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Sipsi made of bamboo
Woodwind instrument
Classification single-reed aerophone
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 422.211.2
(single reed instrument with cylindrical bore and fingerholes)
Playing range
1.5 octaves[1]
Related instruments
Clarinet, Diplica, Dili tuiduk, cifte, kaval
Hüseyin DEMİR, Ali Teken, Hayri Dev

The sipsi (pronounced [sipˈsi]) is a Turkish woodwind instrument. It is a clarinet-like, single-reed instrument used mainly in folk music. The word "sipsi" is probably onomatopoeic, and is related to "zıpçi" meaning "whistle,"[2] or comes from the word meaning small.[1] It can be made of bone, wood, or reed, though the reed variant is most common.[3] Its size varies from region to region, but it generally contains five finger holes in the front, and one finger hole in the back.

The sipsi is one of many reed instruments in Turkey used to play lead melodies in instrumental folk music.[4] It is generally played in the Western part [1] in the Aegean Region of Turkey.[3][5] Most folk tunes played in this area with the sipsi are in 9/8 time.[1][4]


The timbre of the sipsi is similar to that of the Irish bagpipe, and players of the sipsi also employ the circular breathing method, in which air is breathed through the nose while it is being pumped out of stored air in the cheeks. This breathing method is used to form an uninterrupted sound.[1]

To tune the sipsi, one must wrap a thread around the bottom of the reed, which is placed into the main body of the instrument. Adjusting the reed with the string is the way to tune.[1] The instrument's range is greater than its six finger holes would suggest, the upper registers can be attained by particular approach to breathing.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Instruments". Group Istanbul. Group Istanbul. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  2. ^ Yüzyil Isil High School. "Turkish Folk Instruments" (PDF). Diversity Around Us Project. Diversity Around Us. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  3. ^ a b Akdeniz, Tayyar. "Sipsi- Turkish Music Instruments- Folk Tours". Folk Tours. Folk Tours LLC. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  4. ^ a b Reinhard, Kurt; Martin Stokes. "Turkey: II Folk Music, 4 Instrumental Music". Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  5. ^ Sansal, Burak. "Musical Instruments of Turkey - All About Turkey". All About Turkey. Retrieved 2011-09-28.