|• McCune-Reischauer||Sinp'o si|
|• Revised Romanization||Sinpo-si|
|Province||South Hamgyong Province|
|Administrative divisions||15 tong, 13 ri|
Sinpo is a port city on the coast of the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) in central South Hamgyong province, North Korea. According to the last available census, approximately 158,000 people reside here.
The average temperature is -4.1 ℃ in January and 22.6 ℃ in August. The average annual rainfall is 688 millimeters.
Near Sinpo in 1987 the building of first national nuclear plant was started by the USSR but construction was cancelled in 1991 due to lack of funding and in 1993 finally according to political reasons.
Later this place was the site of two planned reactors which were to have been built by the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) with international support. Preparations on site began in 1994 and construction of a reactor started in 1997, but was never completed. The last foreign workers were removed from the area in January 2006.
Sinpo may have been the site of a severe railroad accident in 1995, with over 700 civilians killed. Those who died were passengers from the lower classes, packed into standing-room only cars. The survivors, mostly party elites and their relatives, were in safer cars at the front of the train.
- Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5
- (Korean) In Korean language online encyclopedias:
- City profile of Sinpo
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