Sir Charles Forbes-Leith, 1st Baronet

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Colonel Sir Charles Rosdew Forbes-Leith, 1st Baronet (20 February 1859 - 2 November 1930[1]), known as Charles Burn until 1923 and as Sir Charles Burn, Bt, between 1923 and 1925, was a British army officer and Conservative Party politician who was Member of Parliament for Torquay from 1910 to 1923.

Biography[edit]

Burn served in the 8th Hussars and the 1st Dragoons, before he was transferred to the 3rd (Militia) Battalion of the Gordon Highlanders in 1899. He was seconded for service with the Imperial Yeomanry in South Africa on 31 January 1900,[2] after the outbreak of the Second Boer War, and was in command of a Battalion. He later served with the Westminster Dragoons.

Burn was elected to Parliament at the December 1910 general election and held his seat until it was won by the Liberal Party in 1923. As well as his work with the Conservative Party Burn also joined the British Fascisti upon its formation in 1923 and sat on the Grand Council of what was initially a group with close ties to the right of the Conservative Party.[3] He was also a member of the National Citizens Union, a rightist pressure group.[4]

Burn was Aide-de-camp to King George V from 1910 to 1926 and was created a baronet, of Jessfield near Edinburgh in the County of Midlothian, in 1923.[5][6] Burn was married to the Honourable Ethel Louise Forbes-Leith, daughter of Alexander Forbes-Leith, 1st Baron Leith of Fyvie. When Lord Leith died in 1925 without male heir, thus resulting in the extinction of the title, Burn changed his name by deed poll to Charles Forbes-Leith of Fyvie and was able to inherit the family seat of Fyvie Castle.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The House of Commons Constituencies Beginning with "T"
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27159. p. 601. 30 January 1900.
  3. ^ Martin Pugh, "Hurrah for the Blackshirts!": Fascists and Fascism in Britain between the Wars, London: Pimlico, 2006, p. 52
  4. ^ Thomas P. Linehan, British fascism, 1918-39: parties, ideology and culture, Manchester University Press, 2000, p. 45
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32815. p. 2810. 17 April 1923.
  6. ^ Arthur Herbert Rosdew Burn
  7. ^ Newsweek Volume 34, p. 39
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Francis Layland-Barratt
Member of Parliament for Torquay
1910 - 1923
Succeeded by
Piers Gilchrist Thompson
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Jessfield)
1923–1930
Succeeded by
Robert Iain Algernon Forbes-Leith