Singpho dialect

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Native to India
Ethnicity Singpho
Native speakers
2,500  (2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sgp
Glottolog sing1264[2]
Traditional Singpho attire

Singpho is a dialect of the Jingpho language spoken by the Singpho people of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. It is spoken by at least 3,000 people. "Singpho" is the local pronunciation of "Jingpho".

The Jingpho/Singpho (Jinghpaw, Chingp'o), or Kachin, language is a Tibeto-Burman language mainly spoken in Kachin State, Burma (Myanmar) and Yunnan Province, China. The term Kachin language can refer either to the Jingpho language or to a group of languages spoken by various ethnic groups in the same region as Jingpo: Lisu, Lachit, Rawang, Zaiwa, Lhaovo, Achang (Ngo Chang), and Jingpho. These languages are from distinct branches of the highest level of the Tibeto-Burman family. Total estimated native speakers are 950,000 (2001 census).

Singpho is spoken the eastern extreme of northeastern India, such as Bordumsa Circle, Tirap District, Arunachal Pradesh, and also in nearby parts of Lohit District (Dasgupta 1979).

The Jingpho alphabet is based on the Latin script. Jingpho has verbal morphology that marks the subject and the direct object. Here is one example (the tonemes are not marked). The verb is 'to be' (rai).

person and number present past
1sg rai n ngai rai sa ngai
2sg rai n dai rai sin dai
3sg rai ai rai sai
1pl rai ga ai rai sa ga dai
2pl rai ma dai rai ma sin dai
3pl rai ma ai rai ma sai

Jingpho syllable finals can consist of vowels, nasals, or oral stops.

Jingpho/Singpho language has five tones. For Example:

Wa (high short tone) compensate Á
Wa (middle tone) teeth Ä
Wa (high tone) father Ã
Wa (Low tone) come back Ā
Wa (Low short tone) pig Ą

Tones are not usually marked in writing.


  1. ^ Singpho at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Singpho". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.