Sinsheim

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Not to be confused with Sinzheim.
Sinsheim
Panoramic view
Panoramic view
Coat of arms of Sinsheim
Coat of arms
Sinsheim  is located in Germany
Sinsheim
Sinsheim
Coordinates: 49°15′N 08°53′E / 49.250°N 8.883°E / 49.250; 8.883Coordinates: 49°15′N 08°53′E / 49.250°N 8.883°E / 49.250; 8.883
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
Government
 • Mayor Jörg Albrecht
Area
 • Total 127.01 km2 (49.04 sq mi)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 34,791
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 74871-74889
Dialling codes 07260, 07261, 07265, 07266, 07268
Vehicle registration HD
Historical buildings in the principal street
Burg Steinsberg
The monastery Stift Sunnisheim

Sinsheim (German pronunciation: [ˈzɪnshaɪ̯m]) is a town in southwestern Germany, in the Rhine Neckar Area of the state Baden-Württemberg about 22 kilometers southeast of Heidelberg and about 28 kilometers northwest of Heilbronn in the district Rhein-Neckar.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

It consists of a town center and 12 suburbs with a total population of 35,373 (as of December 2011). Its area encompasses 127 square kilometers (49 sq mi). The Elsenz, an unnavigable left-bank tributary of the Neckar, flows through the town, reaching the Neckar at Neckargemünd.

Subdivisions[edit]

The list below shows the 12 suburban villages (Stadtteile)[2] Population data was as of 31 December 2004 and the one of Sinsheim (the town proper) was of 12,229.

Village Population
Wappen Adersbach.png Adersbach 565
Wappen Duehren.png Dühren 2,374
Wappen Ehrstaedt.png Ehrstädt 638
Wappen Eschelbach.png Eschelbach 2,353
Wappen Hasselbach.png Hasselbach 299
Wappen Hilsbach.png Hilsbach 2,199
Village Population
Wappen Hoffenheim.png Hoffenheim 3,286
Wappen Reihen.png Reihen 2,086
COA Rohrbach (Sinsheim).svg Rohrbach 2,020
Wappen Steinsfurt.png Steinsfurt 3,295
Wappen Waldangelloch.png Waldangelloch 1,740
Wappen Weilersi.png Weiler 2,008

History[edit]

The region around Sinsheim has been settled since 700,000 BC, as shown by the finding of the fossil Homo heidelbergensis in the village of Mauer, about 12 km (7 miles) north of Sinsheim. The Romans ruled the area from 90 AD to 260 AD. The city was possibly founded in about 550 AD by the Frankish nobleman Sunno. It was first historically mentioned in 770 AD in the Codex of the cloister Lorsch. Since 1192, the town had city rights, a privilege first granted by Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

Sinsheim has been a rather poor town throughout the ages, and has been affected heavily by wars from the 16th to the 18th century. Sinsheim-born revolutionary Franz Sigel became a famous Union general in the American Civil War.

The Elsenz Valley Railway and Sinsheim station were opened in 1868 and the nearby Steinsfurt–Eppingen line was opened in 1900; electricity and public water pipes were introduced into the city from 1910 on. The World Wars and the Great Depression kept Sinsheim from growing until the A6 Autobahn was built in 1968. It connected Sinsheim to national and international roads, with Mannheim, Stuttgart, Frankfurt am Main, Heilbronn, Heidelberg, Ludwigshafen all now within 1 hour by car. While traditionally being an agricultural town, the highway made it into a small industrial center, but it has been hit by recession and international outsourcing in recent years.

Demographics[edit]

The numbers are estimates, census results(¹) or official data of the statistical offices (only primary residences).

Year Population
14th century ca. 1,200
1705 823
1798 1,705
1852 2,854
1 December 1871 2,716
1 December 1880 ¹ 2,990
1 December 1890 ¹ 2,952
1 December 1900 ¹ 3,011
1 December 1910 ¹ 3,327
8 October 1919 ¹ 3,184
16 June 1925 ¹ 3,497
16 June 1933 ¹ 3,767
17 May 1939 ¹ 3,900
Year Population
December 1945 ¹ 4,101
13 September 1950 ¹ 5,860
6 June 1961 ¹ 6,532
27 May 1970 ¹ 8,056
31 December 1975 25,373
31 December 1980 26,658
27 May 1987 ¹ 27,454
31 December 1990 29,307
31 December 1995 32,828
31 December 2000 34,171
31 December 2005 35,524
31 December 2006 35,605
31 December 2011 35,373

¹ census results

Main sights[edit]

Sinsheim's main tourist attraction is the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum situated in the suburb Steinsfurt, displaying a collection of historic vehicles to over 1 million visitors per year. In 1989, a trade fair area was established that features all kinds of industrial and popular events.

Additionally, Sinsheim has a medieval city core; the Altes Rathaus (old Town Hall) is a museum for the town and its role in the 1848 revolution. An old fortress, Burg Steinsberg in the village of Weiler, overlooks Sinsheim. With its octagonal tower, dating back to the 13th century, the fortress has sometimes been called the "compass" of the Kraichgau region, and nowadays contains a restaurant.

Sport[edit]

Rhein-Neckar-Arena

Stadium[edit]

Main article: Rhein-Neckar-Arena

On September 19, 2006 the mayor of Sinsheim announced a stadium would be built not far from the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum, for the town's most successful football club TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. Construction of the 100 million stadium, which seats 30,164, was funded by Dietmar Hopp, a cofounder and major share holder of software giant SAP and a former player in the youth system of TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. The club christened their new stadium on 31 January 2009 with a 2–0 win over Energie Cottbus.

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Sinsheim at Wikimedia Commons