Woluwe-Saint-Pierre

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Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Municipality of Belgium
Name transcription(s)
 • French Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
 • Dutch Sint-Pieters-Woluwe
Flag of Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Flag
Coat of arms of Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Coat of arms
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre is located in Belgium
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°50′N 04°28′E / 50.833°N 4.467°E / 50.833; 4.467Coordinates: 50°50′N 04°28′E / 50.833°N 4.467°E / 50.833; 4.467
Country Belgium
Community Flemish Community
French Community
Region Brussels
Arrondissement Brussels
Government
 • Mayor Willem Draps (MR)
Area
 • Total 8.85 km2 (3.42 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 40,037
 • Density 4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Postal codes 1150
Area codes 02
Website www.woluwe1150.be

Woluwe-Saint-Pierre (French pronunciation: ​[wolyˈwe sɛ̃ pjɛːʁ][2]) or Sint-Pieters-Woluwe (Dutch, pronounced [sɪnt ˈpitərs ˈwoːlywə] ( )) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. It is mostly a well-to-do residential area, which includes the wide, park-lined, Avenue de Tervueren and the numerous embassies located near the Montgomery Square. Of the three rivers that once crossed the municipality, only the Woluwe, a tributary of the Senne, can still largely be seen today.

Woluwe river

History[edit]

Middle Ages to Albert and Isabella[edit]

The first appearance of the name Wolewe dates from 1117 and can be found in a charter from Forest (Vorst in Dutch). At that time, the original hamlet and its farms were dependencies of the abbey of Park near Leuven. The onset of difficulties can be traced to the middle of the 16th century, with the hostilities waged by Philip II of Spain against the heretical Protestants and the ensuing poverty and famine took their toll on the entire population. Safety and prosperity returned under the reigns of Archdukes Albert and Isabella at the beginning of the 17th century. The first highway linking Tervuren to Brussels, then known as the “Street of the Duke”, dates from that period.

18th century until now[edit]

The French Revolution was also a troubled period for Woluwe-Saint-Pierre – Sint-Pieters-Woluwe. The roads became insecure; the religious freedoms were drastically curtailed; much of the local wild life was exterminated for food; and the lack of coal and wood forced people to use peat for heating. The local administration gained its independence from Brussels, obtained its first mayor on May 26 and its first municipal council in 1819. The commercial opportunities that opened up to the new commune marked the start of a new era of wealth. The city did not expand very fast, however, until the last two decades of the 19th century. New roads, such as the Tervuren Avenue, a new train track, imposing mansions, such as the “Stoclet Palace”, and the Woluwe Park were all built or designed between 1880 and 1910. An important race track, now demolished, was built in 1906. The residential areas came into being right after the First World War and further urbanization took place after the Second World War. Today, agriculture and fisheries, common before 1918, have completely disappeared. The area lives nearly exclusively off the service sector of the economy.

Sights[edit]

Woluwe Saint-Pierre’s town hall
  • The extensive Woluwe Park includes giant sequoias, cypresses, and a variety of birds such as swans, gulls, and herons.
  • The imposing modern city hall is open to visitors.
  • The town’s main church (Saint Peter) was erected in 1755 on the site of a much older building and perpendicular to it, with funds from the abbey of Forest. Traces of the older building can still be seen on the left of the current church.
  • Several turn-of-the-century houses and manors can still be seen today, such as the Stoclet Palace, which was built between 1905 and 1909 on a design by Josef Hoffmann and contains mosaics and paintings by Gustav Klimt.
  • The Bibliotheca Wittockiana houses one of the most prestigious bookbinding collections in the world.
  • The memorial on Avenue Jules Cesar to the Belgian United Nations Command, the force sent by Belgium to aid South Korea during the Korean War (1950-1953).

Famous inhabitants[edit]

Twin Cities[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2013 (XLS; 607.5 KB)
  2. ^ Woluwe-Saint-Pierre is sometimes also spelled in French: Woluwé-Saint-Pierre with an accent on the first "e". Though the first version (without an accent) is the official version, the second one fits more the French pronunciation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Falkenback, Pierre (1973). Historique de Woluwe-Saint-Pierre (in French). Brussels: Commune de Woluwe-Saint-Pierre. OCLC 1419423. 
  • Culot, P. (1996). Bibliotheca Wittockiana. Brussels:Crédit communal, ISBN 90-5544-103-1.

External links[edit]