Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Baronet

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For other people named Matthew Wood, see Matthew Wood (disambiguation).

Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Baronet (2 June 1768 – 25 September 1843)[1] was a British Whig politician.

Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Bt by Arthur William Devis.


Matthew Wood was the son of William Wood, a serge maker from Exeter and Tiverton, and his wife Catherine Cluse (died 1809).[2] He was educated briefly at Blundell's School, before being obliged to help his ailing father. He was apprenticed to his cousin, an Exeter chemist and druggist, but moved to London in 1790 to set himself up in business.[3] On 5 November 1795 he married Maria Page, the daughter of John Page from Woodbridge in Suffolk.[2] They had six children.

He was a member of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers,[4] a member of the Court of Aldermen of the City of London, Sheriff of the City of London for 1809 and Lord Mayor of London from 1815 to 1817.[5] He was elected unopposed[6] as a Member of Parliament for the City of London at a by-election in June 1817,[4] following the resignation of Harvey Christian Combe MP.[4] He held the seat until his death in 1843.[7][8]

He was made a Baronet in 1837, of Hatherley House in Gloucestershire,[1][9] the name of his country seat.[2]



  1. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's list of baronets – Baronetcies beginning with "P" (part 1) [self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b c Collen, G. W. (1840). Debrett's baronetage of England. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen 3. London. p. 593. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c The London Gazette: no. 17259. p. 1339. 14 June 1817. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  5. ^ "Lord Mayors of The City of London From 1189". City of London Corporation. Retrieved 7 December 2010. 
  6. ^ Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 211–2. ISBN 0-900178-13-2. 
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 4. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19558. p. 2921. 14 November 1837.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Harvey Christian Combe
John Atkins
Sir James Shaw, Bt
Sir William Curtis, Bt
Member of Parliament for the City of London
With: John Atkins to 1818
Sir James Shaw, Bt to 1818
Sir William Curtis, Bt to 1818
John Thomas Thorp 1818–20
Robert Waithman 1818–20
Thomas Wilson 1818–26
Sir William Curtis, Bt 1820–26
George Bridges 1820–26
William Thompson 1826–32
Robert Waithman 1826 – March 1833
William Ward 1826–31
William Venables 1831–32
George Grote 1832–41
Sir John Key, Bt 1832 – August 1833
George Lyall March 1833–1835
William Crawford August 1833–1841
James Pattison 1835–41
George Lyall 1841–47
John Masterman 1841–57
Lord John Russell 1841–61
Succeeded by
James Pattison
George Lyall
John Masterman
Lord John Russell
Civic offices
Preceded by
Samuel Birch
Lord Mayor of London
Succeeded by
Christopher Smith
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Hatherley House, Gloucestershire)
Succeeded by
John Page Wood