Sir Charles Madden, 1st Baronet

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This article is about the British Admiral of the Fleet. For his son, also an admiral, see Sir Charles Madden, 2nd Baronet.
Sir Charles Madden, Bt
SirCharlesMadden.JPG
Sir Charles Madden when he was a Vice-Admiral
Born (1862-09-05)5 September 1862
Gillingham, Kent
Died 5 June 1935(1935-06-05) (aged 72)
London
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1875–1930
Rank Admiral of the Fleet
Commands held HMS Good Hope
HMS Dreadnought
First division of the Home Fleet
3rd cruiser squadron
2nd cruiser squadron
1st Battle Squadron
Atlantic Fleet
Battles/wars Anglo-Egyptian War
First World War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Order of Merit
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Mentioned in Despatches

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Edward Madden, 1st Baronet, GCB, OM, GCVO, KCMG (5 September 1862 – 5 June 1935) was a Royal Navy officer who served during the First World War as Chief of the Staff to Sir John Jellicoe in the Grand Fleet from 1914 to 1916 and as Second-in-Command of the fleet under Sir David Beatty from 1916 to 1919. He was Commander-in-Chief of the Atlantic Fleet after the War and served as First Sea Lord in the late 1920s. In that role, in order to avoid an arms race, he accepted parity with the United States in the form of 50 cruisers defending his position on the basis that he only actually had 48 cruisers anyway.

Early career[edit]

Born the second son of Captain John William Madden of the 4th (King's Own) Regiment and Emily Madden (née Busby), Madden joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in the training ship HMS Britannia in 1875.[1] Promoted to midshipman he was posted to the central battery ship HMS Alexandra, flagship of Admiral Geoffrey Hornby Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet in 1877 and was deployed to Constantinople during the Russo-Turkish War.[1] He transferred to the corvette HMS Ruby in the East Indies Squadron in 1880.[1] Promoted to sub-lieutenant on 27 October 1881, he was deployed to Suez during the Anglo-Egyptian War and was mentioned in dispatches in 1883.[1] He transferred to the battleship HMS Minotaur in the Channel Squadron in September 1883.[1]

A portrait of Sir Charles Madden by Reginald Grenville Eves

Promoted to lieutenant on 27 July 1884,[2] Madden transferred to the troopship HMS Assistance in November 1884 and then attended the torpedo school HMS Vernon before joining the directing staff there in 1885.[1] He became torpedo officer in the frigate HMS Raleigh on the Cape of Good Hope Station in March 1888 and then in the battleship HMS Royal Sovereign, flagship of the Channel Squadron in 1892 before rejoining the staff of HMS Vernon in 1893.[1] Promoted to commander on 30 June 1896,[3] he was posted to the cruiser HMS Terrible in the Mediterranean Fleet and then the battleship HMS Caesar also in the Mediterranean Fleet before returning to HMS Vernon again in 1899.[1] Promoted to captain on 30 June 1901,[4] he was in February 1902 appointed to HMS Renown, flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet, as an additional officer for duty with torpedo boat destroyers in the Mediterranean.[5] Later the same year, he was given command of the armoured cruiser HMS Good Hope, flagship of Admiral Wilmot Fawkes commanding the cruiser squadron on the North America and West Indies Station.[1] Appointed a Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order on 11 August 1903,[6] he joined the Ship Design Committee, which produced the Dreadnought and Invincible-class designs for battleships and armoured battlecruisers, in December 1904 and then became naval assistant to Admiral Henry Jackson, Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy in February 1905.[1] He became naval assistant to the First Sea Lord in December 1905 and was advanced to Commander of the Royal Victorian Order on 3 August 1907.[7]

Madden returned to sea as commanding officer of the battleship HMS Dreadnought and chief of staff to Sir Francis Bridgeman, commander-in-chief of the Home Fleet in August 1907.[1] He became Private Naval Secretary to Reginald McKenna, First Lord of the Admiralty, in December 1908 and, having been appointed a naval aide-de-camp to the King on 4 January 1910,[8] he went on to be Fourth Sea Lord in January 1910[1] and took part in the funeral of King Edward VII in May 1910.[9] Promoted to rear admiral on 12 April 1911,[10] he was given command of the first division of the Home Fleet during 1912, the 3rd cruiser squadron during 1913, and then the 2nd cruiser squadron during 1914.[11]

World War I[edit]

The battleship HMS Iron Duke, in which Madden saw action as Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet at the Battle of Jutland

When Admiral Sir John Jellicoe was appointed to take over the command of the Grand Fleet at the start of the First World War, he asked for his wife's brother-in-law, Madden, who had been designated to rejoin the Board of Admiralty as Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy, to accompany him as chief of staff.[11] Madden was accordingly sent to join Jellicoe in the dreadnought HMS Iron Duke, Jellicoe's flagship, in August 1914 and, having been promoted to acting vice admiral in June 1915 and appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 1916 New Year Honours,[12] he took part in the Battle of Jutland in May 1916.[11] He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George on 31 May 1916 for his services at Jutland[13] and confirmed in the rank of vice-admiral on 9 June 1916.[14] He was also appointed a commander of the French Legion of Honour on 15 September 1916.[15]

Madden was given command of the 1st Battle Squadron, as second in command of the Grand Fleet with his flag in the battleship HMS Marlborough in December 1916 later transferring his flag to the battleship HMS Revenge.[11] He was awarded the Russian Order of St. Anna 1st class (with swords) on 5 June 1917,[16] given the Japanese Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun on 29 August 1917[17] and appointed a Grand Officer of the Belgian Order of Leopold on 29 November 1918[18] as well as being awarded the French Croix de Guerre on 15 February 1919[19] and the Chinese Order of the Striped Tiger on 22 January 1920.[20] He was also advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath on 1 January 1919[21] and promoted to full admiral on 19 February 1919.[22]

Post war[edit]

When Admiral Sir David Beatty hauled down his flag as commander-in-chief of the Grand Fleet in 1919 and the war organization of the navy was broken up, Madden was appointed to the command of the newly constituted Atlantic Fleet with his flag in the battleship HMS Queen Elizabeth.[11] He was created a baronet on 29 December 1919[23] and advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order on 23 July 1920.[24]

The battleship HMS Queen Elizabeth, Madden's flagship as Commander-in-Chief of the Atlantic Fleet

Madden was appointed First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp to the King on 15 August 1922[25] and was promoted to Admiral of the Fleet on 31 July 1924.[26] He served as chairman of the committee on the functions and training of Royal Marines in 1924,[27] and took part in a committee under the chairmanship of Lord Chelmsford on the list of executive officers of the navy in 1925.[28] He was appointed First Sea Lord in July 1927 and, in that role, in order to avoid an arms race, he accepted parity with the United States in the form of 50 cruisers defending his position on the basis that he only actually had 48 cruisers anyway.[11] He retired in July 1930 and died at 29 Wimpole Street in London on 5 June 1935.[11]

Family[edit]

On 28 June 1905 Madden married Constance Winifred, third and youngest daughter of Sir Charles Cayzer, 1st Baronet, and sister of Countess Jellicoe; and they had two sons (Charles and John) and four daughters (Conn, Joan, Hope and Mary).[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Heathcote, p. 163
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25383. p. 3485. 1 August 1884. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26757. p. 3978. 10 July 1896. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27335. p. 4780. 19 July 1901. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Wednesday, 19 February 1902. (36695), p. 11.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27586. p. 5058. 11 August 1903. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28048. p. 5390. 6 August 1907. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28325. p. 30. 1 January 1910. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 28401. p. 5482. 26 July 1910. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28485. p. 2967. 14 April 1911. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Heathcote, p. 164
  12. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29423. p. 79. 31 December 1915. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29751. p. 9071. 15 September 1916. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29621. p. 5828. 13 June 1916. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29751. p. 9081. 15 September 1916. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30116. p. 5591. 5 June 1917. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30258. p. 8989. 28 August 1917. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31038. p. 14092. 26 November 1918. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31182. p. 2361. 14 February 1919. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31748. p. 950. 20 January 1920. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31099. p. 106. 31 December 1918. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31201. p. 2738. 25 February 1919. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31708. p. 15988. 30 December 1919. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31994. p. 7852. 27 July 1920. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32740. p. 6157. 22 August 1922. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32962. p. 5889. 5 August 1924. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  27. ^ Mandeles, p.56
  28. ^ "Sir Charles Madden". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  29. ^ "Sir Charles Madden". The Peerage.com. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Heathcote, Tony (2002). The British Admirals of the Fleet 1734 - 1995. Pen & Sword Ltd. ISBN 0-85052-835-6. 
  • Mandeles, Mark David (2007). Military Transformation Past and Present: Historic Lessons for the 21st Century. Praeger Publishers Inc. ISBN 978-0275991906. 

Further reading[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Hugh Evan-Thomas
Naval Secretary
1908–1910
Succeeded by
Ernest Troubridge
Preceded by
Sir Alfred Winsloe
Fourth Sea Lord
1910–1911
Succeeded by
Sir William Pakenham
Preceded by
New Post
Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet
1919–1922
Succeeded by
Sir John de Robeck
Preceded by
The Earl Beatty
First Sea Lord
1927–1930
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Field
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Stanley Colville
First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp
1922–1924
Succeeded by
Sir Somerset Gough-Calthorpe
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
(of Kells)
1919–1935
Succeeded by
Charles Madden