Jadunath Sarkar

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Sir Jadunath Sarkar
Born 10 December 1870
Karchamaria, Singra, Natore, British India
Died 19 May 1958
Calcutta, India
Occupation Historian
Spouse(s) Kadambini, Lady Sarkar

Sir Jadunath Sarkar CIE (10 December 1870 - 19 May 1958) was a prominent Indian Bengali aristocrat and historian.

Life and career[edit]

Born in Karchamaria village, he was the son of Rajkumar Sarkar, the Zamindar of Karchamaria in Natore in Bengal. In 1891, he passed the B.A. examination with honours in English and History from Presidency College, Calcutta. In 1892, he stood First in the First Class in the M.A. examination of Calcutta University in English. In 1897, he received Premchand-Roychand scholarship.

He became a teacher in English literature in 1893 at Ripon College, Kolkata (later renamed Surendranath College). In 1898, he started teaching at Presidency College, Calcutta. In 1899, he was transferred to Patna College, Patna, where he taught till 1926. In between, in 1917-1919, he taught Modern Indian History in Benaras Hindu University and during 1919-1923 he taught in Ravenshaw College, Cuttack, now in Odisha. In 1923, he became an honorary member of the Royal Asiatic Society of London. In August 1926, he was appointed as the Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University. In 1928, he joined as Sir W. Meyer Lecturer in Madras University.

Sarkar was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) and knighted in the 1929 Birthday Honours list.[1] He was invested with his knighthood at Simla by the acting Viceroy, Lord Goschen, on 22 August 1929.[2]


His residence at 10 Lake Terrace, Calcutta housed the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta, an autonomous research centre from 1973 to 2000. It now houses the newly established Jadunath Sarkar Resource Centre for Historical Research, under the aegis of the CSSSC.

Jos J. L. Gommans compares Sarkar's work with that of the Aligarh historians noting that while the Aligarh historians worked mainly on the Mansabdari system and Gunpowder technology in the Mughal Empire, Sarkar concentrated on Military tactics and Sieges.[3] Kaushik Roy notes that the works of Jadunath Sarkar along with those of Jagadish Narayan Sarkar are now "forgotten due to pressure of Marxism and Postmodernism".[4]



  • A History of Jaipur (1984)
  • The Fall of the Mughal Empire (in 4 volumes), (1932–38)
  • Military History of India
  • The House of Shivaji
  • The Rani of Jhansi
  • Famous Battles of Indian History
  • Chronology of Indian History
  • Shivaji (in Bengali)
  • A History of Aurangzib (in 5 volumes), (1912–24)
  • Mughal Administration (1920)
  • Shivaji and his Times (1919)
  • Anecdotes of Aurangzib
  • Studies in Mughal India
  • India of Aurangzib (1901)
  • A Short History of Aurangzib
  • A History of Bengal

Edited books[edit]

  • Later Mughals by William Irvine (in 2 volumes), (1922)
  • Edited, translated and compiled the collection of Mirza Raja Jai Singh I's letters titled Haft Anjuman.


  1. ^ The London Gazette, 3 June 1929
  2. ^ "Viewing Page 6245 of Issue 33539". London-gazette.co.uk. 1929-10-01. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  3. ^ Jos J. L. Gommans (2002). Mughal Warfare: Indian Frontiers and Highroads to Empire, 1500-1700. Psychology Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-415-23989-9. 
  4. ^ Kaushik Roy (2004). India's Historic Battles: From Alexander the Great to Kargil. Orient Blackswan. p. 10. ISBN 978-81-7824-109-8. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Pawar, Kiram (1985). Sir Jadunath Sarkar: a profile in historiography. Books & Books. 

External links[edit]