George Brown (British Army officer)
- For others of this name, see George Brown (disambiguation).
|Sir George Brown|
Sir George Brown, photographed by Roger Fenton in the Crimea in 1855
|Commands held||Light Division|
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Royal Guelphic Order
Brown was born and educated in Elgin, Scotland. He obtained a commission in the 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry) (later the 1st Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry) in 1806, and he was promoted to lieutenant a few months later, He saw active service for the first time in the Mediterranean and at Copenhagen, 1806 and 1807. The 43rd was one of the earliest arrivals in Spain when the Peninsular War broke out, and Brown was with his regiment at Vimeiro, and in the Corunna retreat. Later in 1809 the famous Light Division was formed, and with Craufurd he was present at all the actions of 1810–1811, being severely wounded at Talavera; he was then promoted captain and attended the Staff College at Great Marlow until (late in 1812) he returned to the Peninsula as a captain in the 85th. With this regiment he served under Major-General Lord Aylmer at the Nivelle and Nive, his conduct winning for him the rank of major.
The 85th was next employed under General Robert Ross in America, and Brown, who received a severe wound at the action of Bladensburg, was promoted to a lieutenant-colonelcy. At the age of twenty-five, with a brilliant war record, he received an appointment at the Royal Horse Guards, and remained in London for over twenty-five years in various staff positions. He was made a colonel and K.H. in 1831, and by 1852 had arrived at the rank of lieutenant general and the dignity of K.C.B. In 1850 he was appointed Adjutant-General to the Forces, but following the appointment of Lord Hardinge to the post of commander-in-chief, Brown left the Horse Guards in 1853.
In 1854, on the despatch of a British force to the East, Sir George Brown was appointed to command the Light Division. This he led in action, and administered in camp, on Peninsular principles, and, whilst preserving the strictest discipline to a degree which came in for criticism, he made himself beloved by his men. At Alma he had a horse shot under him. At Inkerman he was wounded whilst leading the French Zouaves into action. In the following year, when an expedition against Kertch and the Russian communications was decided upon, Brown went in command of the British contingent. He was invalided home on the day of Lord Raglan's death. From March 1860 to March 1865 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Ireland. At the time of his death in 1865 he was a general and G.C.B..
- Colonel of the 7th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot (1854–1855)
- Colonel of the 32nd (The Cornwall) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry) (1863–1865)
- Colonel of the 77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot (1851–1854)
- Colonel-in-Chief of The Prince Consort's Own Rifle Brigade (1863–1865)
- The London Gazette: . 18 April 1850. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
- http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/ukraine/10675182/In-pictures-Roger-Fentons-historic-Crimean-War-photographs.html?frame=2841316 Photo of Sir George Brown and his staff before the Siege of Sebastopol 1854–55
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Brown (British Army officer).|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Brown, Sir George.|
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