Sint-Pieters-Leeuw

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Sint-Pieters-Leeuw
Municipality of Belgium
Flag of Sint-Pieters-Leeuw
Flag
Coat of arms of Sint-Pieters-Leeuw
Coat of arms
Sint-Pieters-Leeuw is located in Belgium
Sint-Pieters-Leeuw
Sint-Pieters-Leeuw
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°47′N 04°15′E / 50.783°N 4.250°E / 50.783; 4.250Coordinates: 50°47′N 04°15′E / 50.783°N 4.250°E / 50.783; 4.250
Country Belgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province Flemish Brabant
Arrondissement Halle-Vilvoorde
Government
 • Mayor Luc Deconinck (N-VA)
 • Governing party/ies N-VA, CD&V
Area
 • Total 40.38 km2 (15.59 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 32,246
 • Density 800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Postal codes 1600-1602
Area codes 02
Website www.sint-pieters-leeuw.be

Sint-Pieters-Leeuw (Dutch pronunciation: [s̪ɪn̪t̪ ˌpiːt̪ərs̪ ˈleːʏ̯], French: Leeuw-Saint-Pierre) is a Dutch-speaking municipality of Belgium located in the province of Flemish Brabant (Flemish Region).

The municipality comprises the towns of Oudenaken, Ruisbroek, Sint-Laureins-Berchem, Sint-Pieters-Leeuw proper and Vlezenbeek. Sint-Pieters-Leeuw is located just outside the Brussels-Capital Region, in the Payottenland. The municipality is a blend of parks, castles, meadows and gardens with the Coloma park as its green heart.

On December 31, 2012, Sint-Pieters-Leeuw had a total population of 32,659. The total area is 40.38 km² which gives a population density of 808 inhabitants per km². It is a mostly residential community with largely preserved rural areas and some industrial zones.[2]

History[edit]

Coloma Rose Garden

The municipality is one of the largest municipalities in Flemish Brabant. The rural settlement grew into a major residential and professional community. Sint-Pieters-Leeuw has a lengthy history behind it.

The oldest document dates back to the 9th century and is a deed of donation by 'dame Angela', a noblewoman from Brabant, in which reference is made to a 'domain' of seven miles in length and one mile in width with a parent church and 9 subsidiary churches', donated to the chapter of Saint Peter in Deutz, Cologne.

From 1236 onwards the domain belonged to the Land of Gaasbeek. In 1284 Henry I, Duke of Brabant and lord of Gaasbeek, granted a copy of the local penal code to the populace, which led the municipality to long remain the principal seat of a 'meierij' (Dutch for a district over which a mayor has jurisdiction) and a college of Aldermen.

In 1687 the fiefdom of Gaasbeek was publicly sold in various parts. By marriage or inheritance both the water castle of Coloma, currently the Municipal Cultural Centre, and the rights of the fiefdom as well as all manner of provisions (among others mills) became the possession of important nobles and courtiers such as Jan Karel Roose, member of the Great Council of Mechelen and Vital-Alex de Coloma, chamberlain of empress Maria-Theresia.

Since 1 January 1977 the former municipalities of Sint-Pieters-Leeuw, Oudenaken, Ruisbroek, Sint-Laureins-Berchem and Vlezenbeek have been joined to form a new administrative residential community.

Sights[3][edit]

  • Coloma park with Coloma castle[4]
  • Rose garden and rose museum: besides the castle, the Coloma park has gained significant tourist attraction by the creation in 1995 of the Coloma Rose Garden. In the centre of Sint-Pieters-Leeuw bloom over 3,000 rose varieties from 25 different countries for a combined total of 300,000 flowers. Today it has become one of the most colourful natural areas in the Green Belt surrounding Brussels.[5]
  • The Sint-Pieters-Leeuw Tower, sometimes called the VRT-tower, is a 300 metre tall transmitter tower. Built in 1996, it is the tallest free standing structure in Belgium.[6]
  • Witse-tree, a tree known for being used in the popular crime drama, Witse.
  • Castle of Klein-Bijgaarden, castle of the family Wittouck
  • Domain Groenenberg - Gaasbeek, castle and park
  • Zuunvallei, Natural landscape
  • Zobbroekvallei, Natural landscape
  • Hof ten Brukom
  • Hof ten Zellik
  • Castle of Rattendaal
  • Church of Our Lady
  • Rats Castle
  • Saint Peter's Church
  • Chapel of the Holy Cross
  • Chapel of Saint Magdalen
  • Chapel of Saint Roch

Localized companies[edit]

Neuhaus,[7] an international exporter of fine Belgian chocolate, is based in Sint-Pieters-Leeuw, as well as Lindemans Brewery,[8] a brewery that produces lambics, a distinctly Belgian type of beer.

Other companies with a headquarters or main plant in Sint-Pieters-Leeuw include Belle-Vue Brewery, Mercedes-Benz Truck Center, Vanden Borre, Printer Systems (Avery Dennison), a Material Plant and Reinforcement Steel Plant of Besix and DATS 24 (a subsidiary of Colruyt).

Famous inhabitants[edit]

Twin Cities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]