Sinigrin

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Sinigrin
Sinigrin-2D-skeletal.png
Sinigrin-3D-balls.png
Identifiers
CAS number 3952-98-5 YesY
PubChem 23682211
MeSH Sinigrin
ChEBI CHEBI:79317
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C10H16KNO9S2
Molar mass 397.46 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Sinigrin is a glucosinolate that belongs to the family of glucosides found in some plants of the Brassicaceae family such as Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra) to name but a few. Whenever sinigrin-containing plant tissue is crushed or otherwise damaged, the enzyme myrosinase degrades sinigrin to a mustard oil (allyl isothiocyanate), which is responsible for the pungent taste of mustard and horseradish.[1] Seeds of white mustard, Sinapis alba, will give a much less pungent mustard because this species contains a different glucosinolate, sinalbin.

The chemical name of sinigrin is allylglucosinolate or 2-propenylglucosinolate.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Richard, H. "Arômes alimentaires". 

External links[edit]