Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan

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Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan is a Pakistani Deobandi militant organization, and a former political party, established in the early 1980s in Jhang by Haq Nawaz Jhangvi. Its stated goal is to primarily deter major Shiite Muslim influence in Pakistan in the wake of the Iranian Revolution.[1][2] The organization was banned by President Pervez Musharraf in 2002 as a terrorist organization under the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1997.[1][2] In March 2012, the government of Pakistan banned Sipah-e-Sahaba again.[3] It is primarily a terrorist outfit targeting the Shiite Muslim community in Pakistan. [4]

History[edit]

Haq Nawaz Jhangvi, Zia-ur-Rehman Farooqi, Eesar-ul-Haq Qasmi and Azam Tariq, formed the Sipah-e-Sahaba in 1985 originally under the name of Anjuman Sipah-e-Sahaba.[5][6]

A leader of Sipah-e-Sahaba was a minister in the Coalition Government in Punjab in 1993 and the group has held seats in the Pakistan National Assembly.[2][5]

When Jhangvi was assassinated in 1990, Zia-ur Rehman Farooqi assumed leadership of the group. Farooqi died in a bomb explosion on January 19, 1997 at the Lahore Session Court.[5] After his death, Azam Tariq led the group until October 2003, when he was assassinated along with four others.[2][5]

Bhakkar Clashes[edit]

"Bhakkar: Provocative announcements from the mosques (governed by the defunct Sipah-e-Sahaba)", Police is helpless and failed." ― Geo News Headline, 20:06 PST, August 23, 2013

The clashes between the local Shiite Muslims and the workers of the Sipah-e-Sahaba took place at Bhakkar which is situated in the west of the Punjab, Pakistan. At least 4 Shiite Muslims and 7 SSP have been killed and a dozen have been injured after the workers/terrorists of the Sipah-e-Sahaba clashed with the local Shiite Muslims on August 23, 2013.

The clashes between the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba and Shiite Muslims happened in the town of Kotla Jam and Darya Khan.

The conflict followed a protest rally held by the banned Sipah-e-Sahaba, where the militants of the banned outfit were chanting slogans against Shiite Muslims.

They were identified as Safdar Shah and Imran Shirazi of Darya Khan and Ali Raza, Khan Muhammad and Kamran Mohana of Kotla Jam townships.

The affected area’s residents rejected the media reports that it was a clash between two religious groups. They warned the media persons to desist from equating peaceful residents with the sectarian and fanatic terrorists. They said it was an armed and provocative attack on peaceful population. They said that self-defense was their legal right that they opted for.

The victims’ families and friends have gathered at Hussaini Chowk roundabout of Bhakkar district to protest against the attack on their houses and unarmed people.

After the situation, the Majlis Wahdat-e-Muslimeen, Shia Ulema Council, Imamia Students Organization condemned the clashes and have declared three days of mourning. Also, the then Chief Minister of the Punjab Shahbaz Sharif took notice of the situation, saying those who had broken the law will be dealt severely following the arrests of the terrorists belonging to the defunct organization.

Affiliations[edit]

  • In 1996 elements within the Sipah-e-Sahaba who did not believe the organization violent enough left to form the Lashkar-e-Jhangvi.[5]
  • In October 2000, Masood Azhar, founder of the banned Jaish-e-Mohammed, was quoted as saying that "Sipah-e-Sahaba stands shoulder to shoulder with Jaish-e-Muhammad in Jihad."[5] A leaked U.S. diplomatic cable described it as another Sipah-e-Sahaba breakaway Deobandi organization."[7]
  • A diplomatic cable, originally dated October 23, 2009 and later leaked to the media, from the U.S. embassy in Islamabad indicated that Qari Hussain, a leading militant of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, had roots in the defunct Sipah-e-Sahaba and that many of the Taliban’s foot soldiers are from Sipah-e-Sahaba ranks.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b B. Raman, "Musharraf's Ban: An Analysis", South Asia Analysis Group , Paper no. 395, 18 January 2002
  2. ^ a b c d "Pakistan: The Sipah-e-Sahaba (SSP), including its activities and status", Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, 26 July 2005
  3. ^ Hasan, Syed Shoaib (2012-03-09). "Pakistan bans Ahle Sunnah Wal Jamaat Islamist group". BBC News. Retrieved March 10, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan". SATP. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan". 
  6. ^ Sohail Mahmood (1995). Islamic fundamentalism in Pakistan, Egypt and Iran. Vanguard. p. 434. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "2009: Southern Punjab extremism battle between haves and have-nots". Dawn.com (Dawn Media Group). 2011-05-22. Retrieved 2011-05-25.