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang, Krabi, Phuket 1
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 1
Tigerair Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Clark, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Denpasar, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hanoi, Haikou, Hat Yai, Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Hyderabad, Ipoh (begins 29 May 2015),[23] Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Kalibo, Kochi, Krabi, Kuala Lumpur, Langkawi, Macau, Malé, Manila, Nanning, Ningbo, Penang, Phuket, Shenzhen, Surabaya, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tiruchirapalli, Xi'an, Yangon 2
Tigerair Taiwan Taipei-Taoyuan 2
Transaero Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo 3
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 1
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Hong Kong, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles 3
Uzbekistan Airways Kuala Lumpur, Tashkent 1
VietJet Air Ho Chi Minh City 3
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Phu Quoc 3
Xiamen Air Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Xiamen 1
  1. ^ Air Mauritius flight from Mauritius to Singapore includes a stop-over at Kuala Lumpur. However, Air Mauritius does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Singapore and Kuala Lumpur.
  2. ^ MIAT Mongolian Airlines flight from Singapore to Ulanbaatar includes a stop-over at Beijing. However, MIAT Mongolian Airlines does not have rights to transport passengers solely between Singapore and Beijing.

Cargo[edit]

Singapore Airlines Cargo Boeing 747-400F (9V-SFL) Taking Off

The Air Cargo Division of the Changi Airport Group manages the Changi Airfreight Centre[24] located in the north of the airport premises.[25] The airport handled 1.81 million tonnes of air cargo in 2012, making it the 7th-busiest airfreight hub in the world and the fifth-busiest in Asia.[26] Due to Singapore's large electronics sector, electrical components constitute a significant part of the total cargo traffic handled at the airport, although it has initiated attempts to diversify into the perishable air cargo market.

In 2014, Changi Airport handled 1,843,799 tonnes of freight which is about the weight of about five and a half Empire State Buildings.

Air Cargo World awarded Changi Airport the 2013 Air Cargo Excellence Award for airports handling more than 1,000,000 tonnes of cargo in Asia.[27]

Cargo airlines[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Hong Kong Hong Kong[28]
ANA Cargo Okinawa, Tokyo-Narita
Asiana Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hanoi, Penang, Seoul-Incheon
Cardig Air Balikpapan, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta[29]
Cargolux Anchorage, Baku, Chicago-O'Hare, Doha, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Penang
China Airlines Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Manila, Penang, Taipei-Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu, Shanghai-Pudong
DHL Aviation
operated by AeroLogic
Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi,[citation needed] Delhi,[citation needed] Leipzig/Halle[30]
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum,[31] Melbourne, Sydney
Etihad Cargo[32][33] Abu Dhabi, Brisbane, Sydney
EVA Air Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Penang, Taipei-Taoyuan[34]
FedEx Express Anchorage, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Memphis, Osaka-Kansai, Penang, Shanghai-Pudong, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong[35]
Korean Air Cargo Hanoi, Penang, Seoul-Incheon
Martinair Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dammam, Muscat,[36] Sharjah
Nippon Cargo Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Auckland, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hanoi,[37] Hong Kong, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Lagos, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Medan, Melbourne, Mumbai, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Nanjing, Sharjah, Sydney
TNT Airways Liège, Shanghai-Pudong
Transmile Air Services Kuala Lumpur, Labuan
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Balikpapan, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk, Karachi
UPS Airlines Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan

Based on CAPA, Susi Air operates to Singapore. Airlines with interest to operate to Singapore are Air Astana, Cambodia Angkor Air, Citilink, Jin Air and Yangon Airways.

Ground transportation[edit]

Changi Airport was built with ground-transportation considerations in mind from the onset, with the East Coast Parkway built and opened in tandem with the airport, providing a direct link to the city-centre. At a distance of about 20 km (12 mi), the expressway was built almost entirely on reclaimed land; thus, minimising disruptions to the existing road network in Singapore's East Coast.

While configured in a compact configuration such that the three main passenger terminal buildings are sited adjacent to each other, allowing for travellers to venture between terminals on foot, the Changi Airport Skytrain people-mover system was added to facilitate quicker and more convenient transfers. The system was upgraded in 2007 to Mitsubishi technology, connecting to Terminal 3 and separating checked-in passengers from the general public on distinct tracks.

Inter-Terminal Transportation[edit]

The Changi Airport Skytrain operates from 5.00 am to 2.30 am daily.

The Changi Airport Skytrain operates between Terminals 1, 2 and 3, with a total of seven stations. The trains have separate cars for air-side (transit) and land-side (public) passengers.

External connections[edit]

Mass Rapid Transit[edit]

Entrance to Changi Airport MRT station.

The airport is connected to the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) network, with Changi Airport MRT station located underground between Terminal 2 and Terminal 3 and directly accessible from both terminals. A direct, one-train service to the downtown and western parts of Singapore was initially in operation when the station opened on 8 February 2002 (then accessible only via Terminal 2). This was replaced by the current shuttle service between Changi Airport and Tanah Merah MRT stations on 22 July 2003,[38] when it was found that few passengers actually use this route, compared to the number of commuters who need to travel from the city to Tampines and Pasir Ris. Cross-platform transfers are therefore necessary at Tanah Merah to connect to the rest of the network.

Bus[edit]

Buses were one of the main methods of transport for passengers and staff until the opening of Changi Airport station. Services operated by SBS Transit and SMRT Buses uses the bus terminals in the basement level of the three main terminals, making a loop starting from Terminal 3 to Terminals 1, and 2, and back to their destination of origin.

Coaches to and from Johor Bahru are also available. The service will start at coach stands at Terminals 1, 2, 3 and end at Larkin Terminal.

There is also a free shuttle bus service plying between Changi Airport (T3) and Changi Business Park. This service is a 9-stop route, running from Mondays to Fridays, except public holidays.

Taxi[edit]

Taxis are available at the taxi stands at the arrival halls of each terminal. There is also an additional airport surcharge for all trips originating from the airport.

Safety and security[edit]

An Aetos auxiliary police officer controlling access to the transit area of Terminal 1. Such services are now provided by Certis CISCO.

The Changi Airport Group manages the overall safety and security of the airport. The Airport Management Division of the CAG manages the customer aspects of the airport's security, while the Aviation Security Unit oversees the airport's compliance with aviation security (AVSEC) policies, manages AVSEC-related projects.[25] Operationally, the airport's emergency and fire-fighting services are handled by the Airport Emergency Service Division of the CAG.[39] The AES handles all instances of rescue and fire-fighting within the airport premises as well as in surrounding waters through its specialists operating from two main fire stations, a Fire Sub-Station and a Sea Rescue Base around the airport.[40]

The airport's security comes under the regulatory purview of the Airport Police Division of the Singapore Police Force. The day to day discharge of security functions at the airport are performed by auxiliary police forces including Aetos Security Management, Certis CISCO and SATS Security Services, of which Aetos and SATS Security Services are affiliated to the ground handling companies of Dnata[41] and Singapore Airport Terminal Services respectively. On 29 April 2008, CAAS then signed its biggest single security contract for all airport related security services by engaging Certis CISCO to provide security services at Changi Airport, as well as Seletar Airport, Changi Airfreight Centre, and the Singapore Air Traffic Control Centre.[42] It involves the deployment of about 2,600 Certis Cisco personnel, including armed Auxiliary Police Officers and unarmed aviation security officers to perform tasks including screening checked baggage, controlling access to restricted areas, and screening passengers before they board their aircraft.[43]

Since the 11 September 2001 attacks and naming of the airport as a terrorism target by the Jemaah Islamiyah, the airport's security has been stepped up. Roving patrol teams consisting of SAF and SPF officers, armed with assault rifles or sub-machine guns, patrol the terminals at random intervals.[44] Officers from the Gurkha Contingent are also deployed to patrol the transit areas of the terminal buildings. These measures come at a cost partly borne by travellers in the form of a "passenger security service charge," imposed since 2002.[45]

In 2005 an upgrade in screening technology and rising security concerns led to luggage-screening processes being conducted behind closed-doors, as opposed to them being done just before check-in previously within public view. Carry-on luggage and persons screening are conducted at the individual departure gates, while check-in luggage are screened in the backrooms and secured before loading. A perimeter intrusion detection system for Changi Airport's perimeter fence has also been put in place to further strengthen security of the airfield. while a biometric access control system for staff movement has been put in place since 2006.[citation needed]

Changi Airport Group[edit]

Changi Airport Group (Singapore) (CAG), formed on 1 July 2009, is the operator of Singapore Changi Airport as well as Singapore Seletar Airport. Its role was previously undertaken by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS). The group's head office is located at Terminal 2 of Changi Airport.[46][47][48] CAG is headed by its Chief Executive Officer, Lee Seow Hiang, the former principal private secretary to Singapore's Minister Mentor, Lee Kuan Yew.[49] The chairman of the board of directors of CAG is headed by Liew Mun Leong, the former President and CEO of CapitaLand.[50] It was officially launched on 1 July 2009 at a formal launch ceremony by Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew.[51]

CAG was set up so that it could focus on the management, marketing and revenue collecting aspects of the airport, while the governmental organisation, CAAS, would be freed up to oversee the regulatory aspects of the airports and of aviation in Singapore.[49][52] Since the corporatisation of the Airport Operator, CAG has been wholly owned by the Ministry of Finance.[53]

Divisions[edit]

CAG is divided into the following divisions:

  • Airport Management – In charge of operational management, infrastructural maintenance, information technology, specialised airport systems, airport emergency service and aviation security. It is also responsible for safety management mechanisms, promoting safety awareness and marketing airport facilities to passengers.
  • Air Hub & Development – focuses on growing Changi as an air hub by supporting the growth of passenger and cargo airlines, and promoting passenger and cargo traffic.
  • Commercial – In charge of the functions of retail planning and development, management of shop, restaurant and service concessions, franchise fees, service performance, airport advertising, shopping promotions, land leases, airport charges and management of rentable properties.
  • Corporate – In charge of corporate communications, corporate development and international relations, corporate strategy and business development, economic affairs, human resources and legal affairs.
  • Engineering & Development – Oversees airport infrastructure and development projects, and maintains mechanical and electrical systems as well as civil engineering facilities at Changi and Seletar airports.
  • Finance – Manages revenue collection at Changi Airport.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Runway 02L is 4,000 m (13,000 ft) and 20R is 3,260 m (10,700 ft) with a displaced threshold of 740 m (2,430 ft). Thus aircraft landing on 20R will have to avoid touching down on the displaced threshold but may use it for departures.
  2. ^ Runway 02R/20L is currently restricted to the Republic of Singapore Air Force (see Changi Air Base). It will be extended for commercial use in the future.
Citations
  1. ^ The Official Site of. Changi Airport Group. Retrieved on 15 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Air Traffic Statistics". Changi Airport Group. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Aerodrome Geographical and Administrative Data, Services and Facilities and Meteorological Information and Runway Physical Characteristics
  4. ^ "Changi's Budget Terminal to make way for new and improved terminal". 
  5. ^ "Changi Airport's Terminal 5 ready in mid-2020s". Yahoo News Singapore. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "12 months". Aci.aero. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f A record 51 million passengers for Changi Airport in 2012.
  8. ^ "accolades - Changi Airport Group". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "Changi poised to handle 50 million passengers a year by 2012". Channelnewsasia.com. 28 March 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Total number of passengers handled in 2012". Changi Airport. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "CAG Infographic - Combined". Mynewsdesk. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  12. ^ Singapore's Budget Terminal Sees Encouraging Growth. changiairportgroup.com (31 October 2006)
  13. ^ "Budget Terminal Passenger Volume to Hit One Million Mark by End-2006". 31 October 2006. Archived from the original on 27 February 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2006. 
  14. ^ Indonesia important market for Singapore: Changi airport. Waspada.co.id (3 June 2011). Retrieved on 15 August 2012.
  15. ^ "Etihad Airways to launch daily non-stop flights between Brisbane and Abu Dhabi" (Press release). Etihad Airways. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  16. ^ "TASS: World - AirAsia airline suspends flights on route where Malaysian jet crashed". TASS. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "Lucky Air Adds Lijiang – Singapore Service April – June 2015". 
  18. ^ "NokScoot to Start Singapore Service from late-May 2015". Airlineroute.net. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  19. ^ http://www.perthnow.com.au/news/western-australia/qantas-brings-back-perth-to-singapore-route-from-june-26/story-fnhocxo3-1227307792404
  20. ^ a b "Scoot Proposes New Japan Routes via Taiwan / Thailand from July 2015". Airline Route. 
  21. ^ "Scoot To Start Melbourne Service from Nov 2015". Airline Route. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  22. ^ "SilkAir to Fly to Cairns" (Press release). SilkAir. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  23. ^ "Tigerair to begin flight to Ipoh" (Press release). Channel NewsAsia. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  24. ^ "changi airfreight centre". Changi Airport Group. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  25. ^ a b "Our Divisions". Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS). Retrieved 3 November 2006. [dead link]
  26. ^ Year to date International Freight Traffic. aci.aero
  27. ^ "2013 Awards". Air Cargo World. 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  28. ^ "Air HongKong". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  29. ^ "Cardig Air Scheduled Timetable". Cardigair.com. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  30. ^ "2013 summer schedule". Aero Logic. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  31. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo Freighter Operations get ready for DWC move". Emirates SkyCargo. 2 April 2014. 
  32. ^ "Etihad Cargo Flight Schedule" (PDF). 
  33. ^ "Etihad Cargo operates Boeing 777F to Singapore" (PDF). 
  34. ^ EVA Air Cargo Schedule
  35. ^ "Hong Kong Airlines Cargo". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  36. ^ MP Cargo winter 2012 timetable[dead link]
  37. ^ "Singapore Airlines Cargo to commence Singapore-Hanoi freighter service in Nov-2014". CAPA. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  38. ^ "Singapore MRT (Metro)". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 18 April 2007. 
  39. ^ Changi Airport Group Annual Report 2009/10. (PDF) . Retrieved on 15 August 2012.
  40. ^ "civil fire stations". Changi Airport Group. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  41. ^ "Changi Airport's third ground handling licence awarded to ASIG". Channel NewsAsia. 9 June 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  42. ^ "Certis CISCO awarded $360 million Master Security Services Contract by CAAS". Certissecurity.com. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  43. ^ 50 Years of Securing Your World. Annual Review 2008/2009. certissecurity.com (PDF) . Retrieved on 15 August 2012.
  44. ^ "Counter Terrorism Efforts at Singapore's Changi Airport". South Asia Analysis Group. Retrieved 12 June 2011. 
  45. ^ "Changi Airport to Impose Security Levy". Straits Times. Singapore. 10 January 2002. Archived from the original on 2 September 2006. Retrieved 3 November 2006. 
  46. ^ "contact us." Changi Airport Group. Retrieved on 12 September 2011. "Changi Airport Group (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Singapore Changi Airport PO Box 168 Singapore 918146"
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External links[edit]