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Kurdish: Şengal - شەنگال
Yezidi Temple in Sinjar, 2004.
Yezidi Temple in Sinjar, 2004.
Sinjar  Shingal is located in Iraq
Sinjar  Shingal
Location within Iraq
Coordinates: 36°19′21″N 41°51′51″E / 36.32250°N 41.86417°E / 36.32250; 41.86417Coordinates: 36°19′21″N 41°51′51″E / 36.32250°N 41.86417°E / 36.32250; 41.86417
Country  Iraq (de jure)
Governorate Nineveh
District Shingal
Elevation 522 m (1,713 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 88,023
Time zone GMT (UTC+3)

Sinjar also known as Shingal (Kurdish: :شەنگال Şengal) (Syriac: ܫܝܓܳܪ Shiggar) is a town in Iraq's Nineveh province near Mount Shengal close to the border with Syrian Kurdistan, that Kurds call Rojava. Its population in 2013 was estimated at 88,023.[1] The town is mainly inhabited by Yazidi Kurds with Arab and Assyrian minorities.

The city was a famous Assyrian Church of the East diocese in the 8th century. [2]

The important Chermera temple (meaning 40 Men) is found at the highest peak of the Shengal mountains.


In 2007, several explosions set off by al-Qaeda in Iraq killed hundreds of Yazidis in Shengal.[3]

In August 2014, the Battle of Shingal raged between Sunni militants of ISIS and Kurdish Peshmerga, leading to a mass exodus of residents, especially from the Yazidi community, branded by Islamic State as "devil worshipers", after the Peshmerga was defeated.[4] The New York Times reported that "ISIS executed dozens of Yazidi men, and kept the dead men’s wives [alive] for unmarried jihadi fighters."[5]

See also[edit]