Sinjar (Arabic:سنجار, Kurdish: Şengal, Syriac: ܫܝܓܪ šiggar) is a town in northwestern Iraq's Ninawa Governorate on Mount Sinjar near the Syrian border. Its population at the time of the 2006 census was 40,000. The town is mainly inhabited by Yezidi Kurds with Arab and Assyrian minorities.
A huge mound and wall in northeastern Syria known as Tell Hamoukar indicate an urban civilisation dating back at least 6,000 years. The Sinjar valley belonged to the Northern Ubaid culture. In the Sinjar plain, where Tell Hamoukar is located, civilizations are known to have existed many centuries earlier (Hassuna, Halaf, Ubaid). More than 200 sites are known.
Sinjar was the site of the filming, and some of the plot, for the 1973 film The Exorcist.
- Iraq: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population
- "The Selection of Treasures Regarding Precious Stones". World Digital Library. 1700-1800. Retrieved 2013-07-14.