Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners

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Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners was a British firm of Consulting Civil Engineers, based at Queen Anne's Lodge, Westminster, London until 1974, when it relocated to Earley House, 427 London Road, Reading, Berkshire.

The firm had been founded in 1922 by noted Scottish Civil Engineer, Sir Alexander Gibb.

For the first ten years the business was not very rewarding financially although it was engaged on several important projects. Gibb and his colleague, noted Electrical Engineer Charles Hesterman Merz, designed Barking Power Station and later the Galloway Hydro Electric development, the first major work of its kind to be linked to the National Grid.

Gibb resolved to make his firm the largest of its kind in the country and in time, the firm grew to the point where it was responsible for projects in several parts of the world.

By the late 1980s/early 1990s, the firm was organised as a number of specialised departments in Reading, namely Water and Energy (WAE), Transportation and Marine (TAM), Structures and Services (SAS), Project Management Services (PMS) and Gibb Architects. Outside of the United Kingdom, the firm had associated practices including Gibb Africa (headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya), Gibb Botswana (operating from Gaborone)[1] Gibb Petermuller (Headquartered in Athens) and Gibb Mauritius.[2]

In 1989, the firm merged with the larger American company, Law, which was then acquired by the US-based Jacobs Engineering Group in 2001.

Operations[edit]

Allied Bakeries, St Pauls Cray, London and its art deco inspired tower.

During the 1930s, under the direction of Hugh Beaver, the firm brought together architecture and mechanical services with the founding focus on heavy civil engineering, and so was able to offer to industrial clients a complete service.

In 1939 Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners designed 3 large Ordnance factories for the Ministry of Supply; three other smaller factories followed later.

Other notable designs were the Kincardine Bridge, Guinness and Company's brewery at Park Royal, the Captain Cook graving dock at Sydney, Australia, the Singapore naval base, supervision of construction of Phoenix units for the Mulberry harbours and an underground factory for aeroplane engines at Corsham.

Between 1930 and 1936, the firm designed the modernist power stations of the Galloway hydro-electric power scheme.

In 1936, it designed the Kincardine Bridge across the Firth of Forth, which was Britain's largest road bridge at the time.

In 1937, the firm designed the Capper Pass and Son Smelting Works (as well as a row of houses) in Hull.

In 1939, it designed the new Allied Bakeries building, in St Pauls Cray (near Orpington). Originally the Tip Top Bakery in Cray Avenue, now part of the Allied Bakeries division of Associated British Foods.[3]

During World War II,the Drakelow Tunnels near Kidderminster were designed and constructed.

In 1949, Cliff Quay Power Station in Suffolk was designed.

In 1968, Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners was joint Consulting Engineer on the Cleddau Bridge in Wales.

Other later works included the Tripoli International Airport (1978), Devonport Dockyard, Limehouse Link tunnel (1989-1993), Great Man-Made River Project in Libya and several defence and airport projects in the Middle East.

In the UK, the firm also worked on Waterloo International Railway Terminal between 1988-1993, with Grimshaw Architects and Bovis Construction(as the main contractors),.,[4] Brook House in Park Lane in London (with Squire and Partners),[5] Reading Crown Courts and HMP Banstead, Surrey.

The firm also undertook a number of important hydro-electric dam projects including the design and supervision of Tongariro Hydroelectric Scheme, (New Zealand), Lar Dam (Iran), Victoria Dam (Sri Lanka) (1975-1985),[6] the Samanalawewa Dam project, (Sri Lanka) (1993), Maentwrog New Dam, Wales[7] (1928) and Owen Falls Dam (1954),[8] Uganda.

Problems emerged on the Samanalawewa project and two years after its completion, its reservoir still could not be filled because its base was leaking. One Sri Lankan geologist has warned: "Samanalawewa is a write off". Also, the Victoria Dam in Sri Lanka has not produced the amount of energy envisaged by the designed. [9]

In 1997, remedial works were carried out on Owen Falls dam under supervision by the consulting firm.[8]

In June 1994, GibbAnglian, a partnership created by Sir Alexander Gibb and Partners and Anglian Water International, won a two-year contract from the United Kingdom Government'sOverseas Development Administration to study the impact of industrial effluent in the city of Tianjin in China. The partnership's task was to investigate the technical, institutional, environmental, and financial issues involved in reducing industrial wastewater production and improving the quality of effluent discharges.[10]

Notable Engineers who worked at Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners[edit]

  • Sir Alexander Gibb, Brigadier-General GBE CB FRS[1] (1872 – 1958) was a noted Scottish Civil Engineer, who founded Sir Alexander Gibb and Partners in 1921
  • Sir Thomas Paton, Civil Engineer (1905–1999), worked on several hydro-electric dam projects across the world and became a partner of the firm in 1955.
  • Geoffrey Hamilton Coates (1924 - ) was non-secretarial Director of Gibb Consultants Limited as a Chartered Engineer[11]
  • Hugh Beaver, (1890 – 1967) was a British Engineer, industrialist, and founder of the Guinness Book of Records.
  • John Britten (1950 - 1995), Mechanical Engineer, worked briefly on the design of the highway linking the M1 motorway to the M4 motorway.
  • Angus Goodwille, MBE
  • Sir Leopold Halliday Savile, KCB, MICE (1870 – 1953) was a Scottish Civil Engineer who specialised in the design and construction of reservoirs. He served as President of the Institution of Civil Engineers between Nov 1940 and Nov 1941.
  • Prof. Paul Back CBE joined 1955 assoc. 1967-70, ptnr 1970-89, co dir and chief tech dir 1989-95; visiting prof of design Univ of Oxford 1992-1998

References[edit]

Alexander Gibb, The story of an engineer by Geoffrey Harrison

  1. ^ Business Directory page
  2. ^ "Gibb (Mauritius) Ltd.". www.businessdirectory.mu. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  3. ^ United Kingdom. "Allied Bakeries, Orpington Originally the Tip Top Bakery, this bakery in Cray Avenue was built in 1939 and was designed by Sir Alexander Gibb and Partners. It is now part of the Allied Bakeries division of Associated British Foods". Geolocation.ws. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  4. ^ "Waterloo International Terminal". www.engineering-timelines.com. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Details of the Brook House project
  6. ^ "Victoria Dam and Hydro Electric project". Central Engineering Consultant Bureau. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  7. ^ Construction of Maentwrog New Dam Book
  8. ^ a b Kigere, Patrick. "We need $40million for new Jinja Bridge, Nasasira". UGEE - Uganda Online. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "The UK’S Forest Footprint 2001". World Wide Fund for Nature. p. 32. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  10. ^ 2 June 1994 (1994-06-02). "02Jun94 CHINA: GIBBANGLIAN IN THE ORIENT. | News | Construction News". Cnplus.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  11. ^ "Mr Geoffrey Hamilton Coates". duedil.com. Retrieved 29 October 2012.