Singapore Petroleum Company
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (December 2008)|
Singapore Petroleum Company Limited (SPC，a PetroChina company) is a Singaporean oil company. SPC is involved in the exploration and production of petroleum, refining, trading and petroleum product distribution.
The company was founded in 1969 as the Singapore Petroleum & Chemical Co. Pte Ltd and later changed its name to the Singapore Petroleum Company Ltd. The company is also a part owner of Singapore Refining Company Pte Ltd which was founded in 1979.
Exploration and Production
SPC's presence and profile in the regional E&P sector has grown with the acquisition of assets over the years. These assets include Block B in Cambodia, the Kakap Production Sharing Contract (PSC) and the Sampang PSC in Indonesia, Blocks 102 and 106, and Block 101-100/04 in Vietnam, Block T06-3 in Australia. In 2007, they expanded their assets to China with 3 additional blocks, 04/36 & 05/36 in Bohai Bay and Blk 26/28, offshore China.
In the pipeline business, SPC holds interests in three regional gas transmission pipelines. The 654-kilometre West Natuna Transportation System is the first Singapore cross border sub-sea gas pipeline carrying gas from the West Natuna Sea to Singapore. A consortium of PSC blocks in West Natuna including the Kakap PSC owns this pipeline.
The 468-kilometre Grissik-Batam-Singapore Pipeline is the second direct gas pipeline transmitting gas from Indonesia to Singapore. Gas to Singapore commenced in 2003 under a 20-year term contract between Singapore and Indonesia. The 536-kilometre Grissik-Duri Pipeline is a trunk line that transmit gas from the Grissik gas fields to Caltex's Duri facilities under long term contracts that commenced in 1998.
Refining, Supply and Trading
SPC, with equal partner Caltex (part of Chevron Corporation), owns half of the 285,000 barrels per day (45,300 m3/d) Singapore Refining Company (SRC) plant, a complex refinery capable of cracking crude oil.
The refining of crude oil to petroleum products remains central to the Group’s operations. Given the complexity of its refining facilities, SPC is able to refine heavy, medium and light crudes. SPC buys crudes from some 13 countries with the bulk of its supplies coming from the Middle East. The API gravity of these crudes range from 18 (mostly heavy/sour crude) to 45 (mostly light/sweet crudes). In 2006, the Group processed more than 51 million barrels (8,100,000 m3) of crudes through SRC, its jointly-owned refinery on Jurong Island.
The Company owns a storage terminal for petroleum products at Pulau Sebarok to support its marine bunker operations and trading and marketing activities. The 220,000 cubic metres terminal consisting of 13 tanks is equipped with a deepwater jetty up to 160,000 tonnes displacement.
The Aviation Sales unit markets and supplies aviation fuel to airlines at four international airports in Singapore, Hong Kong, Bangkok, and Taipei. SPC is reputed as a reliable supplier of quality aviation fuel in the Asia-Pacific region with more than 30 years of aviation fuel sales and marketing expertise.
The Distillates unit is responsible for the sales and trading of naphtha, motor gasoline (petrol), gasoil (diesel) and jet fuel (kerosene).
The Residue unit is responsible for fuel oil trading and marine sales activities. Fuel oil of various specifications, including standard bunker grades, is sourced directly from SRC as well as from the Group’s extensive network of global oil traders. The unit utilises its operational expertise, storage facilities and trading network to build and maintain SPC’s reputation as a fuel oil and bunker player with a premium brand in the Singapore market.
In 2006, more than 74.1 million barrels (11,780,000 m3) of crude and refined petroleum products were handled in these downstream product channels. Of this volume, slightly more than 50.0 million barrels (7,950,000 m3) were products sourced directly from SRC with the balance of more than 24.0 million barrels (3,820,000 m3) sourced from the Group’s extensive network of oil majors, multinational oil traders and national oil companies.
Marketing BU is organised into five key units, namely Market Development and New Ventures, Retail Sales and Development, Commercial Sales, Lubricant Sales, and Operations and Logistics.
The Commercial Sales and Lubricant Sales units market petroleum products, special products and lubricants to commercial, industrial and wholesale markets domestically and regionally. These include Naphtha, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, Motor Gasoline, Industrial Diesel/Automotive Diesel Oil, Sulphur and Asphalt.
Singapore Petroleum Company or SPC was delisted from the Singapore Exchange on 22 Oct 2009 when Chinese oil giant PetroChina completed its takeover of the Singapore firm.