Sinop, Mato Grosso
|Sinop, Mato Grosso|
|The Municipality of Sinop|
|Nickname(s): "Capital of Big North" ("Capital do Nortão")|
Location of Sinop, Mato Grosso
|Founded||September 14. 1974|
|• Mayor||Juarez Costa (PMDB)|
|• Total||3,194.339 km2 (1,233.341 sq mi)|
|Elevation||384 m (1,259 ft)|
|• Density||36.318/km2 (94.06/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
Sinop is a city on the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. Being the fourth largest city in the state, its population in 2011 is estimated at more than 110,000 inhabitants, placing Sinop in 229th place in Brazil. It has an area of 3194.339 km ². There is installed a Sivam radar, for monitoring the Amazon. Also Embrapa has a branch in Sinop, the only one in the state of Mato Grosso. It is known as the Capital of Nortão, currently being a reference city throughout northern Mato Grosso.
Sinop is located in the northwest of the Midwest region of Brazil, in the north of Mato Grosso, in the micro-region of Sinop. Located at latitude 11 º 50'53 " South and longitude 55 ° 38'57" West. Geographical data from Sinop:
- Geological formation: non-folded covers the Phanerozoic and Quaternary basin of the Upper Xingu
- Relief and altitude: Residual Northern Plateau and Mato Grosso Plateau Parecis.
- Altitude of 384 meters above the sea level.
- Hydrography: Amazon Basin. Teles Pires River, a major tributary of the Rio Tapajos.
- Climate and rainfall: equatorial, with about six months of drought and annual rainfall of 2,500 mm.
- Average annual temperature of 24 °C (between 40 °C and the minimum below 20 °C).
- Area: 3194.339 km ² urban and 9 of 17 km
In the early '70s, a company, Sinop Terras, started the construction of a city in northern Mato Grosso, on a land tract called Gleba Celeste, divided into 5 lots. The construction of Sinop resembles the construction of Brasilia, which occurred over 10 years ago, because either one and the other were built very quickly (in a few years. Colonization initially was made by Paraná settlers, but soon, a phenomenon of population explosion extended to Brazilians from all regions of the country, especially from the South, North and Northeast of Brazil.
In 1948 Ênio Pipino and João Pedro Moreira de Carvalho founded Sociedade Imobiliária Noroeste do Paraná (Northwestern Paraná Real Estate Society), better known as Sinop Terras S / A. In 1954 Pipino goes to the State, where he founded several cities. In the early '70s, the north of Mato Grosso was scarcely populated. An area of 645 hectares called Gleba Celeste (which originated Sinop) initiates colonization, situated 500 km from Cuiaba BR-163 (Cuiabá-Santarém excerpt).
The Núcleo de Colonização Celeste (Celeste Center for Settlement) belonged to Jorge Martins Phillip and had initial area of 198 000 hectares of land designated for settlement, being acquired in 1971 by Pipino. The opening of the first streets of Sinop began in May 1972 and then the first families of pioneers arrived in the city. Until then travel to the interior of Paraná Sinop took 7 days. But despite this great difficulty, the migratory flow towards the West that accompanied the indentation of the agricultural frontier in northern Mato Grosso grew increasingly. The project execution took place about 400 men and machines who crossed the Verde River and opened the first bites in the jungle.
The date of its foundation ended up being on September 14, 1974 and the acronym SINOP was adopted as the city's name, not to be confused with the ancient city in the province of Sinop, Turkey of that nomenclature, all being extremely fast (Sinop building reminds a bit the construction of Brasilia, which occurred more than 10 years earlier) and the largest number of migrants occurred in 1975. The city was already a real construction site, with more than 20 blocks, 1400 km of local roads, experimental fields, community center, schools, infrastructure support to meet new people, who were Brazilians from all regions of the country.
On July 24, 1976, the then Governor José Garcia Neto signed the Law 3.754/76, rising Sinop to the rank of district of Chapada dos Guimarães. On December 17, 1979, the Governor Frederico Campos signed Law 4.156/79, which raised Sinop to a municipality.
The principal economic activity is the provision of services, with great emphasis also to the livestock industry (cattle and pigs), cotton and grains (soybeans, corn and rice) cultivation and timber industry. There are over 10 000 companies located in Sinop of which 1,401 belong to the industry sector, 3,197 of wholesale and retail, and 392 to 5243 services. The city is working on creating projects for the installation of two industrial districts (DIC's) in the municipality, one designed for companies and other for non-polluting pollutants by facilitating the structuring of areas.
The agricultural sector is considered its main economic activity, especially for growing grain
Sinop has approximately 1,000 industries, especially in the logging industry.
Details of the city of Sinop
- Sinop - latitude and longitude information
- Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) (Portuguese)