Yezidi Temple in Sinjar, 2004.
|Country||Iraq (de jure)|
|Elevation||522 m (1,713 ft)|
|Time zone||Arabia Standard Time (UTC+3)|
Sinjar (Arabic: سنجار, Sorani Kurdish: شنگال Şingal, Syriac: ܫܝܓܪ šiggar) is a town in northwestern Iraq's Ninawa Governorate on Mount Sinjar near the Syrian border. Its population in 2013 was estimated at 23,023. The town is mainly inhabited by Yezidis with Arab and Assyrian minorities.
The important Chermera temple (meaning "40 Men") is found at the highest peak of the Sinjar mountains.
A huge mound and wall in northeastern Syria known as Tell Hamoukar indicate an urban civilization dating back at least 6,000 years. The Sinjar valley belonged to the Northern Ubaid culture. In the Sinjar plain, where Tell Hamoukar is located, civilizations are known to have existed many centuries earlier (Hassuna, Halaf, Ubaid). More than 200 sites are known.
In August 2014, the Battle of Sinjar raged between Sunni militants of Islamic State and Kurdish Peshmerga, leading to a mass exodus of residents, especially from the Yezidi community, branded by Islamic State as "devil worshipers", after the Peshmerga was defeated. The New York Times reported that "ISIS executed dozens of Yazidi men, and kept the dead men’s wives [alive] for unmarried jihadi fighters."
- "Iraq: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer.[dead link]
- "The Selection of Treasures Regarding Precious Stones". World Digital Library. 1700–1800. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
- Lawrence F. Kaplan. "Devil's Advocates". New Republic.
- Loveday Morris (3 August 2014). "Islamic State seizes town of Sinjar, pushing out Kurds and sending Yazidis fleeing". Washington Post (WP website). Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- Jihadists Rout Kurds in North and Seize Strategic Iraqi Dam. By Tim Arango. August 7, 2014