Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, 1st Baronet

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The Right Honourable
Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland
Bt
Arthur Steel-Maitland.jpg
Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, Bt, c. 1930s.
Minister of Labour
In office
6 November 1924 – 4 June 1929
Monarch George V
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by Tom Shaw
Succeeded by Margaret Bondfield
Personal details
Born 5 July 1876
Died 30 March 1935
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Mary Maitland
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford

Sir Arthur Herbert Drummond Ramsay Steel-Maitland, 1st Baronet PC (5 July 1876 – 30 March 1935) was a British Conservative politician. He was the first Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1911 to 1916 and held junior office from 1915 to 1919 in David Lloyd George's coalition government. From 1924 to 1929 he was Minister of Labour under Stanley Baldwin, with a seat in the cabinet.

Background and education[edit]

The second son of Colonel E. H. Steel and Emmeline, daughter of General Henry Drummond, Steel-Maitland was educated at Rugby and at Balliol College, Oxford, where he was a classical Scholar and Eldon Scholar in 1899. He gained first class honours in classics and law, and became a Fellow of All Souls College in 1900. He was Secretary, Junior Treasurer and President of the Oxford Union Society, and rowed against Cambridge in 1899. His brother, Col. Richard Steel, was concerned with MIO during the war.

Political career[edit]

Steel-Maitland unsuccessfully contested Rugby in 1906, and was a Special Commissioner to the Royal Commission on the Poor Laws from 1906 to 1907. He was elected as Member of Parliament for Birmingham East in 1910, a seat he held until 1918,[1] and then represented Birmingham Erdington from 1918 to 1929[2] and Tamworth from 1929 until 1935.[3] He was the first Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1911 to 1916, and founded the Unionist Social Reform Committee in 1911.

Steel-Maitland served under David Lloyd George as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1915 to 1917. The latter year he was created a Baronet, of Sauchie in the County of Stirling.[4] He then held office under Lloyd George as Secretary for Overseas Trade in his capacity as Head of the Department of Overseas Trade (Development and Intelligence) from 1917 to 1919. In 1924 he was sworn of the Privy Council[5] and appointed Minister of Labour under Stanley Baldwin, with a seat in the cabinet, a post he retained until the government fell in June 1929.

Steel-Maitland was awarded honorary degrees of LLD by Edinburgh University and St Andrews University.

Family[edit]

Steel-Maitland married Mary, daughter of Sir James Ramsay-Gibson Maitland, 4th Baronet, of Barnton and Sauchie, in 1901. He died in March 1935, aged 58, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son, Arthur.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir John Benjamin Stone
Member of Parliament for Birmingham East
January 19101918
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Birmingham Erdington
19181929
Succeeded by
Charles Simmons
Preceded by
Sir Edward Iliffe
Member of Parliament for Tamworth
19291935
Succeeded by
Sir John Mellor, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Islington
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1915–1917
Succeeded by
William Hewins
New title Secretary for Overseas Trade
1917–1919
Succeeded by
Sir Hamar Greenwood, Bt
Preceded by
Tom Shaw
Minister of Labour
1924–1929
Succeeded by
Margaret Bondfield
Party political offices
New title Chairman of the Conservative Party
1911–1916
Succeeded by
Sir George Younger, Bt
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Sauchie) 
1917–1935
Succeeded by
Arthur Ramsay-Steel-Maitland