Sipson

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Coordinates: 51°29′42″N 0°27′02″W / 51.4951°N 0.4505°W / 51.4951; -0.4505

Sipson
King William IV, Sipson.jpg
King William IV public house
Sipson is located in Greater London
Sipson
Sipson
 Sipson shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ075785
    - Charing Cross 14.3 mi (23.0 km)  E
London borough Hillingdon
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WEST DRAYTON
Postcode district UB7
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Hayes and Harlington
London Assembly Ealing and Hillingdon
List of places
UK
England
London

Sipson is a village in the London Borough of Hillingdon, in west London, England. It is 14.3 miles (23 km) west of Charing Cross and near the north perimeter of London Heathrow Airport.

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The village's name comes from the Anglo-Saxon Sibbwines tūn: "Sibbwine's farmstead". Sipson village adjoins the famous "Bath Road" (the modern A4), which linked London to Bath.

Local government[edit]

Historically, Sipson was in the county of Middlesex, which was abolished as a local government entity when Greater London was created in 1965.

Heathrow expansion[edit]

On 10 January 1946 the British Cabinet agreed Stage 3 of the airport, which was an extension north of the Bath Road, with a large triangle of 3 runways, obliterating Sipson and most of Harlington, and diverting the Bath Road.[1]

In 2009 the majority of the village was under threat of demolition owing to the planned expansion of London Heathrow Airport, which would have created a third runway at the airport.[2][3] However, in March 2010 the English High Court of Justice ruled that the plans must be reconsidered on environmental grounds,[4] and it was announced in May 2010 that the third runway plan had been cancelled.[5]

Businesses[edit]

Sipson Farm[edit]

Sipson Farm was in the northeast angle of the Sipson crossroads. It was the biggest farm in the area. It had a big area of greenhouses. It had 500 acres of land in Harmondsworth and Sipson and Harlington and Heathrow. In 1900 it had a big area of fruit orchard.

  • 1819: Enclosure of Harmondsworth parish
  • 1842: Thomas Wild was born.
  • Late 19th century: Sipson Farm was run by Thomas Wild & Son.
  • 1898: Thomas Wild took on Rowland Richard Robbins as junior partner and the firm became Wild and Robbins.
  • 1900 to 1948; R.R.Robbins lived in a house called Hollycroft, where Hollycroft Close is now.[6]
  • c.1910: Wild and Robbins gave some land in Sipson to be tennis courts and a children's playground.[7]
  • 1932: Thomas Wild died and was succeeded by his son Thomas Wild.
  • 6 April 1938: Wild & Robbins was wound up "for reconstruction".[8]
  • 1944. The Heathrow Airport scheme started. Sipson Farm lost all or most of its land that was south of the Bath Road.
  • 31 March 1949: R.R.Robbins left the partnership by mutual agreement, but the firm's name remained Wild & Robbins.[9] Sipson Farm was now run by Thomas Wild and his son Thomas Wild.
    • This is genuine: there were three successive Thomas Wild's.
  • 1965: The M4 motorway was opened past Sipson. Its course and the Heathrow Airport slip road and its junction took much of Sipson Farm's remaining land. After this, Sipson Farm struggled to keep running.
  • 1970: Sipson Farm shut down. Some of its remaining land was left to fall back to wild overgrown vegetation.
  • Early 1980s: Sipson Farm's farm buildings were demolished and replaced by a street called Russell Gardens. The entry to the farm became the entry to 335 Sipson Road.
  • 23 December 1987: It was agreed that Sipson Farm Estates Ltd. should be wound up.[10]

Wall Garden Farm[edit]

Wall Garden Farm is a little east of the Sipson crossroads, north of the road to Harlington. It was orchard land, surrounded and divided by high walls to keep winds and frost (and fruit thieves) off.

  • Early 1900s: See Heathrow (hamlet)#20th century for events involving Jonathan Smith. Jonathan Smith went bankrupt and moved from Heathrow Hall to Wall Garden Farm. Later he came to an arrangement with his creditors and the bankruptcy was discharged. He set up a jam factory to use the abundant fruit grown in the area. His son Frederick ran the jam factory after him. (Kenwood Close (a street in Sipson) is where the jam factory was.)[13]
  • 1970: By now most of Wall Garden Farm's trees had been grubbed out.
  • 2004: Wall Garden Farm was being used for off-airport car parking for Heathrow Airport.

King William IV pub[edit]

The King William IV public house at the Sipson crossroads was built in the 16th century, and later altered, including a refronting in the 1930s. Originally a Wealden-type mediaeval hall house, it is a Grade II listed building.[14]

Excavating gravel[edit]

Gravel companies own much land in Harmondsworth and Sipson and Harlington. They get planning pernission to extract gravel and sand on condition that they restore the land for agriculture afterwards. Their land is used for growing wheat before and after gravel extracting.[15]

Other history[edit]

  • 1923: Sipson Way was made.

Geography[edit]

Nearest places are: Hayes, Harlington, Harmondsworth, West Drayton and Yiewsley.

Notable buildings[edit]

name type built occupant demolished? use of house or site now
The Vineries big house 1880s Thomas Wild (born 1842), then his son Thomas 1970 street: Vineries Close
Sipson Baptish Church religious 1891 misc. Christian religious uses no mid-1980s converted into apartments
Inglenook big house for Thomas Wild jr. when he married Elizabeth Rayner, then his son Thomas no now a children's day nursery
Hollycroft big house 18th century 1900-1948 R.R.Robbins 1960s street: Hollycroft Close
The Crown pub mid-Victorian no now Zayani Indian Restaurant
Sipson House big house 18th century 1970s except for façade rebuilt in same style, as office block, now called Sipson Court

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

For book references see London Heathrow Airport#Bibliography.
  1. ^ Sherwood 2009, p87
  2. ^ "Transport Secretary's statement to the House of Commons, 15th January 2009". Department of Transport. Retrieved 2009-01-16. 
  3. ^ "New runway will demolish village". BBC News. 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2009-01-15. 
  4. ^ Bowcott, Owen (2010-03-26). "Heathrow protesters win third runway court victory". The Guardian (London). 
  5. ^ "Heathrow runway plans cancelled". BBC News. 2010-05-12. 
  6. ^ Sherwood, 2012, p58.
  7. ^ Sherwood, 2012, p61.
  8. ^ London Gazette
  9. ^ London Gazette
  10. ^ London Gazette
  11. ^ Sherwood, 2011, p59.
  12. ^ Sherwood, 2012, p3.
  13. ^ Sherwood, 2011, p61.
  14. ^ Sherwood, 2011, p62.
  15. ^ Sherwood, 2012, p96.

External links[edit]