Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 1st Baronet, of Great Lever

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For other people named Orlando Bridgeman, see Orlando Bridgeman (disambiguation).
Orlando Bridgeman
Portrait of Orlando Bridgeman by Robert White 1682.jpg
Sir Orlando Bridgeman
Born 30 January 1606 (1606-01-30)
Died 25 June 1674 (1674-06-26) (aged 68)
Occupation English politician

Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 1st Baronet SL (30 January 1606 – 25 June 1674) was an English common law jurist, lawyer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1642. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.

Life[edit]

Bridgeman was the son of John Bridgeman, Bishop of Chester, and his wife Elizabeth Helyar, daughter of Reverend William Helyar. He was educated Queens' College, Cambridge and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1624.[1] In the same year, Bridgeman became a Fellow of Magdalene College, Cambridge and was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple. He worked as barrister until 1632, becoming Vice-Chamberlain of Chester in 1638. In 1640, he was appointed Attorney of the Court of Wards in 1640, and Solicitor-General to Charles, the Prince of Wales.

In April 1640, Bridgeman was elected Member of Parliament for Wigan in the Short Parliament. He was re-elected MP for Wigan for the Long Parliament in November 1640.[2] He rallied to the royal cause and in 1642 assisted Lord Strange at Chester against the parliamentary forces. As a result he was disabled from sitting in parliament on 29 August 1642.[3] He was knighted by the King in 1643. From 1644 to 1646, Bridgeman was Custos Rotulorum of Cheshire. In 1645, he was Commissioner at the Treaty of Uxbridge. He compounded for his delinquency in 1646.

On 30 May 1660, Bridgeman was made Serjeant-at-Law, and two days later Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. The following week, on 7 June 1660, he was created a Baronet, of Great Lever, in the County of Lancaster. From 1660 to 1668, Bridgeman was Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, and from 1667 to 1672 Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. In 1668, he was a member of the New England Company. In his final years, Bridgeman appointed metaphysical poet, theologian, and priest Thomas Traherne (c. 1637 – 1674) as his private chaplain at Teddington and supported the publication of his writings. Bridgeman died aged 65 in Teddington, Middlesex and was buried there.

Bridgeman was highly regarded in his time for his participation in the trial of the regicides of King Charles I in 1660, and for devising complex legal instruments for the conveyance of estates in land. Among Bridgeman's most enduring inventions was a device for the 22nd Earl of Arundel, which led to the creation in the Duke of Norfolk's Case, 3 Ch. Ca. 1, 22. Eng. Rep. 931 (Ch. 1681), of the Rule Against Perpetuities. Following the Great Fire of London he was one of the judges appointed to resolve disputes about property arising from the fire.

Family[edit]

Bridgeman married twice, firstly Judith Kynaston, daughter of John Kynaston, on 30 January 1627 or 1628. They had two children:

  • Mary Bridgeman, married, firstly Sir Edward Morgan, married secondly Richard Hanbury
  • Sir John Bridgeman, 2nd Baronet (1631–1710)

Secondly he married Dorothy Saunders, daughter of John Saunders. They had three children:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "thePeerage". Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  • J. Dukeminier; J. Krier (2006). Property, Sixth Edition. Aspen. p. 241, footnote. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of England
Vacant
Parliament suspended
Title last held by
Edward Bridgeman
Member of Parliament for Wigan
1640–1642
With: Alexander Rigby
Succeeded by
Alexander Rigby
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir George Booth
Custos Rotulorum of Cheshire
1644–1646
Vacant
Title next held by
The Lord Delamer
Preceded by
The Earl of Clarendon
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal
1667–1672
Succeeded by
The Earl of Shaftesbury
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Wilde
Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer
1660
Succeeded by
Matthew Hale
Preceded by
Oliver St John
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
1660–1667
Succeeded by
Sir John Vaughan
Baronetage of England
New creation Baronet
(of Great Lever)
1660–1674
Succeeded by
John Bridgeman