Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Baronet

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The Right Honourable
Sir Edward Knatchbull
Bt FRS
Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Baronet.jpg
Portrait of Knatchbull by Thomas Phillips
Paymaster of the Forces
In office
23 December 1834 – 8 April 1835
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by Lord John Russell
Succeeded by Sir Henry Parnell, Bt
Paymaster-General
In office
8 September 1841 – 1 March 1845
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by Hon. Edward Stanley
Succeeded by Hon. Bingham Baring
Personal details
Born 20 December 1781 (1781-12-20)
Died 24 May 1849 (1849-05-25)
Mersham Hatch, Kent
Nationality British
Political party Tory/Ultra-Tory
Spouse(s) (1) Annabella Honywood
(d. 1814)
(2) Fanny Knight
(1793-1882)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Baronet PC, FRS (20 December 1781 – 24 May 1849) was a British Tory politician. He held office under Sir Robert Peel as Paymaster of the Forces between 1834 and 1835 and as Paymaster-General between 1841 and 1845.

Background and education[edit]

Knatchbull was the son of Sir Edward Knatchbull, 8th Baronet, and Mary, daughter of William Western Hugessen, and was educated at Christ Church, Oxford and matriculated in 1800.[1] He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1802[2] and was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1803. In 1819 he succeeded in the baronetcy on the death of his father.[1]

Political career[edit]

Knatchbull was elected as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Kent at a by-election in November 1819, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of his father.[3][4] He held the seat until the 1831 general election,[5] which he did not contest. The Reform Act 1832 split the Kent county constituency into Eastern and Western divisions, and at the 1831 general election Knatchbull was elected as one of the two MPs for the new Eastern division of Kent.[6] He held that seat until his resignation[7][8] in early 1845[5] by taking the Chiltern Hundreds.[7]

In 1829 he became one of the leaders of the "Ultra-Tories" who were opposed to Catholic emancipation in Ireland.[citation needed] Sworn of the Privy Council in 1834,[9] he served under Sir Robert Peel as Paymaster of the Forces between 1834 and 1835 and as Paymaster-General between 1841 and 1845.[10]

Family[edit]

Knatchbull married twice. His first wife was Annabella Christiana Honywood, daughter of Sir John Honywood, 4th Baronet. They married on 25 August 1806[1] and had six children:

  • Mary Louisa Knatchbull (b. 1808)
  • Eleanor Grace Knatchbull (d. 1913)
  • Beatrice Joanna Knatchbull (d. 1932)
  • Mary Dorothea Knatchbull (d. 1838)
  • Sir Norton Joseph Knatchbull, 10th Baronet (1808–1868)
  • (child, d. 1818)

Annabella died in childbirth in 1814 and on 24 October 1820, Knatchbull married secondly Fanny Catherine Knight, daughter of Edward Knight (né Edward Austen, the brother of English novelist Jane Austen).[1] They had nine children, including:

Knatchbull died in May 1849, aged 67, at the family's Mersham Hatch estate in Kent, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son from his first marriage, Norton. Lady Knatchbull died in December 1882.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e thepeerage.com Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Bt.
  2. ^ "Lists of Royal Society Fellows". Retrieved 2006-12-15. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17538. p. 2090. 23 November 1819. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  4. ^ Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 157. ISBN 0-900178-13-2. 
  5. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19009. p. 4. 1 January 1833. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  7. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 20450. p. 712. 4 March 1845. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  8. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 403. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19221. p. 2266. 16 December 1834.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20017. p. 2274. 10 September 1841.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Edward Knatchbull, 8th Bt
William Philip Honywood
Member of Parliament for Kent
18191831
With: William Philip Honywood 1819-1830
Thomas Law Hodges 1830-1831
Succeeded by
Thomas Law Hodges
Thomas Rider
New constituency Member of Parliament for East Kent
18321845
With: John Pemberton Plumptre
Succeeded by
John Pemberton Plumptre
William Deedes
Political offices
Preceded by
Lord John Russell
Paymaster of the Forces
1834–1835
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Parnell, Bt
Preceded by
Hon. Edward Stanley
Paymaster-General
1841–1845
Succeeded by
Hon. Bingham Baring
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Edward Knatchbull
Baronet
(of Mersham Hatch)
1819–1849
Succeeded by
Norton Joseph Knatchbull