Sir John Hynde Cotton, 3rd Baronet

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Sir John Hynde Cotton
Portrait of Sir John Hynde Cotton, 3rd Bt.jpg
Portrait by Allan Ramsay, 1740
Treasurer of the Chamber
In office
1744–1746
Monarch George II
Prime Minister Henry Pelham
Preceded by Sir John Hynde Cotton, 3rd Baronet
Succeeded by Richard Arundell
Member of Parliament for Marlborough
In office
1741–1752
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
In office
1727–1741
Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
In office
1722–1727
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
In office
1708–1722
Personal details
Born 1686
Died 4 January, 1752 (aged 66)
Park Place, St. James's, London
Resting place Lanwade, Cambridgeshire
Political party Tory
Children Sir John Hynde Cotton, 4th Baronet
Education Westminster School
Alma mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge

Sir John Hynde Cotton, 3rd Baronet (bap. 1686 – 1752) was an English Jacobite MP. The historian Eveline Cruickshanks called him "one of the most zealous Jacobites in England".[1]

He was the son of Sir John Cotton, 2nd Baronet, of Lanwade and Madingley Hall, Cambridgeshire who had been himself M.P. several times for Cambridge. John Hynde was educated at Westminster school and Emmanuel College, Cambridge.[2]

After an MP deserted the Tories and made a speech loyal to Sir Robert Walpole, Cotton criticised him to Walpole, saying “That young dog promised that he would always stand by us.” Sir Robert replied: “I advise my young men never to use always.” “Yet”, said Cotton, stammering, “you yourself are very apt to make use of all ways.”[3]

Horace Walpole wrote that Cotton "had wit and the faithful attendant of wit, ill nature; and was the greatest master of the arts of the House, where he seldom made but short speeches, having a stammering in his elocution, which however he knew how to manage with humour. In the end of Queen Anne's reign he was in place; during Sir Robert Walpole's administration constantly and warmly in opposition; and was so determined a Jacobite, that though on the late coalition he accepted a place in the household and held it two years, he never gave a vote with the court, which argued nice distinction, not only in taking the oaths to the King (for that all the Jacobites in Parliament do) but in taking his pay and yet obstructing his service: and as nice in the King's ministers, who could discover the use of making a man accept a salary, without changing his party".[4]

He married twice: firstly Lettice, daughter of Sir Ambrose Crowley of Greenwich and secondly Margaret, the daughter of James Craggs. He was succeeded by his only surviving son, John Hynde Cotton, child of his first wife.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eveline Cruickshanks, Political Untouchables. The Tories and the '45 (Duckworth, 1979), p. 40.
  2. ^ "COTTON, Sir John Hynde, 3rd Bt. (c.1688-1752), of Madingley Hall, Cambs". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2012-04-15. 
  3. ^ Horace Walpole, Memoirs of King George II. I: January 1751 - March 1754 (Yale University Press, 1985), p. 21, n. 10.
  4. ^ Walpole, pp. 21-22.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Anthony Thompson
Sir John Cotton, Bt
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
1708–1722
With: Samuel Shepheard 1708–1715, 1715–1722
Thomas Sclater (Bacon) 1715, 1722
Succeeded by
Thomas Bacon
Gilbert Affleck
Preceded by
Sir Robert Clarke, Bt
Francis Whichcote
Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
1722–1727
With: Lord Harley 1722–1724
Samuel Shepheard 1724–1727
Succeeded by
Samuel Shepheard
Henry Bromley
Preceded by
Thomas Bacon
Gilbert Affleck
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
1727–1741
With: Thomas Bacon 1727–1737
Gilbert Affleck 1737–1741
Succeeded by
Viscount Dupplin
James Martin
Preceded by
Francis Seymour
John Crawley
Member of Parliament for Marlborough
1741–1752
With: John Crawley 1741–1747
John Talbot 1747–1752
Succeeded by
John Talbot
Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Hobart
Treasurer of the Chamber
1744–1746
Succeeded by
Richard Arundell
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
John Cotton
Baronet
(of Landwade)
1713–1752
Succeeded by
John Hynde Cotton