Yezidi Temple on Mount Sinjar, 2004.
|Country||Iraq (de jure)|
|Elevation||522 m (1,713 ft)|
|Time zone||GMT (UTC+3)|
Sinjar, also known as Shingal, (Arabic: سنجار Sinjar) (Kurdish: :شەنگال Şengal) (Syriac: ܫܝܓܳܪ Shiggor) is a town in Sinjar District, Nineveh Province, Iraq near Mount Sinjar, close to the border with Syrian Kurdistan, that Kurds call Rojava. Its population in 2013 was estimated at 88,023. The town is mainly inhabited by Yazidis with Arab and Assyrian minorities.
The important Chermera temple (meaning 40 Men) is found at the highest peak of the Sinjar Mountains.
In August 2014, the Siege of Mount Sinjar raged between Sunni the militants of ISIS and the Kurdish Peshmerga, leading to a mass exodus of residents, especially from the Yazidi community, branded by the Islamic State as "devil worshipers", after the Peshmerga was defeated. The New York Times reported that "ISIS executed dozens of Yazidi men, and kept the dead men’s wives [alive] for unmarried jihadi fighters."
On the night of 20 December 2014, Kurdish forces pushed into the city of Sinjar near the end of a massive offensive. However, the Kurdish advance into the city was stalled, as they faced fierce resistance from the ISIL militants inside the southern half of the city.
- Sinjar massacre
- Sinjar offensive
- Military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
- "Iraq: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer.[dead link]
- A short history of Syriac literature. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Shefler, Gil (August 7, 2014). "Islamic State accused of capturing Yazidi women and forcing them to convert, or else". Washington Post. Religion News Service. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Loveday Morris (3 August 2014). "Islamic State seizes town of Sinjar, pushing out Kurds and sending Yazidis fleeing". Washington Post (WP website). Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- Jihadists Rout Kurds in North and Seize Strategic Iraqi Dam. By Tim Arango. August 7, 2014
- "Iraq's Kurds press offensive against Islamic State in Sinjar". DPA International. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Iraqi Kurds Advance Against Islamic State in Sinjar". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 21 December 2014.