Singaporean general election, 2006

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Singaporean general election, 2006
Singapore
2001 ←
members
6 May 2006
Members elected
→ 2011
members

84 seats (47 seats contested) to the Parliament of Singapore
43 seats needed for a majority
1 NCMP seat offered to opposition
Turnout 94.0%
  First party Second party Third party
  Lee Hsien Loong - 20101112.jpg Low Thia Khiang 2011.JPG ChiamSeeTong-SDARally-20060502.jpg
Leader Lee Hsien Loong Low Thia Khiang Chiam See Tong
Party PAP WP SDA
Leader since 2004 2001 2001
Leader's seat Ang Mo Kio GRC Hougang SMC Potong Pasir SMC
Last election 82 seats, 75.3% 1 seat, 3.0% 1 elected + 1 NCMP, 12.00%
Seats won 82 1 elected + 1 NCMP 1
Seat change Steady0 Steady0 Steady0
Popular vote 747,860 183,578 145,628
Percentage 66.6% 16.3% 13.0%
Swing Decrease8.7% Increase13.3% Increase1.0%

Singapore GE 2006, results.png

Constituencies won by party:
  People's Action Party
  Workers' Party of Singapore
  Singapore Democratic Alliance

Prime Minister before election

Lee Hsien Loong
PAP

Elected Prime Minister

Lee Hsien Loong
PAP

Coat of arms of Singapore (blazon).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Singapore
Constitution
Foreign relations

The 2006 Singaporean parliamentary general election was held on 6 May 2006. 1.22 million out of the 2.16 million eligible Singaporeans voted for Members of Parliament and elected their next government.[1] The People's Action Party (PAP), in its first election under Lee Hsien Loong, won 66.6% of the overall votes and gained 82 out of 84 seats. The PAP held the office of Prime Minister for a twelfth consecutive term.[2] The general election was held under the first-past-the-post system. The parliament was dissolved by President S R Nathan on 20 April, three weeks before the election. On Nomination Day, the PAP gained 37 seats in divisions which were uncontested by other parties.[3] The main election issues included employment, cost of living, housing, transport, education, the need for an effective opposition voice in parliament, and the quality of the candidates.

Background[edit]

The 2006 General Election was the 15th General Election in Singapore and the 10th since independence. The governing People's Action Party (PAP) sought to secure their twelfth consecutive term in office since 1959. This would be the first election since Lee Hsien Loong became its Secretary-General.

Political parties[edit]

Besides the ruling PAP, the other major political parties were the Workers' Party of Singapore (WP) led by Low Thia Khiang, the Singapore People's Party (SPP) led by Chiam See Tong, the National Solidarity Party (NSP) led by Steve Chia, and the Singapore Democratic Party (SDP) led by Chee Soon Juan, who himself was ineligible to run in this election because of a 2002 conviction.[4]

Four parties, including the SPP and the NSP, contested the election as members of the Singapore Democratic Alliance (SDA).

Election deposit[edit]

For this election, the deposit for each candidate was set at S$13,500 (approximately US$8590 or £4620) which was about 8% of the total annual salary to a Member of Parliament in the preceding year, rounded to the nearest S$500. The regulations of the elections stated that the deposit was to be forfeited if the candidate failed to obtain at least one-eighth of the votes.[5]

Electorate[edit]

All citizens at least 21 years of age, based on the Registers of Electors, were eligible to vote. The Elections Department had completed its revision of the Registers and made them available for public inspection from 17 January through 30 January 2006.[6] There were 2,158,439 eligible voters.[7] The 2006 election was the first election where more than half the electorate were of the post-independence generation, i.e., those born after Singapore's independence in 1965.

For the first time in Singapore's election history, Singaporeans living overseas were able to vote at designated polling stations located within Singapore's High Commissions, Embassies or Consulates in other countries. To be qualified to vote overseas, they must have had either resided in Singapore for an aggregate of two of the past five years, or be overseas for reasons of employment or education related to the Singapore government.[8] There were several overseas polling stations, namely Tokyo, Canberra, Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong, London, Washington, D.C. and San Francisco. 1,017 Singaporeans had registered for overseas voting by 22 March 2006, although only 558 voted, as the rest had a walkover in their constituencies.[7]

Electoral divisions[edit]

On 3 March 2006, the Electoral Boundaries Review Committee published the updated list of electoral divisions. There were fourteen Group Representation Constituencies (GRC), each with five or six seats, and nine Single Member Constituencies (SMC). The total number of seats remained the same at 84 as the previous general election in 2001. The two opposition held SMCs, Hougang SMC and Potong Pasir SMC were intact. Also unchanged was the Chua Chu Kang SMC which saw a close contest in the previous election between the ruling PAP's Low Seow Chay and NSP's Steve Chia who later became a Non-Constituency Member of Parliament until 2006.[citation needed]

Two new Single Member Constituencies (Bukit Panjang SMC and Yio Chu Kang SMC) were created and two (Ayer Rajah SMC and Bukit Timah SMC) were absorbed into GRCs. East Coast GRC was reduced to five seats and Pasir Ris-Punggol GRC was increased to six.[9] Significant changes in GRC boundaries include a major shuffle within three GRCs, they were East Coast GRC, Aljunied GRC, and Marine Parade GRC. Parts of Bedok New Town, Bedok North Green, Chai Chee Gardens and Kampong Chai Chee were transferred from East Coast to Marine Parade GRC. An area bounded by the Pan Island Expressway, Jalan Eunos and Sims Avenue East were transferred from Aljunied to Marine Parade GRC. In return, the Serangoon division was transferred to Aljunied GRC.[10] In other changes, a part of Yishun from Sembawang GRC was transferred to Nee Soon East SMC, and a section of Holland-Bukit Panjang GRC was transferred to Tanjong Pagar GRC.

Singapore Electoral Boundaries, released in March 2006.

Election issues[edit]

As in previous elections, bread and butter issues including jobs, medical care and cost of living dominated the election campaign.[11] Other major election issues are listed in the following.[12][13]

Pre–nomination day events[edit]

Dissolution of Parliament[edit]

On 20 April 2006, Parliament was dissolved by President Sellapan Ramanathan on the advice of Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong.[16] Later that day, the President issued the Writ of Election and the government announced that the election would be held on Saturday, 6 May 2006, with nomination day on Thursday, 27 April 2006. The Returning Officer was to be Tan Boon Huat, Chief Executive Director of the People's Association.[17]

New candidates[edit]

This election saw a large number of new candidates as the major political parties had undergone self-renewal in recent years.[citation needed] Many of the new candidates belong to the post-1965 generation.[citation needed] PAP introduced 24 new candidates, including 7 women. The opposition Workers' Party and the Singapore Democratic Alliance also introduced many first-timers for this election including three women from the Workers' Party.

Goh Chok Tong of the PAP, speaking at a rally at Potong Pasir SMC. The banner behind him shows the campaign slogan of the party, "Staying Together, Moving Ahead".

Budget day and progress package[edit]

On 17 February 2006, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, who was also Minister for Finance and Secretary General of the PAP, delivered the country's Budget Statement to the Parliament. He released details of a S$2.6 billion "progress package" including S$500 million for Central Provident Fund top-ups, S$400 million for workfare bonuses, and S$200 million bonuses for national servicemen. Largely due to this package, the 2006 Budget incurred a deficit of S$2.86 billion.[18][19]

Low Thia Khiang (WP) came out strongly against the progress package which he said was no more than a vote-winning tool for the PAP. Low called for greater transparency on how the government intend to finance the package and to compensate for the budget shortfall. Deputy Prime Minister Wong Kan Seng (PAP) later dismissed claims that the progress package constitutes a form of vote buying.[20]

Workers' Party manifesto[edit]

The Workers' Party (WP) launched an update to its manifesto on 14 January 2006, becoming the first party to do so.[21] Amongst its policy proposals, WP called for the Presidency to revert to its former ceremonial role and the abolishment of the GRCs, the Ethnic Integration Policy for Housing and Development Board flats, the Resident Committees and the Citizen Consultative Committees. It also revealed its intentions to establish a central agency in the provision of public transport, set up of a national unemployment insurance scheme and a more comprehensive national health insurance scheme among a host of other things.

On 21 January, PAP made various criticisms on the WP's proposals, describing four of their proposals as "four time bombs...[which] will weaken and tear Singapore apart".[22] Khaw Boon Wan, revealed various changes in medical policies, including the Medisave scheme, which had been a constant target for criticism by opposition parties. He also chided the WP for its "failure to understand what makes inter-racialism work in Singapore and why we are different from the rest of the world", referring the four points brought up by Ng Eng Hen as "poisons"[23] Workers' Party Chairman Sylvia Lim released a press statement[24] on 22 January, responding to each of the four "time bombs" criticised by Ng and adding that the party was standing firmly by its manifesto.[25]

Goh Chok Tong's special assignment[edit]

On 19 March, Lee Hsien Loong said that PAP was aiming to win all the constituencies including the two opposition wards in Hougang SMC and Potong Pasir SMC, stating that "We want to win, this is not masak-masak [a Malay term meaning a child's game]".[citation needed] The PAP candidates for these two wards would be Eric Low and Sitoh Yih Pin respectively. Both lost in the previous elections but had been working the ground in these wards since. They were assisted by Goh Chok Tong who had been given the special assignment to help the PAP win the two wards.[26]

Goh had suggested that if Eric Low and Sitoh Yih Pin won the election, they would be given extra latitude when speaking and voting in parliament and not be subjected to the political Whip. Goh also said that he would help Sitoh to gain a post in the new Cabinet if he was elected.[27] Hougang and Potong Pasir residents were also been promised housing upgrades worth $100 million and $80 million respectively if PAP was to retake the two seats. Since they were won by opposition parties, both of these constituencies have not been selected for housing upgrades or provided with lifts that stop on every floor. When the PAP shaved the Worker's Party's vote share from 58% to 55% in the 2001 General Election, then prime-minister Goh offered to upgrade Hougang estate if the WP's chief's share of vote was reduced to 52%.[citation needed] Nonetheless, Hougang remains in opposition hands and instead of shaving the Worker's Party's vote share, PAP instead received only 37% of the votes in Hougang, probably the second lowest votes received after Singapore's independence in any particular ward. The record low for PAP votes in a ward was 30% in Potong Pasir SMC in the 1991 elections.

Remarks in The New Democrat[edit]

In April 2006, the SDP published an article headlined "Govt's role in the NKF scandal" in the SDP party newspaper The New Democrat regarding the National Kidney Foundation Singapore scandal. On 22 April, letters of demand were served on twelve members of the SDP and the publisher. Drew and Napier, the law firm acting for Lee Hsien Loong and Lee Kuan Yew, said that the newspaper article had alleged that the two Lees were "dishonest and unfit for office", that Lee Kuan Yew "devised a corrupt political system for the benefit of the political elite", and that he managed the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation in a "corrupt manner". In addition, according to the letter of demand, the newspaper also alleged that Lee Hsien Loong had "perpetuated a corrupt political system for the benefit of the political elite" and how he and his Government "had access to the information which has now been unearthed about NKF but corruptly concealed and covered up the facts to avoid criticism".[28] The letters demanded that damages be paid and an apology made in the media by 25 April.[14]

Four of SDP's eleven committee members later apologised, while the chairman of the party refused to apologise, as it would constitute "an admission of guilt". An apology had been formally rejected by the party, though the party would not oppose individual members making personal apologies. M Ravi, the lawyer representing most of the accused, had rejected claims made in the letters that allegations made in the paper were "highly defamatory", and he "[does] not see how a government or public body could be defamed". On 27 April, Chee said that the threat of legal action was already seriously affecting SDP's campaign at Sembawang GRC: "Lawyers for Mr Lee Kuan Yew and Mr Lee Hsien Loong have gone as far as to sue the printer, so much so that he is so frightened he dares not publish our election material."[29] SDP was still seen selling the publication, and the Lees were seeking aggravated damages.[30][31] Only the Chee siblings have yet to make a public apology.

SDP podcast[edit]

On 25 April, Elections Department warned SDP that it would take action against the party if they did not remove audio files and podcasts from the party's website, as they were against election advertising regulations under the Parliamentary Elections Act. Within hours after the notice was issued, SDP posted a notice on its website that the podcast service was suspended.[32]

Nomination day[edit]

Planning for nomination day by political parties[edit]

As early as January 2006, when it became clear that the election would be held soon, the political parties began making definitive plans for Nomination Day.[33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40]

On 10 March 2006, the major opposition parties held a meeting, after which they announced their intention to contest 57 of the 84 seats in Parliament.[41] Nonetheless, the full detail of the opposition's plan was not revealed until Nomination Day itself. Steve Chia told reporters, "Any self-respecting politician will hold his cards close to his chest."[42]

There were nine SMCs with 1 seat each for the election. For smaller political parties and independents who do not have sufficient candidates and resources to contest the GRCs, the SMCs were the only constituencies that they could afford to run. In addition, many believe that opposition candidates have a higher chance of winning in SMCs than in GRCs. Since there were only nine SMCs, all were expected to be contested. The opposition tried to avoid three-cornered fights by coordinating with each other. Chiam See Tong (SPP) said that "if we enter into one [three-cornered fight], we're only going to kill ourselves. We're not that stupid."[43]

In March 2006, it was thought that there could be a potential three-way contest in MacPherson SMC, where both Mansor Rahman, Chairman of Democratic Progressive Party, and Sin Kek Tong, Chairman of Singapore People's Party had indicated their parties' interest to run for that seat. Later, the parties managed to reach an agreement and avoided the unfavourable contest. Tan Lead Shake, previously a prominent member of DPP, later joined the Singapore Democratic Alliance, and became a member of SDA's team contesting Tampines GRC.

By 26 April 2006, the opposition had indicated that they would contest at least half of the seats in the 84 member Parliament. There were forty-seven candidates standing for election with ten new candidates facing the opposition. Candidates standing for election had only an hour to present their nomination papers and must be accompanied by their proposers, seconders and assentors. Observers projected that 37 People's Action Party candidates from seven Group Representative Constituencies would return unopposed and the PAP would be denied a majority on nomination day,[44] an eventuality that proved to be true.

Early announcement of intention by parties[edit]

Some of the opposition parties, such as Workers' Party and Singapore Democratic Alliance, adopted the strategy of announcing early their plans on which constituencies they intended to contest even before changes in electoral boundaries were published. This was seen as a tactical move to earmark those divisions in order to discourage any third party from contesting in the same divisions leading to three-cornered fights.[citation needed] Another cited reason was that, if the Government electoral commission redrew those boundaries, the opposition would be able to exploit such actions by accusing the PAP of gerrymandering to avoid the ballot challenge.[45]

Nomination day results[edit]

Electoral map showing the various contests. The PAP fielded candidates in all 84 seats, with 37 seats (shown in blue) won as walkovers on nomination day. The battlegrounds were the remaining 47 seats contested by WP (yellow), SDA (red), and SDP (green).

On nomination day[3] 7 GRCs totalling 37 seats, were uncontested and returned to the PAP. This was less than half the number of 84 seats, and for the first time since 1988, the PAP was not returned to power on nomination day. The Elections Department announced that over 1.2 million Singaporeans, 56.6% of eligible voters, would be able to cast votes.

The opposition parties' 47 candidates for the 2006 election was a large increase from the 29 candidates in the previous election in 2001. In addition, there was no three-cornered fight as all contests were between the PAP and one opposition party. There was also no independent candidate participating in this election, which was a rare occurrence as independent candidates had participated in every election since 1955, except in 1980.[citation needed]

Diversity of candidates[edit]

All eighteen candidates for the SMCs were male Chinese. On 28 April, Lee Kuan Yew (PAP) referred to this fact when defending the Group Representation Constituency (GRC) system on the grounds that it ensures minority and women representation in parliament.[46] Nonetheless, there is no requirement that GRCs should have at least one female candidate.

Over the years, each GRC team has been steadily increased by the government from 3 to 5 or 6 members. WP had called for the abolishment of the GRC system which it considered as a means introduced by the PAP to make it difficult for opposition who lack sufficient resource to contest the large electoral division.[citation needed]

Events between nomination day and election day[edit]

Campaign banners for Aljunied GRC, one of the election hotspots where a fierce fight was expected.

With the nominations completed, the opposition was contesting 47 seats with the remaining 37 returned to the PAP. The PAP was thus denied a walkover majority to form a government on nomination day, the first time since 1988.[3][47][48]

Between 28 April to 5 May, a total of 50 political rallies were held by the parties at 24 designated sites during nine days of campaign. The "Lunchtime Rally Site" at Boat Quay, next to UOB Plaza, made a comeback in the election; it was removed from the list of rally sites in the previous election due to fears of terrorist attacks after the September 11, 2001 attacks.[49]

The Workers' Party had put up their strongest team, consisting of its more prominent candidates led by Chairman Sylvia Lim, to contest Aljunied GRC challenging the PAP team led by Foreign Affairs Minister George Yeo. The constituency eventually had the fiercest GRC contest in the election. The strongest GRC team for the SDA was one contesting Jalan Besar GRC. It was led by Sebestian Teo and its members include former MP Cheo Chai Chen.

The hotly contested Single Member Constituencies include Chua Chu Kang SMC where incumbent MP and Minister of State for Education and Manpower Gan Kim Yong was challenged by NSP's secretary-general Steve Chia. Low Thia Khiang (WP), the incumbent MP for Hougang SMC faced a strong challenge from PAP's Eric Low Siak Meng. Nee Soon East SMC was hotly contested with Senior Minister of State for Law and Home Affairs Ho Peng Kee against Poh Lee Guan (WP). Potong Pasir SMC, another opposition seat held by Chiam See Tong since 1984 was also hotly contested by PAP's Sitoh Yih Pin.

Workers' Party fielded a very young team in Ang Mo Kio GRC, with candidates mostly born after 1965, to compete with the flagship PAP team led by Lee Hsien Loong.[50] On 29 April 2006, Lee referred to his opponents at Ang Mo Kio GRC as "敢死队" (suicide squad) adding that even the bookies would not take bets on the outcome in that constituency contest. In response, Low Thia Kiang said that it was better to be a "敢死队" (suicide squad) and not a "怕死队" (squad that is scared to die). WP's candidate Yaw Shin Leong added that his team-mates and himself were mentally prepared to lose but they were not push-overs.[51]

James Gomez saga[edit]

Main article: James Gomez

Controversy arose during the election surrounding the application for a minority-race candidate certificate by James Gomez of Workers' Party.[citation needed] On the 24 April, Gomez went to the Elections Department to fill up the minority-race candidate certificate application form accompanied by the chairperson Sylvia Lim. Instead of handing in the application form to election official, Gomez slipped the form in his bag and went off for an interview. At the time, Sylvia Lim had gone to a waiting area and did not witness the event.

On the eve of Nomination Day, James Gomez went to collect his minority-race candidate certificate claiming he had submitted the application form. After failing to get the certificate, Gomez warned an elections officer of the "consequences". At 1pm that day, an Elections Department staff called Gomez and told him that he did not submit the Indian and minority candidate certificate form. During the call, which was recorded, Gomez changed his story and said that he would get back to them. When the media asked him about the issue, Gomez initially refused to discuss about the issue, but later conceded.[52] Following two days of dispute between both sides, the Elections Department was able to produce video evidence showing that James Gomez did not submit the application form; a day later, James Gomez apologised to the Elections Department at a Worker's Party rally saying he was distracted by his busy schedule.[53]

During the controversy, PAP raised questions about the credibility of Gomez. He was accused of attempting to discredit the Elections Department by claiming they misplaced the form. Two PAP leaders Wong Kan Seng and Lee Kuan Yew called Gomez a "liar" and Lee dared Gomez to sue him and Wong.[15] George Yeo (PAP) also suggested that the Worker's Party should sack Gomez and field a four-member team for the five-member Group Representation Constituency. This was rejected by Low who asserted that PAP was trying to divert public and media attention from main election issues.[54]

Party political broadcast[edit]

On both 29 April 2006 and 4 May 2006, the four contesting parties made their political broadcasts over television and radio in the four official languages — the English, Mandarin, Malay and Tamil languages. Each party was given an allocated time based on the number of candidates it fielded. The People's Action Party (PAP) was given 12 minutes with 84 candidates fielded, the Workers' Party (WP) and Singapore Democratic Alliance (SDA) were given 4.5 minutes each with 20 candidates fielded, and the Singapore Democratic Party (SDP) was given 2.5 minutes with 7 candidates fielded. The SDP was represented by Chee Siok Chin, the Workers' Party by Sylvia Lim on the first broadcast and by Tan Hui Hua on the second broadcast, the SDA by Chiam See Tong on both broadcasts, with the PAP by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong on the first broadcast and by PAP chairman Lim Boon Heng on the second broadcast.[55]

Debate on housing and lift upgrading[edit]

The upgrading of public housing, including the Lift Upgrading Programme (LUP), was a major issue in this election.[citation needed] As in previous elections, PAP had tied the scheduling of housing upgrades to the number of votes the party received in the election. The PAP argued that government was successful in raising the standard of living in the country, and those who supported its various policies, including the upgrading, should be given priority. In the hotly contested Aljunied GRC, George Yeo (PAP) placed lift upgrading the "top of [his] priority list" so that the lift would stop on every floor in as many blocks as possible.[56] Sylvia Lim (WP) accused the PAP of being selective in its upgrading programmes, arguing that this was a divisive policy.[57]

Large turnout at opposition election rallies[edit]

The election featured large turnouts at some of the election rallies of the opposition parties, which was unheard of since the 1980s. A report by Malaysian press The Star estimated that around 10,000 people attended the Workers' Party rally on 30 April at Hougang.[58] At the last rally of the Workers' Party at Serangoon Stadium on 5 May, the audience filled up most of the field and even spilled outside the stadium. However, the local media did not report on the large turnout at all, prompting criticism of the credibility of the Singapore media on local political issues.[citation needed]

The PAP dismissed the significance of the crowds, suggesting that crowd size would not necessarily translate into votes.[58]

A large number of supporters turned up at the last Worker's Party Rally for Aljunied GRC, filling up much of the field in Serangoon Stadium.

Election results[edit]

Summary[edit]

This electoral map shows the result of the election with the PAP winning 82 of the 84 seats.
e • d Summary of the 6 May 2006 Parliament of Singapore election results
Parties and alliances Leader Contested
seats
Seats won Popular vote % +/-
PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Lee Hsien Loong 84 82 748,130 66.60 -8.69
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Low Thia Khiang 20 1 183,578 16.34 +13.30
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Chiam See Tong 20 1 145,628 12.96 +0.96
SDP logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Party Chee Soon Juan 7 0 45,937 4.09 -4.04
Total 84 1,123,273 91.85
Spoilt votes 26,727 2.19
Did not vote 72,884 5.96
Total voting electorate 1,222,884 100.00
 includes uncontested victories

Full results[edit]

Division Seats Voters Party Candidate(s) Votes Votes %
Group Representation Constituency (GRC) (75 seats)
Aljunied GRC 5 145,141 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Cynthia Phua
George Yeo Yong-Boon
Lim Hwee Hua
Yeo Guat Kwang
Zainul Abidin Bin Mohamed Rasheed
74,843
56.09 / 100
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Goh Meng Seng
James Gomez
Lim Swee Lian Sylvia
Mohammed Rahizan Bin Yaacob
Tan Wui-Hua
58,593
43.91 / 100
Ang Mo Kio GRC 6 159,872 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Inderjit Singh
Lam Pin Min
Lee Bee Wah
Lee Hsien Loong
Balaji Sadasivan
Wee Siew Kim
96,636
66.14 / 100
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Abdul Salim Bin Harun
Gopal Krishnan
Han Su May
Lee Wai Leng
Tan Kian Hwee Melvin
Yaw Shin Leong
49,479
33.86 / 100
Bishan-Toa Payoh GRC 5 115,323 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Hri Kumar Sangaran
Ng Eng Hen
Wong Kan Seng
Yong Li Min Josephine Teo
Zainudin Bin Nordin
Uncontested
Walkover
East Coast GRC 5 116,653 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Abdullah Tarmugi
Shunmugam Jayakumar
Jessica Tan Soon Neo
Lee Yi Shyan
Raymond Lim Siang Keat
66,931
63.86 / 100
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman
Brandon Siow Wei-Min
Chia Ti Lik
Eric Tan Heng Chong
Perry Tong Tzee Kwang
37,873
36.14 / 100
Holland-Bukit Timah GRC 5 118,155 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party De Souza Christopher J
Foo Yee Shoon
Liang Eng Hwa
Lim Swee Say
Vivian Balakrishnan
Uncontested
Walkover
Hong Kah GRC 5 144,677 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Amy Khor Lean Suan
Ang Mong Seng
Yeo Cheow Tong
Yeo Khirn Hai Alvin
Zaqy B Mohamad
Uncontested
Walkover
Jalan Besar GRC 5 93,025 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Denise Phua Lay Peng
Heng Chee How
Lee Boon Yang
Lily Neo
Yaacob Ibrahim
58,913
69.26 / 100
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Cheo Chai Chen
Fong Chin Leong, Reno
Muhamad Ali Aman
Sebastian Teo Kway Hwang
Vincent Yeo Boon Keng
26,151
30.74 / 100
Jurong GRC 5 116,636 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Grace Fu Hai Yien
Halimah Bte Yacob
Lim Boon Heng
Ong Chit Chung
Tharman Shanmugaratnam
Uncontested
Walkover
Marine Parade GRC 6 155,149 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Fatimah Lateef
Goh Chok Tong
Lim Biow Chuan
Muhammad Faishal Ibrahim
Ong Seh Hong
Seah Kian Peng
Uncontested
Walkover
Pasir Ris-Punggol GRC 6 178,443 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Ahmad Bin Mohd Magad
Chong You Fook Charles
Michael Anthony Palmer
Penny Low
Teo Chee Hean
Teo Ser Luck
113,322
68.70 / 100
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Ishak Bin Haroun
Lim Bak Chuan, Desmond
Lineker Lee Hock Huat
Mohd Hamim Bin Aliyas
Ong Beng Soon, Elvin
Yen Kim Khooi
51,618
31.30 / 100
Sembawang GRC 6 184,804 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Ellen Lee Geck Hoon
Hawazi Daipi
K Shanmugam
Khaw Boon Wan
Lim Wee Kiak
Mohd Maliki Osman
130,170
76.70 / 100
SDP logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Party Chee Siok Chin
Christopher Neo Ting Wei
Francis Yong Chu Leong
Gerald Sng Choon Guan
Mohd Isa Abdul Aziz
Narayanasamy Gogelavany
39,537
23.30 / 100
Tampines GRC 5 126,163 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Mah Bow Tan
Masagos Zulkifli Bin Masagos Mohamad
Ng Phek Hoong, Irene
Ong Kian Min
Sin Boon Ann
80,376
68.51 / 100
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Abdul Rahman Mohamad
Lim Tung Hee, Arthero
Ng Say Eng
Ong Hock Siong
Tan Lead Shake
36,948
31.49 / 100
Tanjong Pagar GRC 6 148,141 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Baey Yam Keng
Indranee Thurai Rajah
Koo Tsai Kee
Lee Kuan Yew
Lui Tuck Yew
Tan Chin Siong
Uncontested
Walkover
West Coast GRC 5 137,739 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Fong Jen Arthur
Foo Chee Keng Cederic
Ho Geok Choo Madeleine
Iswaran S
Lim Hng Kiang
Uncontested
Walkover
Single Member Constituency (SMC) (9 seats)
Bukit Panjang SMC 1 30,452 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Teo Ho Pin 21,652
77.18 / 100
SDP logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Party Ling How Doong 6,400
22.82 / 100
Chua Chu Kang SMC 1 24,975 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Gan Kim Yong 14,156
60.37 / 100
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Steve Chia Kiah Hong 9,292
39.63 / 100
Hougang SMC 1 23,759 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Eric Low Siak Meng 8,308
37.26 / 100
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Low Thia Khiang 13,989
62.74 / 100
Joo Chiat SMC 1 21,858 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Chan Soo Sen 12,226
65.01 / 100
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Tan Bin Seng 6,580
34.99 / 100
MacPherson SMC 1 21,041 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Matthias Yao 13,184
68.28 / 100
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Sin Kek Tong 6,067
31.52 / 100
Nee Soon Central SMC 1 23,152 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Ong Ah Heng 14,211
65.37 / 100
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Lian Chin Way 7,529
34.63 / 100
Nee Soon East SMC 1 32,586 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Ho Peng Kee 20,949
68.72 / 100
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Poh Lee Guan 9,535
31.28 / 100
Potong Pasir SMC 1 15,888 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Sitoh Yih Pin 6,527
44.18 / 100
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Chiam See Tong 8,245
55.82 / 100
Yio Chu Kang SMC 1 25,072 PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Seng Han Thong 15,726
68.28 / 100
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Yip Yew Weng 7,307
31.72 / 100

Election aftermath[edit]

Result analysis[edit]

In the end, the political status quo was kept, as the People's Action Party won a 12th consecutive term with its majority virtually untouched. However, the PAP saw its vote majorities reduced island-wide. PM Lee's assignment to Goh Chok Tong to regain the two non-PAP constituencies did not bear fruit, as opposition MPs were re-elected with swings toward their parties.

Apart from overseas voting for those who had resided in Singapore for two out of the last five years, this GE saw, for the first time, contests in six-member GRCs, no forfeiture of election deposits, and the Prime Minister's constituency garnering votes below PAP's national average. Also, this was the second election in history with no independents, which could be due to new election laws requiring presence of assentors in Nomination Centres, posing difficulty for candidates without party machinery.

Victory parades[edit]

Voters await to cast their votes at the polling centre at Nan Chiau Primary School for Ang Mo Kio GRC.

To continue with tradition, the winning candidates toured their constituencies to thank voters for their victory in the election.[59] These parades were held in all contested seats as well as walkover Group Representation Constituencies. Victory parades are usually held in the late morning and early afternoon in conjunction with other events organised by the grassroots committee.[citation needed] The candidates were driven on trucks as they broadcast messages of appreciation to the residents. Some losing candidates also toured their constituencies to thank their supporters although their parades were usually smaller than those of the winning candidates.

Non-Constituency Member of Parliament[edit]

The Elections Department announced that one member of the Workers' Party team for Aljunied GRC would be appointed as Non-Constituency Member of Parliament. The team had received 44% of the votes, the highest losing votes in the 2006 election. The Central Executive Committee voted for Sylvia Lim to be the NCMP with nine in favour and one opposed. Lim would not represent any constituency but she said she was looking forward to the opportunity to fulfil her obligation to supporters and also to voice people's concerns. She took over from incumbent NCMP Steve Chia.[60]

Detaining and questioning of Gomez[edit]

On 7 May 2006, a day after the elections, Gomez was detained by police at Singapore Changi Airport when he was about to take a flight to Sweden for work. The police were investigating an "alleged offences of criminal intimidation and providing false information". The Elections Department had earlier filed a police report regarding the incident during the election period in which Gomez spoke to an election official in a threatening tone, an episode that was caught on closed-circuit television. Gomez was brought to the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) at Police Cantonment Complex for questioning and to file his statement, after which he was released at midnight.[61] His passport was impounded by the police to prevent him from leaving the country and his air ticket was forfeited as it was non-refundable. He also suffered a loss of income due to his absence from work.

On that night, Sylvia Lim and Low Thia Khiang were also asked to give statements at the CID. On 9 May, Gomez was called again to CID for a questioning session that lasted five hours. Gomez later told the media that he was giving the police "the fullest cooperation."[62]

After three questioning sessions, Gomez was let off with a stern warning by the police who issued a statement stating that the public prosecutor was satisfied that Gomez had committed the offence of using threatening words towards a civil servant but the police decided to release Gomez as he had no prior criminal records.[63] His passport was returned to him and he left for Sweden on 16 May.

Chee Siok Chin's challenge of polling results[edit]

On 24 May 2006, SDP member Chee Siok Chin filed a summons on the High Court asking to declare the election results void. In her affidavit, Chee claimed that the PAP had used the HDB upgrading scheme and gave out shares and cash to induce voters to vote for the party and hence secure electoral victory. Chee also wanted the High Court to declare the ban on podcasting during election period as unconstitutional.[64] Chee did not pay the $5000 security costs on time, and the Elections Department did not accept her payment as a result. Senior State Counsel Jeffrey Chan said her petition would be deemed to have lapsed the moment she failed to meet the deadline to furnish the security amount for costs and asked the election judge to dismiss the matter.[65] On 22 June, Election Judge Andrew Phang dismissed her application and awarded costs to the Attorney General whom Chee had named as defendant. Her attempt to extend her security deposit payment time was denied by the High Court. As a result, a hearing scheduled on 27 June did not take place. Chee had not followed the rules of the Parliamentary Elections Act which requires them to pay the security deposit within three days after filing the petition.[66]

New cabinet[edit]

The new cabinet was sworn-in on 30 May 2006. Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong made few changes in his administration. In the only change at the ministerial level, Raymond Lim was promoted to be the Minister for Transport replacing Yeo Cheow Tong. Five new faces were sworn into political office, namely Lui Tuck Yew, Lee Yi Shyan, Grace Fu, Teo Ser Luck and Masagos Zulkifli. They hold the roles of Minister of State or Parliamentary secretaries in political office. Minister for Education Tharman Shanmugaratnam was given another role as Second Minister for Finance. Transport Minister Raymond Lim relinquished his roles as Second Minister for Finance and Minister in the Prime Minister's Office. Minister for Community Development, Youth and Sports Vivian Balakrishnan also had a second post as Second Minister for Information, Communications and the Arts as he relinquished his Second Minister for Trade and Industry portfolio. Senior Minister of State Balaji Sadasivan relinquished his position as Senior Minister of State for Ministry of Health for the Foreign Affairs Ministry. However, he continued as Senior Minister for State for the MICA. Heng Chee How took Balaji's place as Senior Minister of State for Health; he relinquished his appointments in the Ministry of National Development and Mayor for the Central Community Development Council. Zainul Abidin Rasheed was appointed Senior Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and Koo Tsai Kee Minister of State for Defence. Re-elected MPs, namely S Iswaran, Amy Khor and Zainudin Nordin, took political office as well.[67]

Influence of the Internet[edit]

The Internet played a much more significant role compared to previous general elections. Singapore has a large number of computer users, with 74% of households owning computers and 2 in 3 households having Internet access.[68] Podcasts, blogs, and online political discussions have become common in Singaporean cyberspace. A blog called "SGRally"[69] was set up to collect recorded rally speeches in this election. Opposition candidates had complained about insufficient rally sites allocated to them in past elections.

In August 2005, Singapore Democratic Party became the first political party in Singapore to launch a podcast called RadioSDP on its party website.[70] Several members of the Workers' Party are active in blogsphere; the notable bloggers are James Gomez, Goh Meng Seng, and Melvin Tan.

On 25 February 2006, the Department of Political Science, National University of Singapore organised a public forum on politics titled "The (In)Significance of Political Elections in Singapore?" Among the speakers were 2nd Assistant Secretary-General of Workers' Party James Gomez, Nominated Member of Parliament (NMP) Geh Min, and former NMP Chandra Mohan. A recording of the forum is available via podcast.[71]

Regulations[edit]

An article in Today newspaper on 18 March 2006 describes the issues concerning political websites during election period. Anonymous bloggers are depicted as faces covered by paper bags.

Regulation of political content online was an issue throughout the election period. The Media Development Authority (MDA) had reminded Internet content providers to comply with the law of Singapore, including those relating to political content. Online bloggers and podcasts are subject to the Parliamentary Elections Act.[72][73]

In a notification issued by MDA under the Broadcasting Act,[74] all political websites are required to register with the MDA. These websites include those belonging to political parties as well as to "individuals, groups, organisations and corporations engaged in providing any programme for the propagation, promotion or discussion of political or religious issues relating to Singapore on the World Wide Web through the Internet."[75] A MDA spokesperson said that only a handful of websites have registered and that they mostly belonged to political parties or registered political associations.

Political analyst Cherian George noted that the regulation would hinder the development of citizen journalism in Singapore.[76] A number of bloggers and political commentators had noted that the rules are too broadly defined and were unsure how they would be enforced. They protested that this was a violation of freedom of speech. A candidate Goh Meng Seng (WP) refused to register his blog, saying "I don't see the need to do so as an individual citizen. We have our rights to our political views."[77]

In a parliament session on 3 April 2006, Balaji Sadasivan, the senior minister of state for information, communications and the arts, made some clarification on the regulation in response to a question by Low Thia Khiang. Balaji said that podcasting and streaming of videos were prohibited during the election. On the other hand, pictures of election candidates, political party histories and manifestos were allowed to be used as election advertising on the Internet. He added that bloggers who persistently promoted political views had to register with the MDA. During elections, only political parties, candidates and election agents are allowed to advertise. Balaji warned that those who violate the rules would face prosecution, and said "In a free-for-all internet environment, where there are no rules, political debate could easily degenerate into an unhealthy, unreliable and dangerous discourse, flush with rumours and distortions to mislead and confuse the public."[78] The regulation of political content on the Internet had previously led to the closing down of a popular discussion forum website Sintercom in 2001, after the owner refused to register with the authority and voluntarily shutdown his website.[79] Additionally, publication of election surveys during the election period or exit polls was banned.[73]

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External links[edit]

Official websites of political parties

News medial special coverage

Other official information