|سپاہ محمد صلی الله علیہ وآلہ وسلم|
|Leader||Syed Ghulam Raza Naqvi (imprisoned 1996, freed 2014)|
|Slogan||"Humiliation of us is impossible." (Arabic: هيهات منا الذلة)|
|Headquarters||Thokar Niaz Beg, Lahore, Pakistan|
|Ideology||Protection of Shi'a community, armed resistance to Wahhabi/Takfiri terrorism and target killing|
|Colors||Black and Yellow
|Parliament of Pakistan|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sipah-e-Muhammad Pakistan (S.M.P) (Urdu: سپاہ محمد پاکستان; Arabic: سباه محمد الباكستانيه; English: Soldiers of Muhammad) is a Shiite Islamic militant group and a former political party based in Pakistan that was formed in the early 1990s (the exact date of formation is not known) as a response to sectarian violence against Pakistani Shiite Muslims orchestrated by Deobandi militant movement such as Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (also known Lashkar-e-Jhangvi). On August 14, 2001, it was banned by President Pervez Musharraf as a terrorist organisation. However, its influence is also supposed to be in India.
Maulana Mureed Abbas Yazdani formed Sipa-e-Muhammad Pakistan in early 1990s. It is believed to be armed wing of Tehreek-e-Jafria Pakistan. I is involved in assassination of Sunni Ulama and violence against Sunni community in Shia dominated areas in the country. It was banned in Pakistan by President Musharraf in 2002. It is accused of killing of central leadership of Sipa-e-Sahabah starting from Haq Nawaz Jhangvi to recent assassinations in Karachi and Rawalpinid. Its headquarters is in Thokar Niaz Baig Lahore and its leader is Syyed Ghulam Raza Naqvi who was imprisoned in 1996 and released in 2014. It is also accused to be behind massacre of students of a Sunni Madrassah and burning down of Madrassh Taleem-ul-Quran in Rawalpindi in 2013.
Pakistani security agencies believe that the group receives active support from Iran which is involved in funding and assisting its proxies in the country.
Sipah-e-Muhammad's primary aim was to target the leaders of the banned Deobandi militia Sipah-e-Sahaba or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. However, with the subsequent rise in the violence against Shiite Muslims, it was thought to be reforming.
According to the sources, following operations have been conducted by Sipah-e-Muhammad. However, it denies carrying out any of these attacks:
- In 1990s, the founder and the main leader of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi was assassinated.
- In January, 1997, the main leader of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Zia-ur-Rehman Farooqi was killed as a result of bombings near Lahore Session Court.
- In May, 2002, the leader of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi was assassinated near a Shiite populated village.
- In October 2003, the main leader of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Azam Tariq was gunned down.
- In August, 2009, the leader of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi of Khairpur, Pakistan chapter, Ali Sher Haideri was gunned down.
- In February, 2010, the leader of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Abdul Rauf Asghar was assassinated.
- In August, 2013, the spokesman of the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba or Lashkar-e-Jhangvi of Karachi chapter, was gunned down near Karachi Safari Park on University Road.
Sipah-e-Muhammad is thought to have ties with the Iranian regime although this claim is not yet proven, and to an extent, the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba is also seen as attempt by the Saudi government to assert influence in Pakistan.
Designation as a terrorist organization
The Government of Pakistan designated the Sipah-e-Muhammad a terrorist organization, and it is classified as a Foreign Terrorist Organization under U.S. law. As a result, its finances are blocked worldwide by the U.S government.
- Daily Times.com Vengeance, frictions reviving LJ and Sipah-e-Muhammad. April 7th, 2004
- Ravinder Kaur. Religion, violence, and political mobilisation in South Asia . SAGE, 2005. ISBN 0-7619-3431-6, ISBN 978-0-7619-3431-8
- Jamestown Foundation  Sipah-e-Sahaba: Fomenting Sectarian Violence in Pakistan