Sir John Swinburne, 6th Baronet

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Sir John Swinburne, 6th Baronet (6 March 1762 – 26 September 1860) was an English politician and patron of the arts.

John Swinburne, 1785 painting by Thomas Gainsborough.

Life[edit]

He was born at Bordeaux. The Swinburne family of Capheaton Hall was traditionally Roman Catholic and Jacobite, but at age 25 Swinburne inherited the baronetcy and went into politics as a Protestant Whig. He became Member of Parliament for Launceston in 1788.[1] There was a vacancy there, because the sitting MP George Rose had accepted an office under the Crown, and had to step down;[2] Swinburne from 1786 had intended to stand for Northumberland, but Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland managed his selection for the Cornwall constituency.[3] He went no further in Parliament, but remained a political leader in Northumberland, and an associate of Charles Grey who was elected for the constituency in 1786.[4]

Swinburne completed the work on the north front of Capheaton Hall envisaged by his father. It was carried out by William Newton.[5][6]

He was a Fellow of the Royal Society, and Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London.[7]

Patron[edit]

He was a patron to William Mulready: they shared an enthusiasm for boxing. Mulready taught the Swinburne family and painted their portraits.[8] He also supported John Hodgson, who referred in his History of Northumberland to Swinburne as a "munificent contributor to the embellishments and materials of this work".[9]

Family[edit]

He married Emma, daughter of Richard Henry Alexander Bennet of Babraham, Cambridgeshire, on 13 July 1787; she was a niece of Frances Julia (née Burrell, daughter of Peter Burrell), second wife of the 2nd Duke of Northumberland. Their children were:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Philip Henderson, Swinburne: the portrait of a poet (1976), p. 6; Google Books.
  2. ^ historyofparliamentonline.org, Launceston, 1754-1790.
  3. ^ Roland G. Thorne, The House of Commons 1790-1820 (1986), p. 303; Google Books.
  4. ^ historyofparliamentonline.org, Percy, Hugh, Earl Percy (1785-1847).
  5. ^ Capheaton Hall site, History.
  6. ^ Images of England page.
  7. ^ Philosophical Transactions Part 2 (1833), Royal Society of London, p. 48; Google Books.
  8. ^ Pointon, Marcia. "Mulready, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19520.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  9. ^ John Hodgson, A History of Northumberland, in three parts, Part 2, Volume 1 (1827), p. 234; Google Books.
  10. ^ Rooksby, Rikky. "Swinburne, Algernon Charles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36389.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  11. ^ John Debrett, Debrett's Baronetage of England (1835) p. 95; archive.org.
  12. ^ William James Gordon-Gorman, Converts to Rome: a biographical list of the more notable converts to the Catholic Church in the United Kingdom during the last sixty years (1910), p. 28; archive.org.

External links[edit]