Sinuiju

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For the special administrative region, see Sinuiju Special Administrative Region.
Sinŭiju
신의주시
Municipal City
  transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • Revised Romanization Sineuiju-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Sinŭiju-si
A large square in the center of Sinŭiju in August 2012, with a statue of Kim Il-sung.
A large square in the center of Sinŭiju in August 2012, with a statue of Kim Il-sung.
Motto: The emblem Magnolia.
Map of North Pyongan showing the location of Sinŭiju.
Map of North Pyongan showing the location of Sinŭiju.
Country  North Korea
Region Kwansŏ
Dong 27
Area
 • Total 180 km2 (70 sq mi)
Population (2006 (est.))
 • Total 352,000
 • Dialect P'yŏngan

Sinŭiju (Shinŭiju-si) is a city in North Korea, neighboring with Dandong City, China via international border and is the capital of North Pyeongan Province. Part of the city is included in the Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region, which was established in 2002 to experiment with introducing a market economy.

History[edit]

Developed as a major settlement during the colonial rule at the terminus of a railway bridge across the Yalu River. It is located 7 miles west of Ŭiju, the old city from whose name Sinŭiju (meaning “New Ŭiju”) derives. As an open port, it grew commercially with the logging industry which uses the Yalu River to transport lumber. Additionally, a chemical industry developed after the hydroelectric Sup'ung Dam was built further up the river. In the course of the Korean War, the city sustained heavy damage from aerial bombardment as part of the U.S. Air Force strategic bombing of North Korea, but the city has since been rebuilt.

Economy[edit]

Waterfront on the Yalu River

An important light industry center in North Korea, it has a plant manufacturing enameled ironware as well as a textile mill, paper mill and an afforestation factory. Much of North Korea's trade with China takes place through Sinuiju. Its southwest harbour has a shipyard, although the shipyard's main function is seemingly to dismantle ships for scrap metal and other usable materials rather than building new ships.

Central market[edit]

Since 2002, commercial life has been centered on the Chaeha-dong Market.[1] Based on a satellite image taken on 30 October 2012, the market has been destroyed and is being made into a new park.[1]

Recycling[edit]

Also, in the area, are recycling plants able to "recycle a wide array of equipment, from plastics to refrigerators as well as computers, phones and scanners, including goods that are banned for recycling in China."[2][3][4]

Transportation[edit]

Sinuiju Railway Station

Sinuiju can be reached from Pyongyang by air, having a 1.2 km runway, or electric railway and road. Sinuiju Station is the northern terminus of the Pyongui Line railway from Pyongyang. It is also connected with the Chinese city of Dandong (renamed from Andong) in Liaoning Province (China) by the Yalu River Bridge which is 944 m long (3,097 feet) from end to end, and through the Manchuria Railway links up with the Trans-Siberian railway.

In 2014, foreign tourists on excursion boats from Dandong were permitted to approach within a few meters of the city's coastline, as long as they did not disembark and set foot on shore.[5]

Geography[edit]

A park near Sino-Korea Friendship Bridge

The border with China is marked by the Yalu (Amnok) River. The city is connected to Dandong in China via the Sino-Korea Friendship Bridge (or China-Korea Friendship Bridge). This is one of the few ways to enter North Korea. The city is a Terminus on the Gyeongui railroad line (known as the P'yŏngui in the North) and is 25 miles (40 km) from the mouth of the Yalu River. The city's altitude is 4 feet, or about one meter.

Climate[edit]

Sinŭiju has a monsoonal humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa) with hot, humid and stormy summers and cold, dry winters with little snowfall.

Climate data for Sinuiju
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −4.1
(24.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
6.2
(43.2)
14.7
(58.5)
20.6
(69.1)
25.2
(77.4)
28.1
(82.6)
28.8
(83.8)
25.0
(77)
18.0
(64.4)
8.4
(47.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
14.1
(57.4)
Average low °C (°F) −14.2
(6.4)
−10.8
(12.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
3.5
(38.3)
9.9
(49.8)
15.8
(60.4)
20.8
(69.4)
20.7
(69.3)
13.9
(57)
6.2
(43.2)
−2.2
(28)
−10.4
(13.3)
4.1
(39.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
8
(0.31)
29
(1.14)
52
(2.05)
87
(3.43)
115
(4.53)
265
(10.43)
280
(11.02)
105
(4.13)
53
(2.09)
31
(1.22)
19
(0.75)
1,052
(41.41)
 % humidity 68 65 66 67 72 79 85 83 76 72 69 69 72.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 207.7 217.4 235.6 246.0 251.1 231.0 182.9 201.5 237.0 238.7 192.0 189.1 2,630
Source: Wetter Spiegel Online[6]

Places[edit]

Facilities in Sinuiju include Sinuiju High School, Sinuiju Commercial High School, Eastern Middle School, Sinuiju Light Industry University, Sinuiju University of Medicine and the Sinuiju University of Education. Scenic sites include the Tonggun Pavilion, Waterfall, and Hot Springs.

Ferris wheel in Sinuiju

There also is a Ferris wheel overlooking the Yalu River.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Sinuiju city is the heart of the Sinuiju Special Administrative Region. The city is currently divided into 24 Dong (, ), and four villages (Ri: , ).[7]

Name Chosŏn'gŭl Hancha
Apkang-dong 압강동
Chaeha-dong 채하동
Chongsong-dong 청송동
Haebang-dong 해방동 解放
Kaehyok-dong 개혁동 改革
Kunhwa-dong 근화동
Kwanmun-dong 관문동
Namha-dong 남하동
Namjung-dong 남중동
Namsang-dong 남상동
Namso-dong 남서동 西
Namsong-dong 남송동
Oil-dong 오일동
Paeksa-dong 백사동
Paekun-dong 백운동
Ponbu-dong 본부동
Sinnam-dong 신남동
Sinwon-dong 신원동
Yokjon-dong 역전동
Hadan-ri 하단리
Sangdan-ri  상단리
Taji-ri  다지리
Songso-ri 성서리 西

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Market expansion: Sinuiju". North Korea Economic Watch. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Rank, Michael (March 15, 2013). "North Korean-Taiwan nuclear waste deal thwarted over export permit". NK Economic Watch. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Rank, Michael (30 June 2008). "North Korea in bid to recycle toxic waste". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Dalian-based Huatai Recycling Resources Co Ltd" (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Cruddas, Sarah (2014-02-18). "Peering into North Korea : North Korea". BBC - Travel. Retrieved 2014-07-24. 
  6. ^ "Wetter im Detail: Klimadaten". Spiegel Online. 2011.  Retrieved on April 11, 2012.
  7. ^ http://nk.joins.com/map/i032.htm

Further reading[edit]

  • Cathcart, Adam, and Charles Kraus, “Peripheral Influence: The Sinŭiju Student Incident of 1945 and the Impact of Soviet Occupation in North Korea,” Journal of Korean Studies, Vol. 13 (2008), pp. 1–28.
  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°06′N 124°24′E / 40.100°N 124.400°E / 40.100; 124.400