Sir Isaac Holden, 1st Baronet
Holden in 1868, painted by Samuel Sidley
7 May 1807|
|Died||13 August 1897
|Undercliffe Cemetery, Bradford|
|Occupation||inventor and politician|
Sir Isaac Holden, 1st Baronet (7 May 1807 – 13 August 1897) was an inventor and manufacturer, who is known both for his work with wool-combing and with matches.
He was born in the village of Hurlet near Glasgow, and from the age of ten worked in a cotton mill. He became largely self-educated, although he did briefly attend a grammar school. After an unsuccessful apprenticeship, he became a teacher at local schools, and in 1829 obtained a post at the Castle Academy in Reading, Berkshire. It was here that it was thought he developed the Lucifer match, but it was actually invented by a man named John Walker of Stockton-on-Tees in 1827, who did not patent the invention. The following year he returned to Scotland, and after a brief period of teaching became a bookkeeper at a worsted factory. Transferring to the technical side, he developed a square motion wool-comber and a device for making genappe yarns, which he did patent along with Samuel Lister (later Lord Masham).
In 1848, trading as Lister & Holden, they set up a factory near Paris which became the largest wool-combing establishment in the world. Lister retired from the business, and the company became Isaac Holden and sons.
Holden owned Oakworth House near Keighley in Yorkshire. In 1893, at the age of 86, he was created a Baronet, of Oakworth House in the County of York. Holden died in August 1897, aged 90, and was buried in Undercliffe Cemetery, Bradford. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his eldest son Angus Holden. His daughter Margaret had married Alfred Illingworth who succeeded him as MP for Knaresborough. In 1908 his son was raised to the peerage as Baron Holden.
- "Holden, Sir Isaac". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13491. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- The London Gazette: . 4 July 1893.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir Isaac Holden
- A list of Holden-related papers held at Bradford University (PDF)
- National Archive records about Sir Isaac Holden
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Isaac Holden.|
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Basil Thomas Woodd
|Member of Parliament for Knaresborough
With: Basil Thomas Woodd
Sir Mathew Wilson
Lord Frederick Cavendish
|Member of Parliament for Northern West Riding of Yorkshire
With: Sir Mathew Wilson
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Keighley
Sir John Brigg
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
(of Oakworth House)