Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Baronet, of Middle Claydon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Portrait, oil, of Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Bt by Sir Peter Lely (1618–1680).

Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Baronet DL, JP (12 November 1613 – 24 September 1696)[1] was an English baronet and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1640 and 1690.

Background[edit]

Baptised at Hillesden in Buckinghamshire, he was the eldest son of Sir Edmund Verney and his wife Margaret, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Denton.[2] Verney was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford and was called to the bar by the Middle Temple.[3]

Career[edit]

Verney entered the Short Parliament in 1640, sitting as Member of Parliament for Aylesbury. He was re-elected MP for Aylesbury for the Long Parliament in November 1640.[4] He was present in the trial of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford in January 1641, making notes, and was knighted in March.[4] Verney opposed William Laud before the Civil War, and sided with the Parliamentarians at its outset; however, when he didn't partake in the Solemn League and Covenant in 1643, he was forced to flee into exile; three years thereafter his assets were confiscated.[4] He went first to the Netherlands, met his wife in Blois in France, where she died, and arrived then in Italy.[4] He was disabled from sitting in Parliament on 22 September 1645.

Following his return to England in 1653, Verney was captured and imprisoned two years later, however released with a fine in 1656.[3]

After the English Restoration in 1660, on advice of Anne Wilmot, Countess of Rochester, Verney stood for Great Bedwyn, but was unsuccessful.[3] He was appointed a Commissioner of Oyer and Terminer for the Norfolk circuit in July and a Commissioner of Assessment in August, serving in Buckinghamshire.[3] For the latter county Verney was a Justice of the Peace as well as a Deputy Lieutenant.[3] On 16 March 1661, King Charles II of England made him a Baronet, of Middle Claydon, in the County of Buckingham.[5] A year later, he became a Commissioner of Sewers in Bedfordshire and was additionally Commissioner of Loyal and Indigent Officers in the same county.[3]

In 1675, Verney was nominated a Commissioner of Recusants in Buckinghamshire.[3] He was re-elected to the House in 1681 and represented Buckingham until 1690.[6] During this time as Member of Parliament, he spoke against the coronation of William of Orange as king of England.[7]

Family[edit]

On 31 May 1629, Verney married Mary Blacknall, daughter of John Blacknall in Hillesdon and had by her three sons and as many daughters.[8] He died, aged 82 and was buried at Middle Claydon on 9 October 1696.[9] His eldest son Edmund predeceased him and Verney was succeeded in the baronetcy by his second son John, who was later raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Viscount Fermanagh.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment - Baronetage". Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  2. ^ Burke, John (1841). John Bernhard Burke, ed. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scotland (2nd ed.). London: Scott, Webster, and Geary. p. 545. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Henning, Basil Duke (1983). The House of Commons, 1660-1690. vol. I. London: Secker & Warburg. pp. 634–635. ISBN 0-436-19274-8. 
  4. ^ a b c d  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "Verney, Ralph (1613-1696)". Dictionary of National Biography 58. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 265. 
  5. ^ Kimber, Edward (1771). Richard Johnson, ed. The Baronetage of England: Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the English Baronets. vol. III. London: Thomas Wotton. p. 317. 
  6. ^ "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Buckingham". Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  7. ^ Lodge, John (1789). Mervyn Archdall, ed. The Peerage of Ireland or A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. vol. II. Dublin: James Moore. pp. 285–286I. 
  8. ^ a b Tinniswood, Adrian (2007). The Verneys: A True Story of Love, War and Madness in Seventeenth-Century England. Riverhead Books. ISBN 978-1-59448-948-8. 
  9. ^ "ThePeerage - Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Bt". Retrieved 3 January 2007. 
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
1640–1645
With: Sir John Pakington, 2nd Baronet 1640
Thomas Fountaine 1640
Sir John Pakington, 2nd Baronet 1641–1642
Succeeded by
Thomas Scot
Simon Mayne
Preceded by
Sir Richard Temple
Viscount Latimer
Member of Parliament for Buckingham
1681–1690
With: Sir Richard Temple
Succeeded by
Alexander Denton
Sir Richard Temple
Baronetage of England
New creation Baronet
(of Middle Claydon)
1661–1696
Succeeded by
John Verney