Sir Charles Madden, 2nd Baronet
|Sir Charles Edward Madden, Bt|
Admiral Sir Charles Madden
|Born||15 June 1906|
|Died||23 April 2001
|Years of service||1920–1965|
|Commands held||Royal Navy:
HMS Emperor (D98)
HMS Battleaxe (D118)
6th Destroyer Flotilla
Flag Officer Malta
C-in-C Home Fleet
Royal New Zealand Navy:
Chief of Naval Staff
Allied Commander-in-Chief Eastern Atlantic
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath|
Admiral Sir Charles Edward Madden, 2nd Baronet GCB (25 June 1906 – 23 April 2001) followed his father in a career with the Royal Navy that culminated in his serving as the Commander-in-Chief of the Home Fleet from 1963 to 1965.
A recognized expert in gunnery, Madden helped in the introduction of radar into the Royal Navy. He participated in the Battle of Calabria, the Battle of Taranto, the Battle of Cape Matapan, and the Battle of Crete during World War II . Following the war, Madden introduced the General List for officers which abolished many of the distinctions between the executive and other branches within the Royal Navy. He also served as the Chief of Naval Staff of the Royal New Zealand Navy.
Early life and family
Charles Edward Madden was born on June 15, 1906, the son of Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Madden, for whom the baronetcy was created in 1919. His mother Constance was a daughter of Sir Charles Cayzer, 1st Baronet, the distinguished shipowner, and his aunt Gwendoline had married Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe when he was a captain in 1902.
Madden was educated at the Royal Naval College, Osborne, and joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1920 after graduating from the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, at a ceremony in which the prizes were given out by his father, who was serving as the Commander-in-Chief of the Atlantic Fleet.
Madden initially serviced on board the battleship Iron Duke, the flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet. He subsequently served on the heavy cruiser Kent, the flagship of the 5th Cruiser Squadron, on the China Station. Madden participated in the annual gatherings at the British-owned anchorage and island of Wei-hai-wei, visited Japan, and attended the funeral of Sun Yat-sen, the president of the Republic of China.
In 1932, Lt. Madden joined the battleship Queen Elizabeth as its second gunnery officer. He was subsequently appointed as the flotilla gunnery officer, on board the flagship Exmouth, while the destroyer flotilla served in the Mediterranean Sea during the Second Italo–Abyssinian War.
Newly promoted to Lieutenant Commander, Madden joined the cruiser Sussex as its gunnery officer in 1935. During the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine, Madden was involved in running the lightly armoured train (making it vulnerable to attack by Arab terrorists) from Haifa to Samak as well as protecting army encampments with naval field guns landed from the Sussex and light cruiser Arethusa.
Influenced by Kent’s gunnery officer, the future Admiral Sir Philip Vian, Madden joined HMS Excellent Gunnery School at Portsmouth in September 1929 and qualified as an advanced gunnery officer (“dagger”). He returned to the Experimental Department at HMS Excellent Gunnery School as First Lieutenant in 1937. During this two-year stint, he was involved in the development gunnery fire control systems and supervised the arrangement for the funeral of Admiral Sir William Fisher, the Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.
World War II
Madden was promoted to commander in 1939 and was part of the pre-commissioning crew for the new battleship King George V, which was followed by staff work involving British operations in the Baltic Sea and research on the applications of shipboard radar.
Commander Madden was appointed as the executive officer for the battleship Warspite, the flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet, in May 1940. He participated in the Battle of Calabria, the Battle of Taranto, the Battle of Cape Matapan, the Battle of Crete, and the bombardment of Tripoli during operation in the Mediterranean theatre.
Madden was cited for official praise involving his damage control, fire-fighting, and casualty-relief efforts aboard the Warspite and the cruiser Orion during the Battle of Crete. An eyewitness account described Madden as being "cool, calm and collected, at least on the outside" during the battle and its aftermath. Madden also sustained a neck injury during a German bombing attack against the Warspite on June 23, 1941.
Madden remained with the Warspite during her subsequent overhaul at the U.S. Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton, Washington, from August to December 1941, and following the refit, as the flagship of Admiral Sir James Somerville, the Commander-in-Chief of the Eastern Fleet, operating in the Indian Ocean beginning in January 1942.
Madden undertook a two-year stint as the deputy director of the gunnery division within the Admiralty with the rank of acting captain. In late 1944, he took command of the escort aircraft carrier Emperor which, after convoy duty, operated against the Japanese bases in Burma, the Nicobars, and Sumatra as a unit of the Far East Fleet during the closing stages of the Burma campaign.
- Admiral of the Fleet Andrew B. Cunningham, 1st Viscount of Hyndhope, from 1945 to 1946
- Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Cunningham, 1946–1947
In 1947, Captain Madden took command of the destroyer Battleaxe, serving as Captain (D) of the 6th Destroyer Flotilla. He subsequently attended the Imperial Defence College in 1950, and then served on the Defence Research Policy Committee that recommended that Ministry of Defence develop guided missiles to meet its future air defense needs. In 1953, Madden was appointed the Chief of Naval Staff and First Naval Member of the Royal New Zealand Navy Board with the honorary rank of commodore.
Madden was promoted rear admiral in 1955 and appointed deputy to Admiral Sir Charles Lambe, the Second Sea Lord. In this position, Madden introduced the General List for officers in 1956 which abolished many of the distinctions between the executive and other branches within the Royal Navy. From 1957 to 1959, Admiral Madden held the post of Flag Officer Malta, with responsibilities for three squadrons of minesweepers, an amphibious warfare squadron, and a flotilla of submarines stationed at this overseas naval base. In this capacity, he had to employ considerable diplomatic skill to maintain good relations with Dom Mintoff, the nationalistic prime minister of Malta.
Madden subsequently served as Flag Officer, Flotillas, Home (FOFH), the flag officer of destroyers and frigates in the Home Fleet from 1959 to 1961. In the Fall of 1960, under his command, British naval forces led by the aircraft carriers Ark Royal and Hermes participated in NATO exercises against units of the U.S. Second Fleet units, which included the nuclear-powered radar-picket submarine Triton. Promoted to vice admiral in 1961, Madden served as Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth.
In 1963, Madden was appointed Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet, with the rank of admiral, a post that his father held. He concurrently served as NATO’s Allied Commander-in-Chief Eastern Atlantic, and in this capacity, Madden was instrumental in developing Standing Naval Force Atlantic as a permanent multi-national naval task force.
After retiring, Madden served as Vice Lord-Lieutenant of Greater London from 1969 to 1981. He chaired the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen, the National Maritime Museum, and the Standing Council of the Baronetage. Madden also served as executive secretary of a trust established to build a replica of HM Bark Endeavour for the bicentenary of James Cook's voyage of discovery to Australia in 1768, as well as serving as the naval adviser to the trust formed for the Overlord Embroidery which is on display at the D-Day Museum in Southsea. He was also a member of the Council of the Sail Training Association.
Madden also continued his life-long interest in painting, and he participated in numerous collective and one-man exhibitions at such venues as the Plymouth Art Club. Both he and his wife were involved in numerous charitable activities. His memoirs were privately printed in 1988.
Following his death, The Independent described Madden as being "a highly intelligent, thoughtful, caring and modest man. He was seldom ruffled and, like all successful admirals, was much admired by his men" whose 40-year naval career, observed the Times of London, spanned "the big-gun battleship swagger of the imperial high noon to the steely realities of the Cold War."
Order of the Bath
- CB: Companion (1955)
- KCB: Knight Commander (1961)
- GCB: Knight Grand Cross (1965)
Charles Edward Madden, 2nd Baronet, married Olive Robins, who died in 1989, in 1942 after a two-year engagement. They were survived by a daughter. Admiral Madden was succeeded in the baronetcy by his nephew, Peter John Madden (1942–2006), 3rd Baronet. Sir Peter Madden was succeeded in 2007 by his brother Charles Jonathan Madden (born 1949), 4th Baronet.
- "Obituary: Admiral Sir Charles Madden" by Dan van der Vat The Guardian (May 4, 2001)
- Bernard Hallas “My Life My War: Chapter 10a - The Catastrophe of Crete” WW2 People’s War - BBC
- Bernard Hallas “My Life My War: Chapter 10b - The Catastrophe of Crete” WW2 People’s War - BBC
- Edward L. Beach, Jr. Salt and Steel: Reflections of a Submariner (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1999), p. 263 - 269
- Biographical Profile The Daily Telegraph (November 11, 2001)
- "Obituary: Admiral Sir Charles Madden" by Max Arthur. The Independent (London)
- Times of London
- Obituary by Dan van der Vat The Guardian (May 4, 2001)
- Biographical Profile The Daily Telegraph (November 11, 2001)
- Bernard Hallas “My Life My War: Chapter 10a - The Catastrophe of Crete” WW2 People’s War - BBC  (May 31, 2005)
- Bernard Hallas “My Life My War: Chapter 10b - The Catastrophe of Crete” WW2 People’s War - BBC  (May 31, 2005)
Sir Richard Onslow
Sir Nigel Henderson
Sir Wilfrid Woods
|Commander in Chief, Home Fleet
Sir John Frewen
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
Peter John Madden