Singleton, West Sussex
Singleton shown within West Sussex
|Area||16.02 km2 (6.19 sq mi) |
|Population||476  2001 Census|
|– density||30/km2 (78/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||49 miles (79 km) NE|
|Shire county||West Sussex|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
The village name is derived from the Anglo-Saxon 'sengel', which means "burnt clearing".
The Weald and Downland Open Air Museum of Historic Buildings is situated on the edge of the village. Over 40 historic buildings from south-east England have been rescued from destruction, dismantled and reconstructed on the site.
A railway served the village at Singleton station between 1880 and 1953. The station complex is now in use as a private dwelling place.
The parish has a land area of 1601.8 hectares (3956 acres). In the 2001 census there were 199 households containing 476 people, of whom 199 were economically active.
The parish church
The Anglican parish church has Anglo-Saxon nave walls and massive square tower. The aisles were added later. This was a hundredal church, the central church of the Hundred of Singleton, a Saxon administrative grouping of parishes. The tower has three Saxon windows and a Saxon doorway leading into thin air high up in the nave, showing that there was once an upper room above the nave. It is likely that the priests for the churches in the hundred would have lived in this room. The Saxon tower arch was rebuilt in the twelfth or thirteenth century with a pointed arch. The pews are from the Tudor period.
There is an oil well in Singleton forest in the north of the parish. There were two pollution incidents at the Singleton Oil Field (now operated by IGas but operated by a different company when the incidents occurred). These occurred in the early 1990s, and were caused by failure of cement behind the conductor and the 9 5/8-inch casing. This was identified as a result of five groundwater monitoring boreholes installed at the Singleton Oil Field in 1993. The leak was from the well cellar (cement lined cavity in which the well head sits) via the preinstalled conductor and the 9 5/8-inch casing, both of which appear not to have been adequately cemented in-situ in at least onewell. A thorough investigation commenced in 1997, including the drilling of a number (>11) of additional boreholes, and the carrying out of tracer tests and CCTV examination under the auspices of, and in consultation with, the UK Environment Agency. The leak paths, once identified and verified, were remediated. Monitoring has continued since that time and the observed pollution levels have remained below those set by the Environment Agency as requiring further action.
- "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish". West Sussex County Council. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
- 'Singleton', A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 4: The Rape of Chichester (1953), pp. 118-121.
- "Providence Resources plc Singleton Oil Well Brought on Stream". OilVoice. 27 December 2005. Retrieved 13 June 2009.
- Davies, R.J., et al., Oil and gas wells and their integrity: Implications for shale and unconventional resource exploitation, Marine and Petroleum Geology (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.03.001
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