Sir John Child, 1st Baronet
Born in London, Child was sent as a young boy to his uncle, the chief of the factory at Rajapur. In 1682, he was appointed chief of the East India Company's affairs at Surat and Bombay, while at the same time his namesake, stated to be unrelated by the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Sir Josiah Child, was governor of the company at home.
The two men guided the affairs of the company through the period of struggle between the Mughals and Marathas. They have been credited by history with the change from unarmed to armed trade on the part of the company; however, both were actually loath to quarrel with the Mughal Empire. War broke out with Aurangzeb in 1689, but in the following year Child had to sue for peace, one of the conditions being that he should be expelled from India. He escaped this expulsion by his death.
Burke's Armorials 1884 gives his arms as follows: (Child of Surat, East Indies and Dervill, Essex, bart. created 1684, extinct 1753): "Vert, 2 bars engrailled between 3 leopards' faces or". Crest: A leopard's face or, between 2 laurel branches proper. Motto: Spes Alit (Hope Nourishes). These arms are in no way similar to those of Sir Josiah Child or Sir Francis Child, of Child & Co bankers, which seems to confirm the lack of any family relationship.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Leigh Rayment's list of baronets [self-published source][better source needed]
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