Sir Percy Loraine, 12th Baronet

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Sir Percy Loraine

Sir Percy Lyham Loraine, 12th Baronet, GCMG, PC (5 November 1880 – 23 May 1961) was a British diplomat.

Early life[edit]

Loraine was born in London on 5 November 1880 the second son of Admiral Sir Lambton Loraine, the 11th Baronet and his wife Frerica Mary née Broke.[1] Educated at Eton College from 1893 until 1899 when he went to New College, Oxford.[1] In 1899 at the start of the Second Boer War he joined the Imperial Yeomanry and served on active duty in South Africa until 1902.[1] In 1904, he joined the diplomatic service.[1]

Diplomatic career[edit]

He first served in the Middle East, at the British missions in Istanbul and Tehran, where he was Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 1921-26,[2] before being posted in Rome, Beijing, Paris and Madrid. He took part in the 1919 Paris Peace Conference which was held following the end of World War I, before being sent as minister in Tehran and then Athens.

In 1929, he was appointed as High Commissioner for Egypt and the Sudan. However, his policy of allowing King Fuad I to control the government led to his removal in 1933.

He became close to Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk while serving in Ankara, which improved the relations between the two countries. While ambassador, Loraine visited Atatürk on his deathbed [3] and later gave a BBC broadcast paying tribute to Atatürk on the 10th anniversary of his death.[4]

He was the last British ambassador to Italy before the start of World War II. Loraine was reputedly nicknamed 'pompous Percy' by his staff.[5] Winston Churchill did not seek his advice on Middle Eastern matters during the war, and he retired from public life.

Honours[edit]

Sir Percy was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1933, a CMG in 1921, KCMG in 1925 and GCMG in 1937.[6]

Personal life[edit]

His brother Eustace died unmarried in an aircraft accident 1912 so when his father died in 1917 he succeeded as the 12th baronet.[1] In 1924 Sir Percy married Louise Violet Beatrice, daughter of Major-General Edward Montagu-Stuart-Wortley, brother of the 2nd Earl of Wharncliffe. Sir Percy lived at Styford Hall, Stocksfield-on-Tyne, and at Wilton Crescent, Belgravia. His friends included Gertrude Bell, fellow diplomat Sir Lancelot Oliphant,[7] and Sir Arnold Wilson.[8] He took an interest in horse racing and thoroughbred horse breeding: his horse Darius won the 2000 Guineas in 1954. He worked for the Jockey Club on the introduction of photo-finish cameras to racing.[1]

Sir Percy died at his London home on the 23 May 1961 aged 80, he had no children and the baronetcy became extinct.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Sir Percy Loraine." Times [London, England] 24 May 1961: 18. The Times Digital Archive. Web.
  2. ^ British Diplomatic Representatives in Iran 1800-1950 http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelpregion/asia/iran/dip.html
  3. ^ http://antikemalist.blogspot.com/2010/03/british-newspaper-article-on-mustafa.html
  4. ^ Sir Percy Loraine's Address on Ataturk 10 November 1948 http://www.turkiye.co.uk/ataturk/mustafa_kemal_ataturk.htm
  5. ^ http://www.cornucopia.net/aboutbdt.html
  6. ^ Whitaker's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 1939.
  7. ^ National Archives http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/displaycataloguedetails.asp?CATID=7001&CATLN=3&accessmethod=5&j=1
  8. ^ Sir Arnold Wilson (left) with Sir Percy Loraine http://barbaracooke.net/?p=42
General
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Herman Norman
British Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Iran
1921 – 1926
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Clive
Preceded by
Sir Milne Cheetham
British Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Greece
1926 – 1929
Succeeded by
Hon. Patrick Ramsay
Preceded by
George Lloyd
British High Commissioner to Egypt
1929 – 1933
Succeeded by
Miles Lampson
Preceded by
George Clerk
British Ambassador to Turkey
1933 – 1939
Succeeded by
Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen
Preceded by
Sir Eric Drummond
British Ambassador to Italy
1939 – 1940
Suspended
Title next held by
Sir Noel Charles
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Sir Lambton Loraine
Loraine Baronets
1917 – 1961
Extinct