Sir Henry Cheere, 1st Baronet

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Sir Henry Cheere, 1st Baronet (1703 – 15 January 1781) was a renowned English sculptor and monumental mason of the eighteenth century,[1][2] and older brother of John Cheere, also a notable sculptor.

Personal life and career[edit]

Born in Clapham, Surrey (now part of London), Cheere was apprenticed in 1718 to mason-sculptor Robert Hartshorne, an assistant to William and Edward Stanton.[2] By 1726 he had established his own sculptor's yard near St Margaret's, Westminster, was joined by Flemish sculptor Henry Scheemakers (from c.1729 until Scheemakers' departure from England c. 1733;[3] Scheemakers d. 1748) and took on many apprentices.[2]

In 1743, Cheere was appointed "Carver" to Westminster Abbey, an appointment which led to his creation of at least nine monuments in the Abbey. He also purchased more property in the area surrounding the Abbey and took on civic offices including acting as a director of the Westminster Fire Office (in 1745–47, 1760–62), Controller of Duties for the Free Fish Market of Westminster (from 1749), Justice of the Peace (c. 1750)[2] and deputy lieutenant for the county of Middlesex.[1]

In July 1748, Cheere joined William Hogarth and other artist friends, including Thomas Hudson, Joseph and Alexander Van Aken and Francis Hayman, on a trip to Paris, and then on to Flanders and the Netherlands.

In 1750, he was appointed a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. He was knighted on 10 December 1760 and created a baronet, of St Margaret's, Westminster on 19 July 1766.[1] Cheere was one of a group who unsuccessfully attempted to promote an English academy of arts (prior to the establishment of the Royal Academy).[3]

He retired from business and sold the contents of his workshop in March 1770.[2]

Death and legacy[edit]

Upon his death, his son William Cheere succeeded him as 2nd Baronet, but died unmarried in 1808. Sir Henry also had a daughter, Charles Cheere (1735–1799).[4]

According to the Pevsner Buildings of England series guides, Henry Cheere was “the first English-born sculptor to match the virtuosity of the continentals” and “formed his style on the small, crisp, curvaceous shapes of the French sculptor [Roubiliac], though his monuments never approached Roubiliac’s in ease and inventiveness. Much of his work is unsigned, as is his commonly considered c.1760 masterpiece at Shadoxhurst, Kent.[5]

Works[edit]

Statue of William III in Petersfield (c. 1757)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c George Edward Cokayne, ed., The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date, c.1900); reprint, (Gloucester: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), Vol. V, p.140.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Department for Culture, Media and Sport: Export of Works of Art 2002-2003 - see http://www.culture.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/3BC3BEED-545A-490F-B272-43FBBC37933C/0/ewoa20022003report2.pdf
  3. ^ a b Whinney, M., Sculpture in Britain 1530-1830, 2nd edn., Harmondsworth, 1988
  4. ^ thePeerage.com - Person Page 21845
  5. ^ John Newman. West Kent and the Weald. The “Buildings of England” Series, First Edition, Sir Nikolaus Pevsner and Judy Nairn, eds. (London: Penguin, 1969), p.103-104
  6. ^ The Art Fund - Art Saved
  7. ^ Sir Henry Cheere, 1st Bt (1702-1781)
  8. ^ Lincs
  9. ^ The Puzzle of St Mary's Church, Hale - Judith Leigh
  10. ^ Roscoe, Ingrid (2009), A Biographical Dictionary of Sculptors in Britain, 1660-1851 (Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art), Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0300149654 
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
(of St Margaret's)
1766–1781
Succeeded by
William Cheere