Singrauli district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous town, see Singrauli.
Singrauli district
सिंगरौली जिला
District of Madhya Pradesh
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
Administrative division Rewa
Headquarters Singrauli
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Sidhi
 • Assembly seats 1. Chitrangi
2. Singrauli
3. Devsar
Area
 • Total 5,672 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,178,132
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 62.36 per cent
 • Sex ratio 916
Website Official website

Singrauli district (Hindi: सिंगरौली जिला) is one of the districts in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

History[edit]

Singrauli district came into existence on 24 May 2008, with its headquarters at Waidhan. It was formed by separating three tehsils of the erstwhile Sidhi district: Singrauli, Deosar and Chitrangi.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Singrauli district covers an area of 5,672 square kilometres (2,190 sq mi).[3]

Divisions[edit]

Singrauli district comprises three tehsils, namely, Singrauli, Deosar and Chitrangi.[1]

There are three Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district, namely, Chitrangi, Singrauli and Devsar. All of these are part of Sidhi Lok Sabha constituency

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Singrauli district has a population of 1,178,132,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Timor-Leste[5] or the US state of Rhode Island.[6] This gives it a ranking of 402nd in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 208 inhabitants per square kilometre (540 /sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.03%.[4] Singrauli has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 62.36%.[4]

Economy[edit]

The Rihand Dam was built in 1961 across the Rihand River at Pipri in the neighbouring district of Sonbhadra, in Uttar Pradesh.[7] Later, rich coal deposits spread over an area of 2,200 square kilometres (850 sq mi) across the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh were discovered close to the artificial lake, Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar formed by the Rihand Dam. That lead to the transformation and development of the area.[1]

Coal mining and power[edit]

Northern Coalfields is the major business of the district. The headquarters of the company are at Singrauli. The company is a subsidiary of Coal India, which is the largest coal producing company in world.[citation needed]

The Singrauli Coalfield can be divided into two basins, viz. Moher sub-basin (312 km2.) and Singrauli Main basin (1890 km2.). The major part of the Moher sub-basin lies in the Sidhi district of Madhya Pradesh and a small part lies in the Sonebhadra district of Uttar Pradesh. Singrauli main basin lies in the western part of the coalfield and is largely unexplored. The present coal mining activities and future blocks are concentrated in Moher sub-basin. Lignite is the form of coal excavated from these coal mines. These coal mines are a hub for the Heavy Earth Moving Machines (HEMM).

The exploration carried out by GSI/NCDC/CMPDI has proved abundant resource of power grade coal in the area. This in conjunction with easy water resource from Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar makes this region an ideal location for high capacity pithead power plants. The coal supplies from NCL has made it possible to produce more than 11000 MW of electricity from pithead power plants of National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd (UPRVUNL) and Renupower division of M/s. Hindalco Industries. The region is now called the Power Capital of India. The ultimate capacity of power generation of these power plants is 13295 MW and NCL is fully prepared to meet the increased demand of coal for the purpose. In addition, NCL supplies coal to power plants of Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam, Delhi Vidyut Board (DVB) and Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited.

NCL produces coal through mechanised opencast mines but its commitments towards environmental protection is total. It is one of very few companies engaged in mining activities, which has got ISO –14001 Certification for its environmental systems.

NCL, through its community development programmes, has significantly contributed towards improvement and development of the area. It is helping local tribal, non-tribal and project-affected persons in overall improvement of quality of their life through self-employments schemes, imparting education and providing health care.

Culture[edit]

The famous temples of Singrauli are Hanuman Mandir of Jhingurdah, about 8 kilometres from the city and Jwala Mukhi about 15 km from Singrauli Rly. station. Other temples include Gayatri temple & Shiv Mandir, situated at Vindhyanagar, 15 km from Singrauli. Jagannath Temple, Jayant,is a famous Hindu shrine (Lord Jagannath). The most prominent festivals in this area are Durga pooja and Deepawali. In Hanuman mandir a grand mela (fair) is also organised. Nuri mosque at Waidhan is the biggest mosque around city.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "District Singrauli". Singrauli district administration. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 
  2. ^ "Singrauli district comes into being". Press Release, 24 May 2008. Department of Public Relations, Madhya Pradesh. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 
  3. ^ "District Singrauli". Singrauli district administration. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Timor-Leste 1,177,834 July 2011 est." 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Rhode Island 1,052,567" 
  7. ^ "Rihand dam". india9. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 

External links[edit]

  • [1] list of places in Singrauli

Coordinates: 24°12′00″N 82°40′12″E / 24.20000°N 82.67000°E / 24.20000; 82.67000