Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Baronet
Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Baronet (circa 1580 – 9 September 1634) was a Scottish born Irish noble.
Acheson was the son of Captain Patrick Acheson and Martha Drummond.
Acheson wed Agnes Vernor at some point before 1610, fathering a son, Patrick Acheson, 2nd Baronet (c.1611-1638).
In 1620, Acheson was invested as a knight, and in 1621 he became Master in Chancery of Ireland. After his first wife died, he married Margaret Hamilton, daughter of Sir John Hamilton, in 1622. In 1627, he became Lord of Session of Scotland. On 1 January 1628, he became the 1st Baronet Acheson. The following year, his wife gave birth to son Sir George Acheson (1629–1685). Before his death in 1634, he became Secretary of State of Scotland.
He may have had a daughter by one of his marriages, Isabella Acheson of Gosford, who married Hector Og Maclean (1583–1623). Sources list her as the daughter of "Sir Archibald Acheson", but because of her age, she may have been the daughter of Captain Patrick Acheson or one of his siblings. If she was the same age as Hector Og Maclean, she would have been born in 1583 and would have had her first child around 1600 at age 17. If she was the daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson she would be born no earlier than 1610 the year Archibald married. This would make her at least 20 years younger than Hector Og Maclean, and would make her the same age as her own children. This is the error in the standard genealogy.
His elder son Patrick succeeded him to the baronetcy but died without issue several years after his father, whereupon the title passed to his half-brother George Acheson, 3rd Baronet.
- William White (1913). Notes and queries, Volume 128. "Sir Archibald Acheson, ancestor of the Earls of Gosford, was the son of Capt. Patrick Acheson ..."
- John Debrett (1828). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. "Sir Archibald Acheson, of Gosford, secretary of state for Scotland, was created a bart. Sept. 1628, from whom descended ..."
- Genealogical Collections Concerning Families in Scotland. 1900. "He married first the 2d daughter of Colin Mackenzie of Kintail, predecessor of the present Earl of Seaforth, by whom he had Eachin Mor his eldest Son, who succeeded him, and Lauchlan, who also succeeded him. He married again a daughter of Atcheson of Gosefoord, by whom he had Donald, of whom Brolos is descended and John Duidh."
- John Patterson MacLean (1889). A History of the Clan MacLean from Its First Settlement at Duard Castle, in the Isle of Mull, to the Present Period: Including a Genealogical Account of Some of the Principal Families Together with Their Heraldry, Legends, Superstitions, Etc.. R. Clarke & Co. "MacLean of Duard, and his brother Lachlan, having delayed to find the required sureties, were committed to ward in Edinburgh castle, whence he was liberated in a very short time, and allowed to live with Acheson of Gosford, his father-in-law, under his own recognizance of £40,000, and his father-in-law's for 5000 merks, that he should remain there until permitted by the council to return to the Isles. ... Hector Og died in the year 1618, in the fortieth year of his age. He was twice married: first, to Janet, daughter of Cailean Cam, 11th MacKenzie of Kintail, by whom he had Hector Mór, his heir and successor, and Lachlan; also one daughter, Florance, who married John Garbh, 7th MacLean of Coll. His second wife was Isabella, daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson of Gosford, by whom he had Donald, first MacLean of Brolass, John Dubh, predecessor of the counts MacLean of Sweden, and a daughter, Isabella, who died unmarried. The marriage of Florance to John Garbh affords an insight into marriage customs as practiced by the MacLeans. She was given a dower which consisted of a hundred and eighty kine, with the stipulation that if she became a widow, her jointure should be three hundred and sixty. Doubtless the number was reckoned according to the wealth of the contracting parties."
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