Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Baronet
Matthew Wood was the son of William Wood, a serge maker from Exeter and Tiverton, and his wife Catherine Cluse (died 1809). He was educated briefly at Blundell's School, before being obliged to help his ailing father. He was apprenticed to his cousin, an Exeter chemist and druggist, but moved to London in 1790 to set himself up in business.
He was a member of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers, a member of the Court of Aldermen of the City of London, Sheriff of the City of London for 1809 and Lord Mayor of London from 1815 to 1817. He was elected unopposed as a Member of Parliament for the City of London at a by-election in June 1817, following the resignation of Harvey Christian Combe MP. He held the seat until his death in 1843.
”The Queen arrived in London yesterday at seven o’clock… She travelled in an open landau, Alderman Wood sitting by her side and Lady Anne Hamilton and another woman opposite. Everybody was disgusted at the vulgarity of Wood in sitting in the place of honour, while the Duke of Hamilton’s sister was sitting backwards in the carriage.”
- John-Page Wood (1796–1866), who became a Church of England vicar in Essex
- Maria-Elizabeth (born 1798)
- Catharine (born 1799)
- William (1801–1881), later Lord Hatherley, became a barrister, a Liberal MP, and served as Lord Chancellor from 1868 to 1872
- Western (1804–1863), MP for the City of London 1861–63
- Henry-Wright (born 1806), died an infant
John's daughter Katharine (1846–1921) was better known by her married name of Katharine O'Shea. Popularly known as Kitty O'Shea, her relationship with the Irish leader Charles Stewart Parnell led to a political scandal which caused his downfall.
- Leigh Rayment's list of baronets – Baronetcies beginning with "P" (part 1) [self-published source][better source needed]
- Collen, G. W. (1840). Debrett's baronetage of England. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen 3. London. p. 593. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 14 June 1817. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Lord Mayors of The City of London From 1189" (PDF). City of London Corporation. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 211–2. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 4. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Charles C. F. Greville, A Journal of the Reigns of King George IV and King William V, volume I (London, Longmans Green & Co, 1874), at page 28
- The London Gazette: . 14 November 1837.
- Fargnoli, A. Nicholas; Gillespie, Michael Patrick (2006). Critical companion to James Joyce: a literary reference to his life and work. New York: Facts on File, Inc. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir Matthew Wood
- Portraits of Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt at the National Portrait Gallery, London
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