Sir Henry Wilmot, 5th Baronet

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Sir Henry Wilmot
Henry Wilmot 5th.jpg
Born 3 February 1831
Chaddesden, Derby
Died 7 April 1901
Bournemouth, Dorset
Buried at St Mary's Churchyard, Chaddesden
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Colonel
Unit 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot
The Rifle Brigade
Sherwood Foresters
Battles/wars Indian Mutiny
Second Opium War
Awards Victoria Cross
Other work Member of Parliament

Colonel Sir Henry Wilmot, 5th Baronet Wilmot of Chaddesden VC KCB (3 February 1831 – 7 April 1901) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was also a Conservative politician.

Early life[edit]

Wilmot was born in Chaddesden, Derby,[1] the son of Sir Henry Wilmot (4th Baronet) and his wife Maria Mundy daughter of Edmund Mundy of Shipley Hall and was educated at Rugby School[1]

Military career[edit]

Henry Wilmot in 1849 as an Ensign of the 43rd Foot

Wilmot purchased a commission as an Ensign in the 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot.[2] Two years later he purchased a Lieutenancy[3] and in 1855 purchased a Captaincy in the same regiment.[4] Later in 1855 he transferred to the Rifle Brigade, still as a Captain.[5] Wilmot served as a captain in the 2nd Battalion, The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) and later was on the staff of Brigadier General Hope Grant.[1] It was while assigned to the staff that he fought in the Indian Mutiny; on 11 March 1858 at Lucknow, India, along with Private David Hawkes and Corporal William Nash, the following deed led to his being awarded the Victoria Cross:

Rifle Brigade, 2nd Battalion. Captain (now Brevet-Major) Henry Wilmot

Date of Act of Bravery, 11th March, 1858

For conspicuous gallantry at Lucknow on the 11th March, 1858. Captain Wilmot's Company was engaged with a large body of the enemy, near the Iron Bridge. That officer found himself at the end of a street with only four of his men, opposed to a considerable body. One of the four was shot through both legs, and became utterly helpless: the two men lifted him up, and although Private Hawkes was severely wounded, he carried him for a considerable distance, exposed to the fire of the enemy, Captain Wilmot firing with the men's rifles, and covering the retreat of the party. Despatch of Brigadier-General Walpole, C.B., dated 20th of March, 1858.[6]

Later, he served in the Oudh campaign of 1858-9 and the Second China War.

In 1862, Wilmot retired from the regular army[7] having been appointed a Major in the Volunteer Force unit, the 1st Administrative Battalion, Derbyshire Rifle Volunteers.[8] Appointment as Lieutenant Colonel of the Derbyshire Rifle Volunteers followed in 1863.[9] Further recognition was made in 1868 when Wilmot was appointed as a Deputy Lieutenant of Derbyshire[10] In 1881 he was granted the honorary rank of Colonel of the Derbyshire Rifle Volunteers,[11] prior to resigning his commission and being appointed honorary Colonel of the Derbyshire Rifle Corps.[12] With the expansion of the Volunteer Force Wilmot was appointed as brigade commander of the North Midland Brigade in 1888[13] with the substantive rank of Colonel in the Volunteer Forces[14] an appointment he held until 1895.[15]

Personal life[edit]

Wilmot married Charlotte Pare (1838–1891) in 1862.[1] He succeeded to the baronetcy of Wilmot of Chaddesden on the death of his father in 1872[1] and was made a Companion of the Bath in the Civil Division of the Order (CB) in 1881.[16] A final honour in 1898 was to be appointed a Knight Commander of the Bath (KCB).[17]

Henry Wilmot died of pneumonia on 7 April 1901 at his home in Bournemouth[1] and was buried at St Mary's Church, Chaddesden.[18]

Political career[edit]

Wilmot sat as Conservative Member of Parliament for South Derbyshire from 1869 to 1885.[1] He was also an alderman of Derbyshire and had been chairman of the County Council.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Sir Henry Wilmot". The Times. 8 April 1901. p. 4. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20982. p. 1763. 29 May 1849. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21254. p. 2586. 17 October 1851. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21704. p. 1667. 1 May 1855. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21760. p. 3033. 10 August 1855. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22212. p. 5515. 24 December 1858. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22595. p. 592. 4 February 1862. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22583. p. 5580. 27 December 1861. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22729. p. 2188. 24 April 1863. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23343. p. 213. 17 January 1868. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25026. p. 5090. 14 October 1881. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25048. p. 6663. 13 December 1881. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25836. p. 3765. 10 July 1888. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25842. p. 4128. 31 July 1888. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26635. p. 3464. 18 June 1895. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 24976. p. 2674. 24 May 1881. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26947. p. 1685. 14 March 1898. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
  18. ^ "Respect for Victoria Cross hero". Derby Telegraph. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Rowland Smith
Sir Thomas Gresley
Member of Parliament for South Derbyshire
with Rowland Smith 1869–1874
Thomas William Evans 1874–1885

1869–1885
Succeeded by
Henry Wardle
(representation reduced to one member 1885)
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Sacheverel Wilmot
Baronet
Wilmot (of Chaddesden)
1872–1901
Succeeded by
Ralph Henry Sacheverell Wilmot