Sinnissippi Mounds

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Sinnissippi Site
Sterling Il Sinnissippi Site5.jpg
Location Sterling, Whiteside County, Illinois
Coordinates 41°47′50″N 89°39′35″W / 41.79722°N 89.65972°W / 41.79722; -89.65972Coordinates: 41°47′50″N 89°39′35″W / 41.79722°N 89.65972°W / 41.79722; -89.65972
Area 6 acres (2.4 ha)
Built c. 1 BCE
Architectural style Burial mound
Governing body Sterling Park District
NRHP Reference # 79000874[1]
Added to NRHP May 14, 1979

The Sinnissippi Mounds are a Havana Hopewell culture burial mound grouping located in the city of Sterling, Illinois, United States.

History[edit]

The mounds are a product of the Hopewell tradition which flourished in the Sterling area around 2,000 years ago. At that time, the area was at the center of a vast trade network that stretched up and down the Mississippi River. Mounds such as the Sinnissippi are common throughout the Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys.[2]

Modern Discovery[edit]

The first settler in Sterling, Hezekiah Brink, noted the mounds when he arrived in 1834. Among some of the other early settlers were a group of men who were interested in starting a Science Club. The Sterling Scientific Club, in existence as early as the 1870s, made one of their goals the investigation of the burial mounds near the Rock River.[3]

W. C. Holbrook investigated the mounds in 1877 and published a lengthy written account in History of Whiteside County, Illinois, published 1877.[3] One year later, another written account of a mound investigation appeared in The Sterling Gazette.[3] After the 1870s, the burial mounds were looted and most of the archaeologically significant material removed.[3]

Sinnissippi Site[edit]

One of the larger-sized mounds found at Sinnissippi Site

The Sinnissippi Mounds are part of the Sterling Park District's largest park, Sinnissippi Park. The park was acquired in parcels beginning in 1934[4] The area of the park where the mounds are found, on a bluff overlooking the Rock River, was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on May 14, 1979 as the Sinnissippi Site. It is listed as one of the National Register's "address restricted" sites, despite its public nature.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ Walters, Andrew. "Historian's work unravels mystery of local mounds", saukvalley.com, February 12, 2007, accessed April 15, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d Benson, Gunner. "The Sinnissippi Mounds in Sterling, Illinois", June, 1972, accessed April 15, 2008.
  4. ^ "Sinnissippi Park", Sterling Park District, official site, accessed April 15, 2008.

External links[edit]