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Arabic: سنجار
Kurdish: شەنگال
Yezidi Temple on Mount Sinjar, 2004.
Yezidi Temple on Mount Sinjar, 2004.
Sinjar is located in Iraq
Location within Iraq
Coordinates: 36°19′21″N 41°51′51″E / 36.32250°N 41.86417°E / 36.32250; 41.86417Coordinates: 36°19′21″N 41°51′51″E / 36.32250°N 41.86417°E / 36.32250; 41.86417
Country  Iraq (de jure)
Governorate Nineveh
District Sinjar District
Elevation 522 m (1,713 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 88,023
Time zone GMT (UTC+3)

Sinjar, also known as Shingal, (Arabic: سنجار Sinjar) (Kurdish: :شەنگال Şengal) (Syriac: ܫܝܓܳܪ Shiggor) is a town in Sinjar District, Nineveh Province, Iraq near Mount Sinjar, close to the border with Syrian Kurdistan, that Kurds call Rojava. Its population in 2013 was estimated at 88,023.[1] The town is mainly inhabited by Yazidis with Arab and Assyrian minorities.

The city was a famous Assyrian Church of the East diocese in the 8th century.[2]

The important Chermera temple (meaning 40 Men) is found at the highest peak of the Sinjar Mountains.


In 2007, several explosions set off by al-Qaeda in Iraq killed hundreds of Yazidis in Sinjar.[3]

In August 2014, the Siege of Mount Sinjar raged between Sunni the militants of ISIS and the Kurdish Peshmerga, leading to a mass exodus of residents, especially from the Yazidi community, branded by the Islamic State as "devil worshipers", after the Peshmerga was defeated.[4] The New York Times reported that "ISIS executed dozens of Yazidi men, and kept the dead men’s wives [alive] for unmarried jihadi fighters."[5]

On the night of 20 December 2014, Kurdish forces pushed into the city of Sinjar near the end of a massive offensive.[6] However, the Kurdish advance into the city was stalled, as they faced fierce resistance from the ISIL militants inside the southern half of the city.[7]

See also[edit]

Districts of Nineveh


  1. ^ "Iraq: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. [dead link]
  2. ^ A short history of Syriac literature. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Shefler, Gil (August 7, 2014). "Islamic State accused of capturing Yazidi women and forcing them to convert, or else". Washington Post. Religion News Service. Retrieved October 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ Loveday Morris (3 August 2014). "Islamic State seizes town of Sinjar, pushing out Kurds and sending Yazidis fleeing". Washington Post (WP website). Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Jihadists Rout Kurds in North and Seize Strategic Iraqi Dam. By Tim Arango. August 7, 2014
  6. ^ "Iraq's Kurds press offensive against Islamic State in Sinjar". DPA International. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Iraqi Kurds Advance Against Islamic State in Sinjar". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 21 December 2014.