Sir Charles Morrison, 1st Baronet

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1707 engraving of Cassiobury House, Watford, Hertfordshire, the former Morrison seat, by Jan Kip and Leonard Knyff. As rebuilt by Sir Charles Morrison's grandson Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex (1631-1683)

Sir Charles Morrison, 1st Baronet (18 April 1587 – 20 August 1628) of Cashiobury in Watford, Hertfordshire, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1628.

Origins[edit]

Morrison was the only son and heir of Sir Charles Morrison (d.1599), MP, of Cashiobury, by his wife Dorothea Clark, daughter of Nicholas Clark.

Career[edit]

He succeeded to the estate of Cashiobury on the death of his father on 31 March 1599. He was made Knight of the Bath (KB) in 1603 at the English coronation of King James I and was created a baronet on 29 June 1611.[1][2][3]

In 1621 Morrison was elected Member of Parliament for Hertfordshire and was re-elected in 1624. He was elected MP for St Albans in 1625 and 1626. In 1628 he was elected MP for Hertford and sat until his death.[1][4] Prior to his first appearance in Parliament in May 1621, Morrison was reportedly assaulted on the Parliament stairs by the MP for Dunwich, Clement Cooke. After an enquiry, Cooke was imprisoned in the Tower of London for the attack.[5]

Marriage and progeny[edit]

On 4 December 1606 at Low Leyton, Essex, Morrison married Mary Hicks, daughter of Baptist Hicks, 1st Viscount Campden. She survived him and remarried (as his second wife) to Sir John Cooper, 1st Baronet of Rockbourne, Hampshire.[1] By his wife he had two sons who died in infancy[3]and a surviving daughter:

Elizabeth Morrison with her husband Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell and their children. Painting by Cornelius Johnson

Death[edit]

The Morrison family tombs and monuments are in the Morrison Chapel within St Mary's Church, Watford

Morrison died in 1628 at the age of 41[1] and was buried in the mortuary chapel of the Morrison and Essex families in St. Mary's Parish Church, Watford. His large, elaborate monument was executed by Nicholas Stone, a celebrated sculptor of the day. It sits opposite the tomb of his father, who died in 1599 and is designed in a similar style. The monument features reclining effigies of Sir Charles and his wife Mary sculpted in marble. Sir Charles is depicted wearing armour, resting on his elbow, with a scroll under his hand, while his wife is represented reclining on a cushion, wearing a richly embroidered dress. Below them are the kneeling figures of a youth, a boy and a young lady kneeling.[7]

Succession[edit]

Sir Charles left no surviving sons and thus the Morrison baronetcy became extinct on his death. The Cashiobury estate was inherited by his only daughter and sole heiress, Elizabeth Morrison, wife of Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham. The estate thus passed into the Capell family, and was the seat of her eldest son Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex (1631-1683). [3][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "G.E.C", ed. (1900). Complete Baronetage Volume I: 1611-1625. Exeter: William Pllard & Co. p. 71. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Sir Charles Morrison, 1st and last Bt.". ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "The Art Journal" 33. George Virtue. 1871. p. 254. Retrieved 17 December 2014.  - this source states he was made K.B. upon the ascent of Charles I of England to the throne.
  4. ^ "MORISON, Charles (1549-99), of Cassiobury, Herts.". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  5. ^ Nicholas, Sir Edward; Tyrwhitt, Thomas (1766). The Proceedings and Debates of the House of Commons in 1620 and 1621, Volume 2. p. 42-49. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Elizabeth Morrison". ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Watford in 1880". Hertfordshire Geneaology. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  8. ^ *Hutton, Ronald (October 2006) [2004]. "Capel, Arthur, first Baron Capel of Hadham (1604–1649)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4583.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) The first edition of this text is available as an article on Wikisource:  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1887). "Capel, Arthur (1610?-1649)". Dictionary of National Biography 9. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  9. ^ Jone (1829). Jones' Views of the Seats, Mansions, Castles, Etc. of Noblemen and Gentlemen in England::. Jones & Company. p. TT4. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Henry Cary
Ralph Coningsby
Member of Parliament for Hertfordshire
1621-1624
With: Sir Henry Cary 1621-1622
Sir William Lytton 1624
Succeeded by
Sir James Boteler
John Boteler
Preceded by
Robert Kirkham
Sir John Jennings
Member of Parliament for St Albans
1628
With: John Laken 1625
Sir Edward Goring 1626
Succeeded by
Sir John Jennings
Robert Kirkham
Preceded by
Sir William Harrington
Sir Capell Bedell
Member of Parliament for Hertford
1628-1629
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Howard;
Sir Thomas Fanshawe
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Peyton baronets
Morrison baronets
29 June 1611
Succeeded by
Baker baronets