Sir Henry Norman, 1st Baronet

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This article is about the journalist. For the colonial governor, see Henry Wylie Norman.
The Right Honourable
Sir Henry Norman
PC
Portrait of Sir Henry Norman, 1st Baronet.jpg
In office
1910–1923
Preceded by John Lloyd Gibbons
Succeeded by Thomas Edgecumbe Hickman
Personal details
Born (1858-09-19)19 September 1858
Leicester
Died 4 June 1939(1939-06-04)
Nationality British
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Ménie Muriel Dowie, Florence Priscilla McLaren
Children Henry Nigel St Valery Norman

Sir Henry Norman, 1st Baronet PC (19 September 1858 – 4 June 1939) was an English journalist and Liberal politician. Norman was educated privately in France and at Harvard University, where he obtained his B.A. For several years he worked on the editorial staff of the Pall Mall Gazette and later joined the editorial staff of the News Chronicle, being appointed Assistant Editor of the latter in 1895. He retired from journalism in 1899. During this time he travelled widely in Canada and the United States and in Russia, Japan, China, Siam, Malaya and Central Asia. Much of the material included in the two volumes mentioned in the description was amassed during these tours.

Family and Education[edit]

Norman was born at Leicester, the son of Henry Norman, a merchant and local radical politician. Norman was educated at Leicester Collegiate School and Grove House School and later studied theology and philosophy at Leipzig and Harvard University. His family were Unitarians in religion and Norman first embarked in a career as a preacher but he gave up this calling and his religion on his return to England. In 1891 he married Ménie Muriel Dowie (1867–1945) but they divorced in 1903. Norman was awarded custody of their son Henry Nigel St Valery Norman who was born in 1897. In 1907 he married Florence Priscilla (‘Fay’) McLaren (1884–1964), the daughter of the wealthy industrialist and Liberal MP, Sir Charles Benjamin Bright McLaren, later Lord Aberconway. They had three children. In 1922 he purchased Ramster Hall, Chiddingfold, Guildford, Surrey with Lady Norman.[1]

Journalism[edit]

Norman became a journalist working for the Pall Mall Gazette and the New York Times. As a journalist he was famous for getting at the truth behind the Dreyfuss Affair. He was on the staff of the Daily Chronicle from 1892, becoming assistant editor. Norman also travelled extensively in the East, where he took a number of photographs that are held at Cambridge University. Later he founded the magazine The World's Work.

Business[edit]

He was appointed Assistant Postmaster-General in 1910 and his interest in international communications led to a number of appointments related to wireless and telegraphy, among them Chairman of the War Office Committee on Wireless Telegraphy 1912, and Chairman of the Imperial Wireless Telegraphy Committee of 1920, the latter convened to draw up a complete wireless scheme for the Empire.[2]

In other business, Norman was a director of a number of companies connected to the coal mining and iron trades industries.

Politics[edit]

Sir Henry Norman

Norman was a Liberal Member of Parliament for Wolverhampton South from 1900 to 1910, and for Blackburn from 1910 to 1923. He was created a Baronet, of Honeyhanger in the Parish of Shottermill in the County of Surrey, in 1915 and in 1918 he was admitted to the Privy Council. In January 1910 he was appointed Assistant Postmaster General but a few days later he lost his seat in the general election of January 1910 and he never held ministerial office again. He was however made chairman of a number of important government ranging from the Imperial Wireless Telegraphy Committee to committees on Patent Medicines and Rent Restrictions, Betting Duty and Industrial Paints. Norman was also appointed a Justice of the Peace for Surrey.

Selected writings[edit]

  • An Account of the Harvard Greek Play (1881)
  • The Preservation of Niagara Falls (1882)
  • The Real Japan (1892)
  • The Peoples and Politics of the Far East (1895) [1]
  • Round the Near East
  • All the Russias (1902)
  • Will No Man Understand? a play, (1934)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Lloyd Gibbons
Member of Parliament for Wolverhampton South
1900January 1910
Succeeded by
Thomas Edgecumbe Hickman
Preceded by
Phillip Snowden and
Thomas Barclay
Member of Parliament for Blackburn
December 19101923
With: Phillip Snowden 1910–1918
Percy Thompson Dean 1918–1922
Sydney Henn 1922–1923
Succeeded by
Sir Sydney Herbert Holcroft Henn and
John Duckworth
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Honeyhanger)
1915–1939
Succeeded by
Henry Nigel St Valery Norman