Sir Thomas Bishopp, 1st Baronet

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Sir Thomas Bishopp, 1st Baronet (1550–1626) was an English politician.

He was the only son of Thomas Bishopp of Henfield, Sussex and his wife Elizabeth Belknap and educated at St John’s College, Oxford (1562), Clifford’s Inn and the Inner Temple (1572).

Before 1549, Thomas Bishopp senior had acted as feoffee to Elizabeth, who was a recusant. Her father, Sir Edward Belknap, was active both on the battlefield and as a court official during the 16th and 17th centuries. He had fought for Henry VII of England and been appointed to the post of "surveyor of the King's prerogative", which gave him the power to appropriate lands and property. By Thomas's marriage to Elizabeth he had obtained a considerable estate in Sussex.[1] They had settled at Henfield in Sussex where Thomas became a JP and attorney to the bishop of Chichester, Robert Sherburne (bishop 1508-36), who annexed the prebendary of Henfield in 1499 to his bishopric and then conveyed the estate to Thomas senior.

In 1560, Thomas junior was just 10 years old when he inherited from his father Thomas senior the parsonage and park at Henfield, the manors of Beeding, Drayton, Hunston, Stubcroft, and certain farms and stock including a flock of 1,000 sheep. However as he was a minor he became the ward first of the very wealthy and influential Sir Richard Sackville (cousin to Ann Boleyn) and later of his son Thomas Sackville,1st Earl of Dorset, a favourite of Elizabeth I. Thomas Bishopp’s connection with the Sackville family explains his swift promotion to office in his father’s adopted county and also his return to Parliament, first in 1584 for Gatton, then in 1586 and 1604 for Steyning.[2] He was probably nominated for these seats in Parliament by Lord Burghley (Master of the Court of Wards amongst other lucrative offices) William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley.

From 1578 until his death he sat on the Sussex bench as a Justice of the Peace. In the 1587 report on Sussex justices of the peace Bishopp was a ‘young man’ who was a ‘good justice’. He was appointed High Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex for 1584–85 and 1601–02.[3]

He bought the Parham House estate, Sussex in 1597 and was invested by King James I as a knight on 7 May 1603 at Theobalds House,[4] shortly after King James I had acceded to the throne. He was made baronet Bishopp of Parham in the County of Sussex in 1620 when almost 70 years old.

Sir Thomas Bishopp married, firstly, Anne Cromer, daughter of William Cromer, on 19 September 1577. He married secondly, Jane Weston, daughter of Sir Richard Weston and Jane Dister. Their eldest son was Sir Edward Bishopp, 2nd Baronet. Their second son Henry Bishopp, was a Postmaster General of England and inventor of the first postmark used on mail.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, Volume 2, John Burke, pub 1833, page 651
  2. ^ ibid 1
  3. ^ "BISHOPP, Sir Thomas (1553-1626), of Parham, Suss.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  4. ^ J.B. Nichols, 1828 The Progresses, Processions, and Magnificent Festivities, of King James the First: His Royal Consort, Family, and Court; Collected from Original Manuscripts, Scarce Pamphlets, Corporation Records, Parochial Registers, &c., &c. ... Illustrated with Notes, Historical, Topographical, Biographical and Bibliographical, Volume 4, published 1828 p. 613
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Edmund Tylney
Roland Maylard
Member of Parliament for Gatton
1584–1585
With: Edward Browne
Succeeded by
John Puckering
Edward Browne
Preceded by
Thomas Shirley
Pexall Brocas
Member of Parliament for Steyning
1586–1587
With: Henry Shelley
Succeeded by
Thomas Crompton
Henry Apsley
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Shirley
Robert Bowyer
Member of Parliament for Steyning
1604–1611
With: Sir Thomas Shirley
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Shirley
Edward Fraunceys
Baronetage of England
New title Baronet
of Parham

1620–1626
Succeeded by
Edward Bishopp