|• Revised Romanization||Sineuiju-si|
A large square in the center of Sinŭiju in August 2012, with a statue of Kim Il-sung.
|Motto: The emblem Magnolia.|
Map of North Pyongan showing the location of Sinŭiju.
|• Total||180 km2 (70 sq mi)|
|Population (2006 (est.))|
Sinŭiju (Shinŭiju-si) is a city in North Korea, neighboring with Dandong City, China via international border and is the capital of North Pyeongan Province. Part of the city is included in the Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region, which was established in 2002 to experiment with introducing a market economy.
Developed as a major settlement during the colonial rule at the terminus of a railway bridge across the Yalu River. It is located 7 miles west of Ŭiju, the old city from whose name Sinŭiju (meaning “New Ŭiju”) derives. As an open port, it grew commercially with the logging industry which uses the Yalu River to transport lumber. Additionally, a chemical industry developed after the hydroelectric Sup'ung Dam was built further up the river. In the course of the Korean War, the city sustained heavy damage from aerial bombardment as part of the U.S. Air Force strategic bombing of North Korea, but the city has since been rebuilt.
An important light industry center in North Korea, it has a plant manufacturing enameled ironware as well as a textile mill, paper mill and an afforestation factory. Much of North Korea's trade with China takes place through Sinuiju. Its southwest harbour has a shipyard, although the shipyard's main function is seemingly to dismantle ships for scrap metal and other usable materials rather than building new ships.
Also, in the area, are recycling plants able to "recycle a wide array of equipment, from plastics to refrigerators as well as computers, phones and scanners, including goods that are banned for recycling in China."
Sinuiju can be reached from Pyongyang by air, having a 1.2 km runway, or electric railway and road. Sinuiju Station is the northern terminus of the Pyongui Line railway from Pyongyang. It is also connected with the Chinese city of Dandong (renamed from Andong) in Liaoning Province (China) by the Yalu River Bridge which is 944 m long (3,097 feet) from end to end, and through the Manchuria Railway links up with the Trans-Siberian railway.
In 2014, foreign tourists on excursion boats from Dandong were permitted to approach within a few meters of the city's coastline, as long as they did not disembark and set foot on shore.
The border with China is marked by the Yalu (Amnok) River. The city is connected to Dandong in China via the Sino-Korea Friendship Bridge (or China-Korea Friendship Bridge). This is one of the few ways to enter North Korea. The city is a Terminus on the Gyeongui railroad line (known as the P'yŏngui in the North) and is 25 miles (40 km) from the mouth of the Yalu River. The city's altitude is 4 feet, or about one meter.
|Climate data for Sinuiju|
|Average high °C (°F)||−4.1
|Average low °C (°F)||−14.2
|Precipitation mm (inches)||8
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||207.7||217.4||235.6||246.0||251.1||231.0||182.9||201.5||237.0||238.7||192.0||189.1||2,630|
|Source: Wetter Spiegel Online|
Facilities in Sinuiju include Sinuiju High School, Sinuiju Commercial High School, Eastern Middle School, Sinuiju Light Industry University, Sinuiju University of Medicine and the Sinuiju University of Education. Scenic sites include the Tonggun Pavilion, Waterfall, and Hot Springs.
There also is a Ferris wheel overlooking the Yalu River.
- "Market expansion: Sinuiju". North Korea Economic Watch. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Rank, Michael (March 15, 2013). "North Korean-Taiwan nuclear waste deal thwarted over export permit". NK Economic Watch. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Rank, Michael (30 June 2008). "North Korea in bid to recycle toxic waste". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- "Dalian-based Huatai Recycling Resources Co Ltd" (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Cruddas, Sarah (2014-02-18). "Peering into North Korea : North Korea". BBC - Travel. Retrieved 2014-07-24.
- "Wetter im Detail: Klimadaten". Spiegel Online. 2011. Retrieved on April 11, 2012.
- Cathcart, Adam, and Charles Kraus, “Peripheral Influence: The Sinŭiju Student Incident of 1945 and the Impact of Soviet Occupation in North Korea,” Journal of Korean Studies, Vol. 13 (2008), pp. 1–28.
- Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5
- City profile of Sinuiju
- Media related to Sinuiju at Wikimedia Commons
- North Korea Uncovered, (North Korea Google Earth) see a mapping of Sinuiju's main infrastructure, power lines, railroad, detention center, and Kim Jong Il residence, plus a whole lot more.
- (Trip-city.com: Sinuiju)