Sipacate-Naranjo National Park

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Coordinates: 13°55′12″N 91°05′11″W / 13.92000°N 91.08639°W / 13.92000; -91.08639
Sipacate-Naranjo National Park
Parque Nacional Sipacate-Naranjo
I
Country Guatemala
Region Escuintla
Municipality La Gomera, Escuintla
Landmark Mangrove forest
Location Sipacate
 - elevation 1 m (3 ft)
 - coordinates 13°55′12″N 91°05′11″W / 13.92000°N 91.08639°W / 13.92000; -91.08639
Length 20 km (12 mi), east-west
Width 1 km (1 mi), north-south
Area 20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Biome Littoral/intertidal zone
Mangrove forests
Plant mangroves
Animal Birds, waterfowl, water turtles
Founded Acuerdo Gubernativo 06-09-69
Date 1969
Management CONAP
Visitation allowed
IUCN category IV - Habitat/Species government Area

Sipacate-Naranjo National Park is located along the Pacific coast of Escuintla in Guatemala (13°55′12″N 91°05′11″W / 13.919955°N 91.086473°W / 13.919955; -91.086473 (Sipacate-Naranjo National Park)). The park includes mangrove forests, lagoons and sandy beaches and covers an area of 20 km long and 1 km wide, stretching between the coastal towns of Sipacate and Naranjo.[1][2][3]

Mangrove species found in the park are white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa), black mangrove (Avicennia nitida, Avicennia germinans) and several Rhizophora species, including the red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle). Transitional tree species include the Mexican palmetto (Sabal mexicana) and the guiana chestnut (Pachira aquatica).[2]

The park's beaches are breeding areas where several endangered turtle species lay their eggs, including the olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), and hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata). Other reptiles found in the park are iguanas, and freshwater turtles.[2]

Over 90 bird species -both migratory and resident- have been reported, including a large nesting heron population (Ardeidae), cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae), pelicans (Pelecanidae), ibises (Threskiornithidae), plovers, dotterels, lapwings (Charadriidae) and gull species (Laridae).[2][3] Bird species of special concern found in the park but which may be under threat in Guatemala, are: Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps), brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis), Great White Egret (Ardea alba), Snowy Egret (Egretta thula), Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor), Green Heron (Butorides virescens), Yellow-crowned Night Heron (Nyctanassa violacea), Boat-billed Heron (Cochlearius cochlearius), Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja), Wood Stork (Mycteria americana), Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus), and Least Tern (Sterna antillarum).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CONAP. "Listado de Áreas Protegidas (enero, 2011)" (xls) (in Spanish). conap.gob.gt. Retrieved 2011-06-14. 
  2. ^ a b c d CONAP. "Parque Nacional Sipacate-Naranjo - Plan Maestro 2002-2006" (pdf) (in Spanish). Guatemala: conap.gob.gt. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  3. ^ a b c Eisermann, Knut (2006). Evaluation of waterbird populations and their conservation in Guatemala (pdf). Guatemala: Sociedad Guatemalteca de Ornitología. Retrieved 2009-07-25.