Yezidi Temple in Sinjar, 2004.
|Country||Iraq (de jure)|
|Elevation||522 m (1,713 ft)|
|Time zone||GMT (UTC+3)|
Sinjar also known as Shingal (Arabic: سنجار Sinjar) (Kurdish: :شەنگال Şengal) (Syriac: ܫܝܓܳܪ Shiggor) is a town in Iraq's Nineveh province near Mount Sinjar, close to the border with Syrian Kurdistan, that Kurds call Rojava. Its population in 2013 was estimated at 88,023. The town is mainly inhabited by Yazidis with Arab and Assyrian minorities.
The important Chermera temple (meaning 40 Men) is found at the highest peak of the Shengal mountains.
In August 2014, the Siege of Mount Sinjar raged between Sunni militants of ISIS and the Kurdish Peshmerga, leading to a mass exodus of residents, especially from the Yazidi community, branded by Islamic State as "devil worshipers", after the Peshmerga was defeated. The New York Times reported that "ISIS executed dozens of Yazidi men, and kept the dead men’s wives [alive] for unmarried jihadi fighters."
- Sinjar massacre
- Sinjar offensive
- Military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
- "Iraq: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer.[dead link]
- A short history of Syriac literature. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- Shefler, Gil (August 7, 2014). "Islamic State accused of capturing Yazidi women and forcing them to convert, or else". Washington Post. Religion News Service. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Loveday Morris (3 August 2014). "Islamic State seizes town of Sinjar, pushing out Kurds and sending Yazidis fleeing". Washington Post (WP website). Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- Jihadists Rout Kurds in North and Seize Strategic Iraqi Dam. By Tim Arango. August 7, 2014